Decapod

Decapoda
Haeckel Decapoda.jpg
"Decapoda" from Ernst Haeckel's Artforms of Nature, 1904
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Subphylum:Crustacea
Class:Malacostraca
Superorder:Eucarida
Order:Decapoda
Latreille, 1802
Suborders

Dendrobranchiata
Pleocyemata

Decapoda is an order of crustaceans in the class Malacostraca. Many familiar groups, such as crayfish, crabs, lobsters, prawns and shrimp are in this order. Many decapods are scavengers - they eat dead plants and animals. Crabs are mixed feeders, taking algae and shellfish such as molluscs. Lobsters eat mostly live prey.

Anatomy

As their name suggests, all decapods have ten appendages.

The last five pairs of appendages on the front half of the body, the cephalothorax, are used for walking.[1]

In many decapods, the front pair of appendages carry large pinching claws. The claws are called chelae, so these appendages may be called chelipeds.

The front three pairs of appendages on the thorax are used as jaws, and called maxillipeds.

On the abdomen are swimming appendages called pleopods, and the body ends in a tail fan.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tienpotiges
asturianu: Decapoda
azərbaycanca: Onayaqlılar
Bân-lâm-gú: Cha̍p-kha-ba̍k
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дзесяціногія ракападобныя
български: Десетоноги
brezhoneg: Decapoda
català: Decàpodes
Cebuano: Decapoda
čeština: Desetinožci
Ελληνικά: Δεκάποδα
English: Decapoda
español: Decapoda
Esperanto: Dekpieduloj
euskara: Decapoda
فارسی: ده‌پایان
français: Decapoda
Gaeilge: Decapoda
galego: Decápodos
한국어: 십각목
hrvatski: Deseteronošci
Bahasa Indonesia: Dekapoda
interlingua: Decapoda
italiano: Decapoda
Kiswahili: Kamba (gegereka)
kurdî: Dehpê
Latina: Decapoda
latviešu: Desmitkājvēži
Lingua Franca Nova: Decapoda
മലയാളം: ഡെക്കാപോഡ
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄:
Nederlands: Tienpotigen
日本語: 十脚目
norsk: Tifotkreps
norsk nynorsk: Tifotkreps
occitan: Decapoda
português: Decapoda
Scots: Decapoda
slovenčina: Desaťnožce
slovenščina: Deseteronožci
српски / srpski: Decapoda
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Deseteronošci
Tagalog: Decapoda
lea faka-Tonga: Veʻehongofulu
українська: Десятиногі
اردو: دسپا
Tiếng Việt: Giáp xác mười chân
Winaray: Decapoda
粵語: 十腳目
中文: 十足目