English: Feminism

Mary Wollstonecraft

Feminism started with the idea that human rights should be given to women. This idea was put forward by some philosophers in the 18th and 19th centuries such as Mary Wollstonecraft and John Stuart Mill. Later feminists in the early 20th century also said that women should be allowed to vote in a democracy. Many women felt very strongly that they should be allowed to vote and there were many protests. These women were called Suffragettes. This is because they were fighting for Universal suffrage which means everybody is able to vote. The Suffragettes staged many protests for their rights. Some women even committed suicide to show how wrong it was that they could not take part in politics. After women received the vote, feminism worked to make all of society more equal for women.

Not all female politicians have been welcomed by feminists, with Margaret Thatcher, Sarah Palin and Michele Bachmann being clear examples.

Feminism is generally acknowledged to have "waves" as different time periods focused on different aspects of feminism, often working off the ideas presented by the wave before.

First wave (approx. 1830s – early 1900s) 

In technical terms, the first wave of feminism could be dated earlier to include pre-nineteenth century women's rights movements. In particular, the French Revolution of 1789 is often attributed as the beginning of the first demands for women's rights. This went on to inspire Mary Wollstonecraft, whose book A Vindication of the Rights of Women was published in 1792. It is widely recognized as one of the earliest significant works of feminist literacy. However, first wave feminism is usually dated as occurring between the mid to late nineteenth century and early 1900s. During the first wave, women began to realize that they must first gain political power before they could bring about social change. This wave focused on gaining the right to vote (universal suffrage). Later, the focus shifted to include sexual, economic, and reproductive concerns.[1]

During the inter-war years, the feminist movement declined. Anti-feminism was on the rise, focusing on the issue of women and work. Women were being 'persuaded' to return to their traditional roles in the home and give up their war jobs. There were also issues within the organized ranks of feminism itself. The ideologies and priorities of certain groups were changing. Some felt that equality with men had been reached and shifted their focus onto the needs of women as women, such as the subjects of birth control, family allowance, and protective legislature. This caused the split into the dominant groups of equality feminism and new feminism. New feminists focused on the role of traditional women in the home and as mothers. Equality feminists encouraged women to look beyond the home and fought for equality with men in every aspect of life. Equality feminists opposed protective legislature, such as maturity leave, purely on principle.

The topic of protective legislature eventually led to the divide of first wave feminism. Middle-class feminists tended to oppose protective legislature, whereas working class feminists largely supported it. This split between the previously dominant equality feminism and the rising new feminism marks the end of the first wave of feminism.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Feminisme
Alemannisch: Feminismus
العربية: نسوية
aragonés: Feminismo
asturianu: Feminismu
Avañe'ẽ: Kuñareko
azərbaycanca: Feminizm
تۆرکجه: فمینیزم
বাংলা: নারীবাদ
Bân-lâm-gú: Lú-sèng-chú-gī
башҡортса: Феминизм
беларуская: Фемінізм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фэмінізм
भोजपुरी: नारीवाद
български: Феминизъм
Boarisch: Feminismus
bosanski: Feminizam
brezhoneg: Gwregelouriezh
буряад: Феминизм
català: Feminisme
čeština: Feminismus
dansk: Feminisme
Deutsch: Feminismus
eesti: Feminism
Ελληνικά: Φεμινισμός
English: Feminism
эрзянь: Феминизм
español: Feminismo
Esperanto: Feminismo
estremeñu: Feminismu
euskara: Feminismo
فارسی: فمینیسم
Fiji Hindi: Feminism
français: Féminisme
Frysk: Feminisme
Gaeilge: Feimineachas
galego: Feminismo
گیلکی: فمنيسم
한국어: 여성주의
հայերեն: Ֆեմինիզմ
हिन्दी: नारीवाद
hrvatski: Feminizam
Ilokano: Peminismo
Bahasa Indonesia: Feminisme
interlingua: Feminismo
Interlingue: Feminisme
íslenska: Femínismi
italiano: Femminismo
עברית: פמיניזם
ქართული: ფემინიზმი
қазақша: Феминизм
Kiswahili: Ufeministi
kurdî: Femînîzm
Кыргызча: Феминизм
Latina: Feminismus
latviešu: Feminisms
lietuvių: Feminizmas
Limburgs: Feminisme
Lingua Franca Nova: Femisme
lumbaart: Femminism
magyar: Feminizmus
मैथिली: नारीवाद
македонски: Феминизам
მარგალური: ფემინიზმი
مازِرونی: فیمینیسم
Bahasa Melayu: Feminisme
Minangkabau: Feminisme
Mirandés: Femenismo
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အမျိုးသမီးဝါဒ
Nederlands: Feminisme
नेपाली: नारीवाद
नेपाल भाषा: मिसावाद
нохчийн: Феминизм
norsk: Feminisme
norsk nynorsk: Feminisme
Novial: Feminisme
occitan: Feminisme
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନାରୀବାଦ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ
پنجابی: فیمینزم
پښتو: فیمینزم
Patois: Feminizim
Piemontèis: Feminism
polski: Feminizm
português: Feminismo
română: Feminism
русиньскый: Фемінізм
русский: Феминизм
саха тыла: Феминизм
Scots: Feminism
shqip: Feminizmi
sicilianu: Fimminismu
سنڌي: عورتزاد
slovenčina: Feminizmus (hnutie)
slovenščina: Feminizem
کوردی: فێمینیزم
српски / srpski: Феминизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Feminizam
Sunda: Féminisme
suomi: Feminismi
svenska: Feminism
Tagalog: Peminismo
татарча/tatarça: Феминизм
తెలుగు: స్త్రీవాదం
Türkçe: Feminizm
українська: Фемінізм
اردو: نسوانیت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: فېمىنىزم
vepsän kel’: Feminizm
Võro: Feminism
walon: Feminisse
Winaray: Feminismo
吴语: 女权主义
ייִדיש: פעמיניזם
粵語: 女性主義
Zazaki: Feminizm
žemaitėška: Femėnėzmos
中文: 女性主義