Cologne

Cologne

Köln
Cologne Cathedral with Hohenzollern Bridge
Cologne Cathedral with Hohenzollern Bridge
Coat of arms of Cologne
Coat of arms
Cologne is located in Germany
Cologne
Cologne
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CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionCologne
DistrictUrban district
Founded50 AD
Government
 • MayorJ. Roters (SPD)
Area
 • Total405.15 km2 (156.43 sq mi)
Elevation
37 m (121 ft)
Population
(2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,075,935
 • Density2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
50441-51149
Dialling codes0221
www.stadt-koeln.de

Cologne (German: Köln or sometimes Kölle) is a city on the Rhine River in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. About 1,060,000 people live there.

The city was founded by the Romans in the year 50. Before that, it was a Roman castle ("castellum") and a town inhabited by a local German tribe named Ubier at least for 100 years. Archaeologists have found out that the surrounding area was populated already during the stone age.

The most interesting thing to see there is Cologne Cathedral. This church was built from about 1248 to about 1550, but completed only in 1880. The United Nations list it as 'World Cultural Heritage'. Cologne's archbishop Rainald von Dassel brought the relics of the biblical Three Wise Men there in 1164. They are kept in a very beautiful golden shrine in the cathedral. Three golden crowns in the coat of arms of the city symbolize them. They made Cologne a major place of pilgrimage.

Traditionally, the city was always Roman Catholic. That changed only recently after the Second World War,as a result of massive immigration of Protestants from the East of Germany. Still the largest number of people, 41.6%, are Roman Catholic, compared to 17% Protestant. 10% of the people are Muslim.

Cologne is the biggest city in North Rhine-Westphalia. Cologne is in the southern part of the 'Rhine-Ruhr agglomeration' of cities with a combined total population of about 10 million people. This is one of the most densely populated areas of the world.

The University of Cologne alone has more than 50,000 students. It was founded 1919 and is one of the biggest universities in Cologne has one of the busiest train stations in Europe. It is the only train station located next to a big cathedral.

People in Cologne and nearby have their own dialect. They call it Kölsch. During carnival time it even appears on nationwide broadcasts.

Cologne has a handful of broadcasting stations. The Westdeutscher Rundfunk, part of the network ARD, is the biggest producer of television and radio programs in Germany.

Cologne is also famous for Eau de Cologne (Kölnisch Wasser).[2]

Cologne has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Related pages

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Keulen
Alemannisch: Köln
አማርኛ: ኮልን
العربية: كولونيا
azərbaycanca: Köln
تۆرکجه: کولن
বাংলা: কোলন
Bân-lâm-gú: Köln
беларуская: Кёльн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кёльн
български: Кьолн
Boarisch: Köln
bosanski: Köln
brezhoneg: Köln
chiTumbuka: Cologne
Cymraeg: Cwlen
dansk: Köln
Deutsch: Köln
dolnoserbski: Köln
eesti: Köln
Ελληνικά: Κολωνία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Culògna
English: Cologne
Esperanto: Kolonjo
estremeñu: Colonia
فارسی: کلن
français: Cologne
Frysk: Keulen
Gaeilge: Köln
Gaelg: Koloin
Gàidhlig: Köln
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Cologne
한국어: 쾰른
Hausa: Köln
հայերեն: Քյոլն
हिन्दी: कोलोन
hornjoserbsce: Köln
hrvatski: Köln
Ido: Köln
Bahasa Indonesia: Köln
interlingua: Colonia
Interlingue: Köln
Ирон: Кёльн
íslenska: Köln
עברית: קלן
Basa Jawa: Köln
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಲೋನ್
Kapampangan: Cologne
ქართული: კელნი
kaszëbsczi: Kôln
қазақша: Кёльн
Kiswahili: Köln
kurdî: Köln
Кыргызча: Көльн
кырык мары: Кӧльн
latviešu: Ķelne
Lëtzebuergesch: Köln
lietuvių: Kelnas
Ligure: Colonia
Limburgs: Kölle
Lingua Franca Nova: Köln
lumbaart: Colonia
magyar: Köln
македонски: Келн
മലയാളം: കൊളോൺ
मराठी: क्योल्न
Bahasa Melayu: Cologne
монгол: Кёльн
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကိုလုံးမြို့
Nederlands: Keulen (stad)
Nedersaksies: Keulen
日本語: ケルン
нохчийн: Кёльн
Nordfriisk: Köln
norsk: Köln
norsk nynorsk: Köln
occitan: Colonha
олык марий: Кёльн
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kyoln
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਲਨ
پنجابی: کلون
Piemontèis: Colònia
Plattdüütsch: Köln
Ripoarisch: Kölle
română: Köln
Runa Simi: Köln
русский: Кёльн
sardu: Colonia
Scots: Cologne
Seeltersk: Köln
shqip: Këlni
sicilianu: Culonia
سنڌي: ڪولون
slovenčina: Kolín nad Rýnom
slovenščina: Köln
ślůnski: Köln
کوردی: کۆلن
српски / srpski: Келн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Köln
suomi: Köln
svenska: Köln
Tagalog: Cologne
தமிழ்: கோல்ன்
Taqbaylit: Köln
татарча/tatarça: Көлн
తెలుగు: కొలోన్
ไทย: โคโลญ
Türkçe: Köln
Twi: Köln
удмурт: Кёльн
українська: Кельн
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Kolon
vepsän kel’: Köl'n
Tiếng Việt: Köln
Volapük: Köln
Winaray: Colonia
吴语: 科隆
ייִדיש: קעלן
Zazaki: Köln
žemaitėška: Kiolns
中文: 科隆