English: City

The medieval city of Sienna with its town square and magnificent town hall. A modern suburb can be seen in the background.

A city is a place where many people live together.

A city has many buildings and streets. It has houses or apartments for many people to live, shops where they may buy things, places for people to work and a government organisation to run the city, and to keep law and order in the city. People live in cities because it is easy for them to find and do the things they want there. A city usually has a "city centre" where government and business take place, and places called suburbs where people live around the outside of the centre.


Tirana, capital of Albania

There is no rule that is used all over the world to decide why some places are called "city" and other places are called "town".

Some things that make a city are:

In American English, people often call all places where many people live cities.[1] (See below: Size of cities)

Size of cities

The River Thames is part of London's transport system. This picture shows the "City of London".
Tokyo, is the world's most populous metropolitan area.

The sizes of cities can be very different. This depends on the type of city that it is. Cities that were built hundreds of years ago and which have not changed much, are very much smaller than modern cities. There are two main reasons. One reason is that old cities often have a city wall, and most of the city is inside it. Another important reason is that the streets in old cities are often narrow. If the city got too big, it was hard for a cart carrying food to get to the market place. People in cities need food, and the food always has to come from outside the city. Cities that were on a river like London could grow much bigger than cities that were on a mountain like Sienna in Italy, because the river made a transport route for carrying food and other goods, as well as for transporting people. London has been changing continually for hundreds of years, while Siena, which was a very important city in the 1300s has changed very little in 700 years. Modern cities with modern transport systems can grow very large, because the streets are wide enough for cars, buses and trucks, and there are often railway lines as well.

In the US, the word city is often used for towns that are not very big. When the first European people went to America, they gave the name "city" to new places. They hoped the places would be great cities in the future. For example, Salt Lake City was the name given to a village of 148 people. When they started building the town they made street plans and called it Great Salt Lake City (for the nearby Great Salt Lake). Now, 150 years later, it really is a big city.

In modern times many cities have grown bigger and bigger. The whole area is often called a "metropolis" and can sometimes includes several small ancient towns and villages. The metropolis of London includes the City of London, the City of Westminster and many old villages such as Notting Hill, Southwark, Richmond, Greenwich and etc. The part that is officially known as the "City of London" only takes up one square mile. The rest is known as "Greater London". Many other cities have grown in the same way.

These giant cities can be exciting places to live, and many people can find good jobs there, but modern cities also have many problems. Many people cannot find jobs in the cities and have to get money by begging or by crime. Cars, factories, and waste create a lot of pollution that makes people sick. the smallest city is Urban history

Carcassonne is an ancient city in France.

Urban History is history of civilization. The first cities were made in ancient times, as soon as people began to create civilization. Famous ancient cities which fell to ruins included Babylon, Troy, Mycenae and Mohenjo Daro.

Benares in northern India is one among the ancient cities which has a history of more 3000 years. Other cities that have existed since ancient times are Athens in Greece, Rome and Volterra in Italy, Alexandria in Egypt and York in England.

In Europe, in the Middle Ages, being a city was a special privilege, granted by nobility. Cities that fall into this category, usually had (or still have) city walls. The people who lived in the city were privileged over those who did not. Medieval cities that still have walls include Carcassonne in France, Tehran in Iran, Toledo in Spain and Canterbury in England.

In the United Kingdom, a city is a town which people have always called a city, or which has got the name "city" status by royal charter (a special paper from the king or queen). Cities usually get this because they have a special number of people or are important. In the past, cities got that name if they had a cathedral or a university. Some cathedral cities, for example St David's, are small, and people do not normally think of them as cities. Cities that became cities because of their university generally grow because more people move there to be educated at the university colleges. The university cities of Oxford and Cambridge are famous throughout the world. The largest city is Shanghai, while the fastest growing is Dubai. The smallest city in the UK is Wells.

World's largest cities

In Rio de Janeiro, a city famous for its beauty, large slums lie between the richest districts. Many of the world's large cities have areas of poverty like this.
The capital of the Malaysian province of Kuala. The capital is Kuala Lampar.

These cities have more than 10 million people:

