El Cid

Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (1043 – 1099 AD), known as El Cid, was a Castilian nobleman. He was a military leader in medieval Spain. After his death, he became the hero in a mediaeval Spanish poem, El Cantar de mio Cid.

Exiled from the court, El Cid went on to command a Moorish force. After the Christian defeat, El Cid was recalled to service. He took command of a combined Christian and Moorish army. He used this army to create his own fiefdom in Valencia. He was a brave general that lead his country to victory. El Cid was born in Vivar, also known as Castillona de Bivar. The Muslims gave him the nickname "El Cid" from the Spanish Arabic word al-sid, meaning "lord."

El Cid was brought up at the court of King Ferdinand the Great and served Ferdinand's son, Sancho II of León and Castile. He rose to become the commander and royal standard-bearer of Castile when Sancho became king in 1065.

Sancho wanted to reunite all the three parts of his dead father's kingdom. Rodrigo lead the Castilian military campaigns against Sancho's brothers, Alfonso VI of León and García II of Galicia, as well as in the Muslim kingdoms in Al-Andalus. Sancho was murdered in 1072.

Working for Alfonso

After his brother's death, Alfonso returned from exile attempting to claim his dead brothers throne. El Cid then swore Alfonso to the throne and named him King.

Although, Alfonso feared that El Cid would not prove loyal, but with no proof. In 1074, El Cid married Alfonso's niece, Jimena. Some believe the marriage was encouraged by Alfonso to bring El Cid under his watchful eye. Alfonso never gave El Cid a chance to make a better name for himself in the military, and kept him from becoming famous.

El Cid soon became fed up, and in 1081, without Alfonso's permission, he invaded the city of Toledo.

This made Alfonso very mad, and his advisors told him that El Cid had tried to betray him by attacking the city without his permission, false information. Alfonso then banished him from the city of Castile.

Other Languages
العربية: إل سيد
تۆرکجه: ال سید
বাংলা: এল সিদ
Bân-lâm-gú: El Cid
беларуская: Сід Кампеадор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сід Кампэадор
български: Ел Сид
Boarisch: El Cid
brezhoneg: El Cid
català: El Cid
Cebuano: El Cid
čeština: Cid
Cymraeg: El Cid
dansk: El Cid
Deutsch: El Cid
Ελληνικά: Ελ Σιντ
English: El Cid
Esperanto: Cido
euskara: Cid Campeador
فارسی: ال سید
Gaeilge: El Cid
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: El Cid
հայերեն: Էլ Սիդ
Bahasa Indonesia: El Cid
íslenska: El Cid
italiano: El Cid
עברית: אל סיד
македонски: Ел Сид
norsk: El Cid
norsk nynorsk: El Cid
polski: Cyd
português: O Cid
slovenčina: El Cid Campeador
slovenščina: El Cid
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar
suomi: El Cid
svenska: El Cid
українська: Сід Кампеадор
اردو: السید
Tiếng Việt: El Cid
文言: 席德
粵語: 熙德
中文: 熙德