Death penalty

The countries that use the death penalty. Blue: No death penalty, Green: No death penalty, except in wartime, Orange: death penalty, but no people executed in the last 10 years, Red:Death penalty for certain crimes

Death penalty, also called capital punishment, is when a government or state executes (kills) someone, usually but not always because they have committed a serious crime. A crime that can be punished with the death penalty is called a capital crime or a capital offense.

Executions in most countries have become rarer in recent centuries. The death penalty is a disputed and controversial topic.

About one third of the countries in the world have laws that allow the death penalty.[1] The United States, the People's Republic of China, Japan and Iran are examples of countries that have a death penalty. Canada, Australia, Mexico and all members of Council of Europe are examples of countries that have abolished the death penalty. 75 countries have gotten rid of the capital punishment for all crimes. Another 20 can be considered abolitionist in practice. If they retain the death penalty in law but have not carried out any executions for the past 10 years or more.

Most of the countries that have a death penalty use it on murderers, and for other serious crimes such as rape or terrorism. Other countries especially ones with Authoritarian or Totalitarian governments, however, also use it for smaller crimes like theft, drugs, or for saying bad things about the government.

Which countries execute the most people?

A study by Amnesty International found that the following countries did the most executions in 2012: [2]

  1. China (4000+) data not officially released
  2. Iran (at least 314+)
  3. Iraq (at least 129+)
  4. Saudi Arabia (79+)
  5. United States (43)
  6. Yemen (28+)
  7. Oman (25+)
  8. Sudan (19+)
  9. Afghanistan (14)
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Doodstraf
Alemannisch: Todesstrafe
aragonés: Pena de muerte
asturianu: Pena de muerte
azərbaycanca: Ölüm hökmü
Bân-lâm-gú: Sí-hêng
башҡортса: Үлем язаһы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьмяротная кара
bosanski: Smrtna kazna
brezhoneg: Kastiz ar marv
català: Pena de mort
čeština: Trest smrti
Cymraeg: Y gosb eithaf
dansk: Dødsstraf
Deutsch: Todesstrafe
Ελληνικά: Θανατική ποινή
español: Pena de muerte
Esperanto: Mortpuno
estremeñu: Pena de Muerti
فارسی: اعدام
Fiji Hindi: Capital punishment
føroyskt: Deyðarevsing
français: Peine de mort
Frysk: Deastraf
хальмг: Толһан цааҗ
한국어: 사형
Հայերեն: Մահապատիժ
हिन्दी: मृत्युदंड
hrvatski: Smrtna kazna
Bahasa Indonesia: Hukuman mati
íslenska: Dauðarefsing
italiano: Pena di morte
עברית: עונש מוות
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮರಣದಂಡನೆ
къарачай-малкъар: Асмакъ
қазақша: Өлім жазасы
Kiswahili: Adhabu ya kifo
Кыргызча: Өлүм жазасы
latviešu: Nāvessods
Lëtzebuergesch: Doudesstrof
lietuvių: Mirties bausmė
Limburgs: Doeadstraof
lumbaart: Pena de mort
македонски: Смртна казна
മലയാളം: വധശിക്ഷ
მარგალური: ღურათ საჯება
مصرى: اعدام
Bahasa Melayu: Hukuman mati
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သေဒဏ်
Nederlands: Doodstraf
日本語: 死刑
norsk nynorsk: Dødsstraff
occitan: Pena de mòrt
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oʻlim jazosi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੌਤ ਦੀ ਸਜ਼ਾ
پنجابی: سزائے موت
Piemontèis: Pen-a ëd mòrt
português: Pena de morte
Runa Simi: Wañuy wanay
русиньскый: Смертна кара
sicilianu: Pena di morti
slovenčina: Trest smrti
slovenščina: Smrtna kazen
کوردی: سزای مەرگ
српски / srpski: Смртна казна
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Smrtna kazna
svenska: Dödsstraff
татарча/tatarça: Үлем җәзасы
తెలుగు: మరణశిక్ష
тоҷикӣ: Ҷазои қатл
Türkçe: Ölüm cezası
українська: Смертна кара
vèneto: Pena de morte
Tiếng Việt: Tử hình
文言: 死刑
West-Vlams: Dôodstraffe
吴语: 死刑
ייִדיש: טויטשטראף
粵語: 死刑
Zazaki: İdam
žemaitėška: Smertėis bausmie
中文: 死刑
Kabɩyɛ: Peine capitale