Church

A church in Ethiopia

The information that follows applies mostly to the historical practice of the Church of England. A church is a building that was constructed to allow people to meet to worship together. These people are usually Christians, or influenced by Christianity. Some other religious groups also call their religious buildings churches.[1][2]

Depending on the number of people that are in a community, the churches come in different sizes. Small churches are called chapels. The churches in a particular geographical area form a group called the diocese. Each diocese has a cathedral. In most cases, the cathedral is a very big church. Cathedrals are the seat of bishops.

History of church buildings

An old English church showing Saxon architecture (rounded end)
Aberlady Church near Edinburgh, Scotland
Small church in Ohio
Lindenberg Church, near Berlin, Germany is a 13th century church.
Inside the transept of the Cathedral of Évora, Portugal
Speyer Cathedral, the largest Romanesque building still in existence.
La Madeleine, Paris is one of the main sights in Paris, France

In the early days of Christianity people had to worship in secret. Christian worship was not allowed in the Roman empire, so Christians had to meet in a secret place. Sometimes they met in people’s houses or barns, sometimes they met underground. The first places that were built for Christian worship were small chapels that were cut into a rock where people could worship without being discovered.

After the death of the Roman emperor Constantine in 337 A.D. Christians were allowed to have buildings to worship in. These first churches were built on a similar plan to Roman basilicas. This plan was later used for the fine Gothic cathedrals and churches that were built at the end of the Middle Ages.

Other Languages
Acèh: Geurija
Afrikaans: Kerk (gebou)
Alemannisch: Kirche (Bauwerk)
العربية: كنيسة
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܥܕܬܐ
armãneashti: Bisearicâ
Avañe'ẽ: Tupão
авар: ГьатІан
azərbaycanca: Kilsə
বাংলা: গির্জা
Bahasa Banjar: Geréja
Bân-lâm-gú: Lé-pài-tn̂g
беларуская: Царква
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Царква
български: Църква
bosanski: Crkva
brezhoneg: Iliz (savadur)
Cebuano: Simbahan
čeština: Kostel
chiShona: Kereke
Cymraeg: Eglwys
davvisámegiella: Girku
Deitsch: Kaerich
føroyskt: Kirkja (hús)
Frysk: Tsjerke
Gaelg: Keeill
ГӀалгӀай: Киназ (гIишло)
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌹𐌺𐌺𐌻𐌴𐍃𐌾𐍉
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: इगर्ज (चर्च)
한국어: 교회당
हिन्दी: गिरजाघर
hrvatski: Crkva
Igbo: Ulo uka
Bahasa Indonesia: Gereja (gedung)
Ирон: Аргъуан
עברית: כנסייה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚರ್ಚ್
ქართული: ეკლესია
қазақша: Шіркеу
кырык мары: Кирха
Ladino: Kilisia
Lëtzebuergesch: Kierch
lietuvių: Bažnyčia
Limburgs: Kèrk (geboew)
lingála: Ndáko Nzámbe
Lingua Franca Nova: Eglesa
मैथिली: गिरजाघर
македонски: Црква (објект)
മലയാളം: പള്ളി
मराठी: चर्च
მარგალური: ოხვამე
مصرى: كنيسه
Nāhuatl: Teopantli
Nederlands: Kerkgebouw
Nedersaksies: Kaark (gebouw)
नेपाली: गिर्जाघर
日本語: 教会堂
norsk: Kirke
norsk nynorsk: Kyrkje
Nouormand: Égllise
олык марий: Черке
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Cherkov
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗਿਰਜਾ
پنجابی: گرجا
Tok Pisin: Sios
Plattdüütsch: Kark (Huus)
português: Igreja (edifício)
Ripoarisch: Kirch
Runa Simi: Iñichiq wasi
русиньскый: Церьков (храм)
Scots: Kirk
Setswana: Kereke (Dikago)
shqip: Kisha
سنڌي: گرجا گهر
slovenčina: Kostol
slovenščina: Cerkev (zgradba)
Soomaaliga: Kaniisad
српски / srpski: Црква (грађевина)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Crkva (zgrada)
Basa Sunda: Garéja
svenska: Kyrka
తెలుగు: చర్చి
тоҷикӣ: Калисо
Türkçe: Kilise
українська: Церква (будівля)
اردو: گرجا گھر
Tiếng Việt: Nhà thờ Kitô giáo
West-Vlams: Kerkgebouw
Winaray: Singbahan
吴语: 教堂
ייִדיש: קלויסטער
粵語: 教堂
Zazaki: Kılise
žemaitėška: Bažninčė
中文: 教堂