China

People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
National Emblem
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official languagesStandard Chinese[2][b]
Recognised regional languages
Official written languageVernacular Chinese
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[2]
Ethnic groups
  • 91.51% Han[3]
DemonymChinese
GovernmentSocialist, Single-party state[4]
Xi Jinping[d]
• Premier
Li Keqiang
• Congress Chairman
Zhang Dejiang
• Conference Chairman
Yu Zhengsheng
• First-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat
Liu Yunshan
• Secretary of Discipline Inspection Commission
Wang Qishan
• First Vice Premier
Zhang Gaoli
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
• First Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[e] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
0.28%[f]
Population
• 2015 estimate
1,376,049,000[9] (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852[10] (1st)
• Density
[convert: invalid number] (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$23.159 trillion[12] (1st)
• Per capita
$16,660[12] (83rd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total

$12.015 trillion (IMF)[12]


$12.84 trillion (China NBS)[13][14] (2nd)
• Per capita
$8,643[12] (74th)
Gini (2012)55.0[15][16]
high
HDI (2013)Increase 0.719[17]
high · 91st
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan)(¥)[g] (CNY)
Time zoneChina Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright[h]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD
  • .cn
  • .中國
  • .中国

China (simplified Chinese: 中国; traditional Chinese: 中國; Pinyin: Zhōngguó) is a cultural region, an ancient civilization, and a nation in East Asia.

The last Chinese Civil War (1927-1949) resulted in two different political powers today, even though both governments agree they are one nation:

China has one of the world's oldest civilizations and has the oldest continuous civilization.[18] It has archaeological evidence over 5,000 years old.[19] It also has one of the world's oldest writing systems (and the oldest in use today), and is viewed as the source of many major inventions.[19]

Origins

The first recorded use of the word "China" is dated 1555.[nb 1][20] It is derived from chīnī, a Persian adjective meaning 'Chinese' which was popularized in Europe by Marco Polo.[20][21]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: China
አማርኛ: ቻይና
Ænglisc: Cīna
العربية: الصين (منطقة)
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܨܝܢ (ܐܪܥܐ)
arpetan: Ch·ina
Aymar aru: China
Bân-lâm-gú: Tiong-kok
བོད་ཡིག: རྒྱ་ནག
brezhoneg: Sina
català: Xina
čeština: Čína
Cymraeg: Tsieina
Deitsch: Tscheine
Deutsch: China
ཇོང་ཁ: རྒྱ་ནག
español: China (región)
Esperanto: Ĉinio
français: Monde chinois
Gaeilge: An tSín
Gaelg: Yn Çheen
贛語: 中國
گیلکی: چین
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chûng-koet
한국어: 중국
हिन्दी: चीन
Bahasa Indonesia: Tiongkok (istilah)
íslenska: Kína
עברית: סין (אזור)
Basa Jawa: Cina
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚೀನಾ
kernowek: China
Bahasa Melayu: China
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dṳ̆ng-guók
Nederlands: China
日本語: 中国
norsk: Kina
norsk nynorsk: Kina
Nouormand: Chinne
पालि: चीन
Patois: Chaina
Picard: Kine
polski: Chiny
română: China
Runa Simi: Chunwa
русиньскый: Китай
संस्कृतम्: चीन
slovenščina: Kitajska
српски / srpski: Кина (регион)
Basa Sunda: Tiongkok (istilah)
svenska: Kina (region)
ತುಳು: ಚೀನಾ
Türkçe: Çin (bölge)
українська: Китай
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: خىتاي
Tiếng Việt: Trung Quốc (khu vực)
Võro: Hiina
walon: Chine
文言: 中國
Winaray: Tsina
吴语: 中國
Yorùbá: Ṣáínà
粵語: 中國
中文: 中國