Common wheat

Common wheat
Ears of common wheat
Scientific classification
Binomial name
Triticum aestivum

Common wheat (Triticum aestivum), also known as bread wheat, is a cultivated wheat species.[1][2][3][4] About 95% of the wheat produced is common wheat.

Common wheat has been got by many generations of artificial selection by farmers choosing the most productive plants which occurred in their crops.[4]


Bread wheat is an allohexaploid, instead of the original two sets (diploid). There are six sets of chromosomes, two sets from each of three different species.[5][6]. Free-threshing wheat is closely related to spelt wheat. As with spelt, genes from goatgrass (Aegilops tauschii) give bread wheat greater cold hardiness than most wheats. It is cultivated throughout the world's temperate zones.

Of the six sets of chromosomes, two come from einkorn wheat and two from Aegilops speltoides. This hybridisation created the species Triticum turgidum, 580–820 thousand years ago. The last two sets of chromosomes came from Aegilops tauschii, 230–430 thousand years ago.[7]

Other Languages
العربية: قمح طري
azərbaycanca: Yumşaq buğda
български: Зимна пшеница
català: Blat xeixa
čeština: Pšenice setá
dansk: Brødhvede
Deutsch: Weichweizen
English: Common wheat
euskara: Gari arrunt
français: Blé tendre
한국어: 보통밀
Hausa: Alkama
hornjoserbsce: Prawa pšeńca
עברית: חיטת הלחם
қазақша: Жұмсақ бидай
Kinyarwanda: Ingano
Кыргызча: Жумшак буудай
Limburgs: Gewoan terf
Nederlands: Gewone tarwe
日本語: パンコムギ
occitan: Blat tendre
پنجابی: عام کنک
Picard: Fourmint
português: Triticum aestivum
sicilianu: Ciaca
slovenščina: Navadna pšenica
suomi: Vehnä
українська: Пшениця м'яка
Tiếng Việt: Triticum aestivum
中文: 普通小麦