Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Church, is a Christian church. Their type of Christianity is also called Orthodox Christianity or Orthodoxy. Their members are called Orthodox Christians, although there is another group of Churches called Oriental Orthodox that is not in communion with the Orthodox Church. There are about 300 million Orthodox Christians in the world. Most Orthodox Christians are found in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, but there are Orthodox Christians everywhere around the world.

The Eastern Orthodox Church teaches that it is the Church started by Jesus Christ in his instructions to the Apostles. It practices what it understands to be the original Christian faith and maintains the sacred tradition passed down from the apostles.

The worship service is known as the Divine Liturgy. The beliefs and rituals of the service are similar to the Eucharist in the Roman Catholic Church.

History

In 395, the Roman Empire was split into a western part and an eastern part. The western part lasted to the 5th or 6th century. Τhe exact dates are a point of debate. The eastern part, which is commonly called Byzantine Empire, lasted until the 15th century. The split of the Roman Empire also affected the church, which developed differently in both parts. In 1054, there was the East–West Schism. The western part developed what is now the Roman Catholic Church, and the eastern part is now called Eastern Orthodox Church. In the west, there is the Patriarch of Rome, who is commonly called the Pope. In the east, there is the Patriarch of Constantinople. Because of historical developments, many Eastern Orthodox churches also have a local Patriarch. In the west, the Pope is an absolute leader. The Patriarch of Constantinople is the "first among equals"; his power is not absolute, as seen when meeting with other Patriarchs. His power is the same of all bishops, which is what a patriarch is.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Orthodoxe Kirchen
aragonés: Ilesia Ortodoxa
asturianu: Ilesia Ortodoxa
Bân-lâm-gú: Tang Chèng-kàu
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Праваслаўная царква
brezhoneg: Iliz Ortodoks
davvisámegiella: Ortodoksalaš girku
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ceṡa Urtudòsa
한국어: 동방 정교회
Bahasa Indonesia: Gereja Ortodoks Timur
interlingua: Ecclesia Orthodoxe
kaszëbsczi: Prawòsławié
Kreyòl ayisyen: Legliz Òtodòks
Кыргызча: Православие
lietuvių: Stačiatikybė
Lingua Franca Nova: Ortodoxisme
lumbaart: Ciexa Ortodossa
македонски: Православна црква
مازِرونی: شرقی ارتدوکس
Bahasa Melayu: Gereja Ortodoks Timur
日本語: 正教会
norsk nynorsk: Ortodoks kristendom
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pravoslav cherkovi
Tok Pisin: Kristen Otodos
português: Igreja Ortodoxa
Runa Simi: Chiqan Iñitsay
sicilianu: Chiesa Ortudossa
српски / srpski: Православна црква
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pravoslavna crkva
татарча/tatarça: Pravoslavie
吴语: 东正教
粵語: 東正教
žemaitėška: Stačiatėkībė
中文: 正教會