Gallery of cities


  1. In the USA, on forms (papers asking for information), the word "City" is generally used for the place where a person lives, even if the person who wants to write in the form might live in a city, a town, or a village or hamlet (a very small village).
Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Къалэ
Afrikaans: Stad
Alemannisch: Stadt
አማርኛ: ከተማ
Ænglisc: Burg
Аҧсшәа: Ақалақь
العربية: مدينة
aragonés: Ciudat
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܕܝܢܬܐ
armãneashti: Câsâbă
arpetan: Vela
অসমীয়া: চহৰ
asturianu: Ciudá
Avañe'ẽ: Táva
авар: Шагьар
Aymar aru: Marka
azərbaycanca: Şəhər
تۆرکجه: شهر
বাংলা: শহর
Banjar: Kuta
Bân-lâm-gú: Siâⁿ-chhī
башҡортса: Ҡала
беларуская: Горад
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Горад
भोजपुरी: शहर
Bikol Central: Syudad
български: Град
Boarisch: Stod
བོད་ཡིག: གྲོང་ཁྱེར།
brezhoneg: Kêr
буряад: Хото
català: Ciutat
Чӑвашла: Хула
Cebuano: Dakbayan
čeština: Město
Chamoru: Dangkulo
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ciudad
chiShona: Guta
Cymraeg: Dinas
dansk: By
Deitsch: Schtadt
Deutsch: Stadt
eesti: Linn
Ελληνικά: Πόλη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Sitê
English: City
español: Ciudad
Esperanto: Urbo
estremeñu: Ciá
euskara: Hiri
فارسی: شهر
Fiji Hindi: City
føroyskt: Býur
français: Ville
Frysk: Stêd
furlan: Citât
Gaelg: Caayr
Gagauz: Kasaba
Gàidhlig: Baile mòr
galego: Cidade
ГӀалгӀай: Пхьа
贛語: 城市
Gĩkũyũ: Cĩtĩ
ગુજરાતી: શહેર
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sàng-sṳ
한국어: 도시
Hawaiʻi: Kūlanakauhale
հայերեն: Քաղաք
हिन्दी: शहर
hornjoserbsce: Město
hrvatski: Grad
Ido: Urbo
Igbo: Okeama
Ilokano: Siudad
Bahasa Indonesia: Kota
interlingua: Citate
Interlingue: Cité
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓄᓇᓖᑦ
Ирон: Сахар
íslenska: Borg
italiano: Città
עברית: עיר
Jawa: Kutha
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನಗರ
къарачай-малкъар: Шахар
ქართული: დიდი ქალაქი
қазақша: Қала
Kiswahili: Jiji
коми: Кар
Kreyòl ayisyen: Vil
kriyòl gwiyannen: Vil
kurdî: Bajar
Кыргызча: Шаар
Ladino: Sivdad
лакку: Шагьру
Latina: Urbs
latviešu: Pilsēta
Lëtzebuergesch: Stad
лезги: Шегьер
lietuvių: Miestas
Limburgs: Sjtad
lingála: Engumba
Livvinkarjala: Linnu
la .lojban.: tcadu
lumbaart: Cità
magyar: Város
मैथिली: शहर
македонски: Град
Malagasy: Tanàna
മലയാളം: നഗരം
Māori: Tāone
मराठी: शहर
مصرى: مدينه
مازِرونی: شهر
Bahasa Melayu: Bandar raya
Minangkabau: Kota
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Siàng-chê
Mirandés: Cidade
монгол: Хот
Nāhuatl: Altepetl
Dorerin Naoero: Tekawa
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Siti
Nederlands: Stad
Nedersaksies: Stad (woonstee)
नेपाली: सहर
नेपाल भाषा: नगर
日本語: 都市
Napulitano: Cità
нохчийн: ГӀала
Nordfriisk: Stääd
Norfuk / Pitkern: Citii
norsk: By
norsk nynorsk: Storby
Nouormand: Cité
occitan: Vila
олык марий: Ола
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shahar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ਹਿਰ
پنجابی: شہر
Patois: Siti
Plattdüütsch: Stadt
polski: Miasto
Ποντιακά: Πόλη
português: Cidade
qırımtatarca: Şeer
Ripoarisch: Stadt
română: Oraș
romani čhib: Foro
Runa Simi: Hatun llaqta
русиньскый: Місто
русский: Город
саха тыла: Куорат
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ
Scots: Ceety
shqip: Qyteti
sicilianu: Citati
සිංහල: නගර
سنڌي: شهر
slovenčina: Mesto (všeobecne)
slovenščina: Mesto
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Градъ
ślůnski: Mjasto
Soomaaliga: Caasimad
کوردی: شار
српски / srpski: Град
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Grad
Sunda: Kota
suomi: Kaupunki
svenska: Stad
Tagalog: Lungsod
தமிழ்: மாநகரம்
Taqbaylit: Tamdint
tarandíne: Cetata granne
татарча/tatarça: Шәһәр
ไทย: นคร
тоҷикӣ: Шаҳр
Türkçe: Şehir
українська: Місто
اردو: شہر
vèneto: Sità
vepsän kel’: Lidn
Tiếng Việt: Thành phố
Volapük: Zif
Võro: Liin
West-Vlams: Stad
Winaray: Syudad
吴语: 城市
Xitsonga: Dorobha
ייִדיש: שטאט
Yorùbá: Ìlú
粵語: 城市
Zazaki: Sûke
Zeêuws: Stad
žemaitėška: Miests
中文: 城市