English: Election

Today, an election in Germany is picking one of several options (or candidates). The notice tells voters to "fold each ballot paper several times and hand it in separately".
Each folded paper is dropped into a box.

An election is a way people can choose their candidate or their preferences in a representative democracy or other form of government.

Most democratic countries hold new elections for their national legislature every few years. What elections do is select representatives for the local areas. These are called MPs (Members of Parliament) in the British parliamentary system. Parliamentary systems may have a head of government and a head of state, but sometimes the two posts are held by the same person.

The legislature chooses the government, usually by majority vote in the legislature. Some democracies elect a president, who then selects the government. Many democratic countries also have regional, provincial or state elections.

There are different ways to organize an election in different countries. Voters might vote for an individual, or they might vote for a political party (party list). This is because different countries use different voting systems.

Countries that are not democracies can also hold elections. This is usually done to let the people choose a local representative (like a mayor). Also many countries call themselves democracies, but behind the scenes have a more autocratic form of government.

Elections keep a democratic country functioning, as they give people the right to select their own government. However, there are ways a government can "fix" elections. Opposition candidates are permitted in former USSR countries, but they are usually prevented from using broadcasting or the newspapers. This means that, in effect, the ruling president is never challenged. Elections which are fixed are sometimes called sham elections or show elections.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Psephology is the study of elections.


  1. "Kim Jong-un wins 100% of the vote in his constituency". 10 March 2014.
  2. Jamjoom, Mohammed. "Yemen holds presidential election with one candidate". CNN.
  3. Sanchez, Raf; Samaan, Magdy (29 January 2018). "Egyptian opposition calls for boycott of elections after challengers are arrested and attacked" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  4. "Alexei Navalny latest: Russian opposition leader arrested ahead of presidential election | The Independent". 22 February 2018.
  5. "RUSSIA: Justice in The Baltic". Time. 1940-08-19. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  6. "Yes, There Are Elections in North Korea and Here's How They Work - The Atlantic". 6 March 2014.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Verkiesing
العربية: انتخابات
asturianu: Eleiciones
azərbaycanca: Seçki
Bali: Pemilu
বাংলা: নির্বাচন
Bân-lâm-gú: Soán-kí
беларуская: Выбары
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Выбары
български: Избори
bosanski: Izbori
brezhoneg: Votadeg
català: Elecció
čeština: Volby
Cymraeg: Etholiad
dansk: Valg
Deutsch: Wahl
eesti: Valimised
Ελληνικά: Εκλογές
English: Election
español: Elecciones
Esperanto: Voĉdono
euskara: Hauteskunde
فارسی: انتخابات
français: Élection
Frysk: Ferkiezing
galego: Elección
хальмг: Суңһувар
한국어: 선거
Hausa: Zaɓe
हिन्दी: चुनाव
hrvatski: Izbori
Bahasa Indonesia: Pemilihan
íslenska: Kosningar
italiano: Elezione
עברית: בחירות
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚುನಾವಣೆ
ქართული: არჩევნები
қазақша: Сайлау
Kiswahili: Uchaguzi
kriyòl gwiyannen: Lélèksyon
Latina: Comitia
latviešu: Vēlēšanas
lietuvių: Rinkimai
македонски: Избори
मराठी: निवडणूक
მარგალური: გიშაგორუეფი
Bahasa Melayu: Pilihan raya
монгол: Сонгууль
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရွေးကောက်ပွဲ
Nederlands: Verkiezing
नेपाली: निर्वाचन
नेपाल भाषा: निर्वाचन
日本語: 選挙
norsk: Valg
norsk nynorsk: Val
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Saylov
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚੋਣ
polski: Wybory
português: Eleição
română: Alegere
Runa Simi: Akllanakuy
русский: Выборы
संस्कृतम्: निर्वाचनम्
Scots: Election
sicilianu: Elizzioni
سنڌي: چونڊون
slovenčina: Voľby
slovenščina: Volitve
Soomaaliga: Doorasho
српски / srpski: Избори
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Izbori
suomi: Vaali
svenska: Val
Tagalog: Halalan
தமிழ்: தேர்தல்
తెలుగు: ఎన్నికలు
Türkçe: Seçim
українська: Вибори
vèneto: Ełesion
Tiếng Việt: Bầu cử
walon: Vôtaedje
Winaray: Piniliay
吴语: 选举
ייִדיש: וואלן
Yorùbá: Ìdìbòyàn
粵語: 選舉
中文: 選舉