Climate

Map of world dividing climate zones, largely influenced by latitude. The zones, going from the equator upward (and downward) are Tropical, Dry, Moderate, Continental and Polar. There are subzones within these zones.
Worldwide Climate Classifications
World Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map

Climate means the usual condition of the temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, and other meteorological elements in an area of the Earth's surface for a long time. In simple terms climate is the average condition for about thirty years. Climate and weather are different weather is the day to day conditions in the atmosphere. The types of climates are: Tropical, Dessert/dry, Temperate, Polar, Mediterranean.

  • polar climate (also called boreal climate), characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and short summers.
  • Temperate climates have four seasons. Some of the countries which have a temperate climate are: Turkey, and most of the European countries.
  • Deserts. They just have one or two seasons such as: Saudi Arabia and most of the African countries.
  • The Mediterranean climate is usually hot and dry in summer, and is cool and wet in winter. An example of a country with a Mediterranean climate is Spain.

The latitude, ground, and height can change the climate of a location. It is also important to note if oceans or other large bodies of water are nearby. Climates are most commonly classified by temperature and precipitation. The most commonly used classification was the Köppen climate classification, first made by Wladimir Köppen. The Thornthwaite system,[1] which was used from 1948, not only uses temperature and precipitation information, but evapotranspiration too. This makes it useful for studying how many different kinds of animal species there are, and about the things that could happen when climates change. The Bergeron and Spatial Synoptic Classification systems focus more on where the air masses which help make climates come from.

Climates can change after a long time. Recently, the world may be becoming warmer, as is discussed in global warming.

See also: Köppen's climate classification scheme

  • references

References

  1. C. W. Thornthwaite, "An Approach Toward a Rational Classification of Climate", Geographical Review, 38:55-94, 1948
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Klimaat
Alemannisch: Klima
Ænglisc: Medumweder
العربية: مناخ
aragonés: Clima
armãneashti: Climâ
অসমীয়া: জলবায়ু
asturianu: Clima
Avañe'ẽ: Ararova
azərbaycanca: İqlim
বাংলা: জলবায়ু
Bân-lâm-gú: Khì-hāu
башҡортса: Климат
беларуская: Клімат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Клімат
भोजपुरी: जलवायु
български: Климат
Boarisch: Klima
bosanski: Klima
brezhoneg: Hin
català: Clima
Cebuano: Klima
čeština: Podnebí
Cymraeg: Hinsawdd
dansk: Klima
Deutsch: Klima
eesti: Kliima
Ελληνικά: Κλίμα
English: Climate
español: Clima
Esperanto: Klimato
estremeñu: Climi
euskara: Klima
فارسی: اقلیم
français: Climat
Frysk: Klimaat
Gaeilge: Aeráid
Gàidhlig: Gnàth-shìde
galego: Clima
한국어: 기후
հայերեն: Կլիմա
हिन्दी: जलवायु
hrvatski: Klima
Ido: Klimato
Ilokano: Klima
Bahasa Indonesia: Iklim
interlingua: Climate
íslenska: Loftslag
italiano: Clima
עברית: אקלים
Basa Jawa: Iklim
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವಾಯುಗುಣ
къарачай-малкъар: Климат
ქართული: კლიმატი
қазақша: Климат
Kiswahili: Tabianchi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Klima
kurdî: Avhewa
Кыргызча: Климат
Latina: Clima
latviešu: Klimats
Lëtzebuergesch: Klima
lietuvių: Klimatas
Limburgs: Klimaat
magyar: Éghajlat
македонски: Клима
Malagasy: Toe-tany
მარგალური: კლიმატი
Bahasa Melayu: Iklim
Mirandés: Clima
монгол: Уур амьсгал
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရာသီဥတု
Nederlands: Klimaat
नेपाल भाषा: लःफय्
日本語: 気候
нохчийн: Климат
Nordfriisk: Kliima
norsk: Klima
norsk nynorsk: Klima
occitan: Clima
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Iqlim
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੌਣਪਾਣੀ
پنجابی: کلائمیٹ
Papiamentu: Klima
Patois: Klaimit
Plattdüütsch: Klima
polski: Klimat
português: Clima
Qaraqalpaqsha: Klimat
română: Climat
русиньскый: Клімат
русский: Климат
sardu: Clima
Scots: Climate
Seeltersk: Klima
shqip: Klima
sicilianu: Clima
සිංහල: දේශගුණය
سنڌي: آبھوا
slovenčina: Podnebie (klíma)
slovenščina: Podnebje
Soomaaliga: Cimilo
کوردی: ئاووھەوا
српски / srpski: Клима
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Klima
Basa Sunda: Iklim
suomi: Ilmasto
svenska: Klimat
Tagalog: Klima
татарча/tatarça: Климат
тоҷикӣ: Иқлим
Türkçe: İklim
українська: Клімат
اردو: آب و ہوا
Vahcuengh: Heiqhaeuh
vèneto: Clima
Tiếng Việt: Khí hậu
Võro: Kliima
Winaray: Klema
吴语: 氣候
Xitsonga: Tinguva
ייִדיש: קלימאט
粵語: 氣候
Zazaki: İklım
žemaitėška: Klimats
中文: 氣候