Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I
Darnley stage 3.jpg
The "Darnley Portrait" of Elizabeth I (c. 1575)
Queen of England and Ireland (more...)
Reign17 November 1558 –
24 March 1603
Coronation15 January 1559
PredecessorsMary I and Philip
SuccessorJames I
Born7 September 1533
Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, England
Died24 March 1603(1603-03-24) (aged 69)
Richmond Palace, Surrey, England
BurialWestminster Abbey
HouseHouse of Tudor
FatherHenry VIII
MotherAnne Boleyn
ReligionAnglican
SignatureElizabeth I's signature

Elizabeth I of England (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was the Queen of England and Ireland. She was queen from 17 November 1558 until she died in March 1603. She was also called "good queen Bess" or "the virgin queen" or "Gloriana".

She was the daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, and was the last of the Tudor dynasty of monarchs. When Boleyn was disgraced at court and executed, Elizabeth's life became a troubled one, including being locked up in the Tower of London, an old prison.

Despite that, Elizabeth reigned with intelligence and hard work. Her reign was distinguished with great achievements in the arts, trade, and exploration. She ably defended her country through the days of the Spanish Armada. She never married, but had several favourites, including the Earl of Leicester. At her death in 1603, King James VI of Scotland was named her successor.

Early life

Elizabeth was born in 1533 at Greenwich, England. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII of England and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. She had an older half-sister Mary, and, later, a younger half-brother Edward.[1]

Elizabeth was given a good education. She could speak and read six languages: her native English, as well as French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Latin.[2]

When she was thirteen and a half years old, on 28 January 1547, King Henry died. Elizabeth's half-brother, Edward, became King Edward VI of England. He died age 15. Mary succeeded him in 1553, and after Queen Mary's death in 1558, Elizabeth became Queen.[1]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Elisabeth I.
አማርኛ: 1 ኤልሳበጥ
azərbaycanca: I Elizabet
Bân-lâm-gú: Elizabeth 1-sè
башҡортса: Елизавета I
беларуская: Лізавета I
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лізавета I
български: Елизабет I
Чӑвашла: Елизавета I
čeština: Alžběta I.
Deutsch: Elisabeth I.
Հայերեն: Եղիսաբեթ I
hrvatski: Elizabeta I.
Bahasa Indonesia: Elizabeth I dari Inggris
íslenska: Elísabet 1.
ქართული: ელისაბედ I
қазақша: I Елизавета
latviešu: Elizabete I
Lëtzebuergesch: Elizabeth I. vun England
lietuvių: Elžbieta I
Livvinkarjala: Elisabeth I
македонски: Елизабета I
മലയാളം: എലിസബത്ത് I
Baso Minangkabau: Elizabeth I dari Inggirih
монгол: I Элизабет
нохчийн: Елизавета I
norsk nynorsk: Elisabeth I av England
پنجابی: الزبتھ I
Plattdüütsch: Elisabeth I. (Tudor)
Runa Simi: Elisabeth I
русский: Елизавета I
संस्कृतम्: एलिजबेथ् प्रथमा
slovenščina: Elizabeta I. Angleška
српски / srpski: Елизабета I Тјудор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Elizabeta I
suomi: Elisabet I
татарча/tatarça: Yelizaveta I patşabikä
Türkçe: I. Elizabeth
українська: Єлизавета I
Vahcuengh: Elizabeth I
vepsän kel’: Elizavet I
Tiếng Việt: Elizabeth I của Anh
žemaitėška: Elžbieta I
Lingua Franca Nova: Elizabeth 1