Dutch language

Dutch
Nederlands
Pronunciation[ˈneːdərlɑnts]  ( listen)
Native toNetherlands and Flanders
RegionNetherlands, Belgium, and Suriname;
also in Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, French Flanders
Ethnicity
Native speakers
22 million (2016)[1]
Total (L1 plus L2 speakers): 28 million (2018)[2]
Indo-European
Early forms
Old Dutch
  • Middle Dutch
  • Latin (Dutch alphabet)
  • Dutch Braille
Signed forms
Signed Dutch (NmG)
Official status
Official language in

Regulated byNederlandse Taalunie
(Dutch Language Union)
Language codes
ISO 639-1nl
ISO 639-2dut (B)
nld (T)
ISO 639-3nld Dutch/Flemish
Glottologmode1257[3]
Linguasphere52-ACB-a
Map Dutch World scris.png
Dutch-speaking world (included are areas of daughter-language Afrikaans)
Idioma neerlandés.PNG
Distribution of the Dutch language and its dialects in Western Europe
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Dutch (Nederlands) is a language which comes from the Netherlands and is the country's official language.[4] It is also spoken in the northern half of Belgium (the region called Flanders), and in the South American country of Suriname. A language known as Afrikaans was developed from Dutch by the people in southern Africa and is now spoken mainly in South Africa but also in nearby Namibia. About 22 million people around the world speak Dutch.[5]

History

Dutch is a West Germanic language[6] The West Germanic branch is divided into English, Frisian, German and Dutch.[6] It is why Dutch is very much like English in its vocabulary and grammar, though it resembles German more than English does.

The North Germanic languages of Danish, Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic are also part of the Germanic language branch.[6] Dutch is also in some cases like these languages.

The Dutch of before 1170 is called Old Dutch (Oudnederlands). The Dutch between 1170 and 1500 is called Middle Dutch (Middelnederlands), which is also called Diets. That's why Dutch is called Dutch in English. The word "Dutch" itself came from the Proto-Germanic word theodiscus, which means "language of the common people" and which at the time was also used to refer to the Germans and their language. Over time, the modern English usage is now used to refer to that of the Netherlands and not the Germans. The Dutch word for German, Duits, comes from the same origin.

The oldest Dutch book known is Wachtendonckse Psalmen which was written in 900. The first Dutch writer we know by name is Hendrik van Veldeke, who was born around 1150.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nederlands
አማርኛ: ሆላንድኛ
العربية: لغة هولندية
arpetan: Nêrlandês
Avañe'ẽ: Neelándañe'ẽ
azərbaycanca: Niderland dili
تۆرکجه: هولند دیلی
Bân-lâm-gú: Hô-lân-gí
Basa Banyumasan: Basa Landa
башҡортса: Нидерланд теле
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нідэрляндзкая мова
bosanski: Holandski jezik
brezhoneg: Nederlandeg
català: Neerlandès
Cebuano: Inolandes
čeština: Nizozemština
Cymraeg: Iseldireg
davvisámegiella: Hollánddagiella
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޑަޗު
dolnoserbski: Nižozemšćina
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ulandais
euskara: Nederlandera
Fiji Hindi: Dutch bhasa
français: Néerlandais
Gaeilge: An Ollainnis
Gaelg: Ollanish
Gàidhlig: Duitsis
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hò-làn-ngî
한국어: 네덜란드어
հայերեն: Հոլանդերեն
हिन्दी: डच भाषा
hornjoserbsce: Nižozemšćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Belanda
interlingua: Lingua nederlandese
isiXhosa: IsiHolani
isiZulu: IsiHolandi
íslenska: Hollenska
italiano: Lingua olandese
עברית: הולנדית
Basa Jawa: Basa Walanda
kernowek: Iseldiryek
Kiswahili: Kiholanzi
Lëtzebuergesch: Hollännesch
lietuvių: Olandų kalba
Limburgs: Nederlands
lingála: Lifalamá
lumbaart: Lengua ulandesa
македонски: Холандски јазик
മലയാളം: ഡച്ച് ഭാഷ
मराठी: डच भाषा
მარგალური: ჰოლანდიური ნინა
مصرى: هولندى
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Belanda
Baso Minangkabau: Bahaso Balando
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hò̤-làng-ngṳ̄
Nederlands: Nederlands
Nedersaksies: Nederlaands
नेपाल भाषा: डच भाषा
日本語: オランダ語
Nordfriisk: Neederluns/öö
norsk nynorsk: Nederlandsk
Novial: Nederlandum
occitan: Neerlandés
олык марий: Нидерланд йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Niderland tili
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡੱਚ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ
Pälzisch: Niederländisch
پنجابی: ڈچ
Papiamentu: Hulandes
Patois: Doch
Перем Коми: Недерландісь кыв
Picard: Nirlindé
Piemontèis: Lenga neerlandèisa
Plattdüütsch: Nedderlandsche Spraak
qırımtatarca: Felemenk tili
Runa Simi: Urasuyu simi
саха тыла: Нидерлаан тыла
Gagana Samoa: Fa'aholani
संस्कृतम्: डच भाषा
Scots: Dutch leid
Sesotho: Se-dutch
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sedutch
Setswana: Se-dutch
sicilianu: Lingua ulannisa
slovenčina: Holandčina
slovenščina: Nizozemščina
Soomaaliga: Af-Holandees
Sranantongo: Bakratongo
српски / srpski: Холандски језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Holandski jezik
Basa Sunda: Basa Walanda
svenska: Nederländska
татарча/tatarça: Нидерланд теле
తెలుగు: డచ్ భాష
Türkçe: Felemenkçe
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: گوللاندىيە تىلى
vepsän kel’: Alaman kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Hà Lan
Volapük: Nedänapük
West-Vlams: Nederlands
Winaray: Inolandes
吴语: 荷蘭語
ייִדיש: האלענדיש
粵語: 荷蘭文
Zazaki: Flemenki
Zeêuws: Nederlands
中文: 荷蘭語
Lingua Franca Nova: Nederlandes (lingua)