Congress of Vienna in
1815 Saxony had to give a lot of its land to
Prussia, including the region of Delitzsch. The Prussian government made the district of Delitzsch.
Prussia was dissolved after the end of the
Nazi era. Delitzsch was made a part of the new state of
East German government dissolved the states. After the
German reunification in
1990, the states were made again, but now Delitzsch and Eilenburg (two districts made of the former Delitzsch district) were given to Saxony instead of Saxony-Anhalt. The two districts were joined in
1994 and gave the district in its present borders. In 2008 Delitzsch Rural district was merged with
Torgau-Oschatz Rural District to
Nordsachsen Rural District.