German Democratic Republic
Deutsche Demokratische Republik
Motto: Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt Euch!
English: Workers of the world, unite!
"Risen from Ruins"
The German Democratic Republic in 1990
|Status||Member of the |
|Head of State|
|Head of Government|
|Lothar de Maizière (last)|
• State Chamber
• Constitution adopted
|7 October 1949|
• Uprising of 1953
|16 June 1953|
• Berlin Crisis
|4 June 1961|
• Admitted to the
|18 September 1973|
• Peaceful Revolution
|13 October 1989|
|12 September 1990|
|3 October 1990|
|1990||108,333 km2 (41,828 sq mi)|
Error: Invalid HDI value
(Three different names for the same currency)
(from 1 July 1990)
|Today part of|| |
The initial flag of East Germany adopted in 1948 was identical to that of
^a Dissolved by the Volkskammer on 8 December 1958.
^b Population statistics according to Statistisches Bundesamt.
The German Democratic Republic (GDR) (
The GDR was ruled by the
After World War II, the four
On 13 August 1961, the
Egon Krenz was elected by the politburo to be Honecker's successor. Krenz tried to show that he was looking for change within the GDR but the citizens did not trust him. On November 9, 1989, the SED announced that East Germans would be able to travel to West Berlin the next day. The spokesman who announced the new travel law incorrectly said that it would take effect immediately, implying the Berlin Wall would open that night. People began to gather at border checkpoints at the wall hoping to be let through, but the guards told them that they had no orders to let citizens through. As the number of people grew, the guards became alarmed and tried to contact their superiors but had no responses. Unwilling to use force, the chief guard at the checkpoint relented at 10:54pm and ordered the gate to be opened. Thousands of East-Germans swarmed into West Berlin and the purpose of the wall was deemed now obsolete. The fall of the wall destroyed the SED politically as well as the career of its leader, Egon Krenz. On December 1, 1989, the GDR government revoked the law that guaranteed the SED the right to rule the East German political system, effectively ending communist rule in the GDR.
On 18 March 1990, there were free elections in the GDR. The "Alliance for Germany", a group of
Even though the western and the eastern part joined back together in
After the reunification, many people became angry because the new government was from the west and didn't like East Germany. They closed down lots of the places people worked and tried to make it look like East Germany never existed. This made lots of people lose their jobs and become poor. Today lots of people who used to live in East Germany want it to come back. This is called "Ostalgie", which means "East nostalgia".
The leading role of the SED was written down in the
The Ministry for State Security (in German: Ministerium für Staatssicherheit; often called "MfS" or "
East Germany was a member of the
In the GDR, there was a
A famous relic of the GDR is the low-powered automobile "
Until 1964, East and West Germany took part in the
East German sportspeople were very successful, for example in
A famous cycling race was the Peace Race (in German: Friedensfahrt).
The East German national football team was not so successful. They were only in one
|Date||English Name||German Name||Remarks|
|Moveable feast||Ostermontag||Was not an official Holiday after 1967.|
|1 May||Tag der Arbeit||International Workers' Day|
|8 May||Tag der Befreiung||The translation means "Day of Liberation"|
|Moveable feast||Vatertag / Christi Himmelfahrt||Thursday after the 5th Sunday after |
|Moveable feast||Pfingstmontag||50 days after Easter Sunday|
|7 October||Republic Day||Tag der Republik||National holiday|
|25 December||1. Weihnachtsfeiertag|
|26 December||2. Weihnachtsfeiertag|
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