Federalism is a political philosophy in which a group of people are bound together, with a governing head. In a federation, the authority is divided between the head (for example the central government of a country) and the political units governed by it (for example the states or provinces of the country).

Currently, several countries in the world have a federal government; examples are United States of America, Canada, Switzerland and Austria. The European Union can be called a sort of federal government as well.


In the United States Constitution for example, the federal government and state governments both have power. When states and the federal government do not agree on something, the Supreme Court can decide who is right.[1]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Föderalismus
العربية: فدرالية
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܕܪܠܝܐ
asturianu: Federalismu
беларуская: Федэралізм
भोजपुरी: संघवाद
български: Федерализъм
català: Federalisme
Cebuano: Pederalismo
čeština: Federalismus
Cymraeg: Ffederaliaeth
Deutsch: Föderalismus
English: Federalism
español: Federalismo
Esperanto: Federaciismo
euskara: Federalismo
فارسی: فدرالیسم
français: Fédéralisme
furlan: Federalisim
galego: Federalismo
한국어: 연방주의
हिन्दी: संघवाद
Bahasa Indonesia: Federalisme
italiano: Federalismo
עברית: פדרליזם
ქართული: ფედერალიზმი
қазақша: Федерализм
Limburgs: Federalisme
lumbaart: Federalism
मैथिली: सङ्घीयता
مازِرونی: فدرالیسم
Bahasa Melayu: Federalisme
Nederlands: Federalisme
नेपाली: सङ्घीयता
日本語: 連邦主義
norsk nynorsk: Føderalisme
occitan: Federalisme
polski: Federalizm
română: Federalism
rumantsch: Federalissem
русский: Федерализм
Scots: Federalism
slovenčina: Federalizmus
Soomaaliga: Federaaliisim
کوردی: فێدراڵیزم
српски / srpski: Федерализам
svenska: Federalism
Tagalog: Pederalismo
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Miiriwatwuɔt
українська: Федералізм
中文: 联邦主义