A convergent boundary is where two or more
tectonic plates collide with each other causing massive earth movements. The
Himalayas were formed by such a collision.
volcanoes are common near convergent boundaries. This is because of pressure, friction, and plate material melting in the
The diagram illustrates some differences between the two types of subduction.
- Oceanic crust moves under. A deep
ocean trench forms at the
coast, and an arc of mountainous
volcanoes forms inland. Seen along the western edge of the
- Continental crust moves under. The edge of the continental plate folds into a huge
mountain range. Behind it is a high
Himalayas and the
Tibetan plateau are a perfect example of this.