Districts of Germany

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German districts (German: Kreise) are administrative units used in Germany for local government.

The districts are in between the Länder (German states) and the local / municipal levels (Gemeinden). They are not to be confused with the larger Regierungsbezirk.

Their equivalent in other nations is the county or arrondissement.

Types of districts

Most of the districts are rural districts (Landkreise). There are 295 Landkreise.

Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants (and smaller towns in some states) are not usually part of a district, but do the work of a district themselves. These are known as urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte or Stadtkreise) The equivalent in the United Kingdom is a unitary authority, they do the work of a town and a county. There are 107 of these Kreisfreie Städte.

This makes a total of 402 districts.

In North Rhine-Westphalia, there are some cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants which are not urban districts, for example Iserlohn, Recklinghausen, Siegen, Paderborn, Bergisch Gladbach, Witten and Neuss. These cities belong to a district, but still do so the districts jobs themselves, as though they were independent.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Landkreis
azərbaycanca: Rayon (Almaniya)
Bân-lâm-gú: Landkreis
беларуская: Раён (Германія)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Раён (Нямеччына)
Boarisch: Landkroas
čeština: Zemský okres
Cymraeg: Kreis
dansk: Landkreis
Deutsch: Landkreis
dolnoserbski: Wokrejs
eesti: Kreis
Frysk: Landkreis
한국어: 독일의 군
hornjoserbsce: Wokrjes
Bahasa Indonesia: Kreis
Lëtzebuergesch: Landkrees
Limburgs: Kreis
Nederlands: Landkreis
norsk: Landkreis
norsk nynorsk: Landkreis
Pälzisch: Landkreis
Plattdüütsch: Landkreis
română: Kreis
slovenčina: Krajinský okres
српски / srpski: Немачки окрузи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nemački okruzi
svenska: Landkreis
українська: Район Німеччини
Tiếng Việt: Huyện của Đức
West-Vlams: Landkreis
中文: 县 (德国)