China

People's Republic of China

  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
National Emblem
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official languagesStandard Chinese[2][b]
Recognised regional languages
Official written language
Vernacular Chinese
Official script
Simplified Chinese[2]
Ethnic groups
  • 91.51% Han[3]
Demonym(s)Chinese
GovernmentSocialist, Single-party state[4]
Xi Jinping[d]
• Premier
Li Keqiang
• Congress Chairman
Zhang Dejiang
• Conference Chairman
Yu Zhengsheng
• First-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat
Liu Yunshan
• Secretary of Discipline Inspection Commission
Wang Qishan
• First Vice Premier
Zhang Gaoli
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
• First Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[e] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
0.28%[f]
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,403,500,365[9] (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852[10] (1st)
• Density
[convert: invalid number] (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$27.449 trillion[12] (1st)
• Per capita
$19,559[12] (79rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$15.543 trillion (IMF)[12]
$15.224 trillion (China NBS)[13][14] (2nd)
• Per capita
$11,074[12] (70th)
Gini (2015)46.2[15][16]
high
HDI (2017)Increase 0.752[17]
high · 86st
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan)(¥)[g] (CNY)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
Driving sideright[h]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD
  • .cn
  • .中國
  • .中国

China (simplified Chinese: 中国; traditional Chinese: 中國; Pinyin: Zhōngguó) is a cultural region, an ancient civilization, and a nation in East Asia.

The last Chinese Civil War (1927–1949) resulted in two different political powers today:

China is one of the world's oldest civilizations: it has the oldest continuous civilization.[18] There is archaeological evidence over 5,000 years old.[19] China also has one of the world's oldest writing systems (and the oldest in use today). China has been the source of many major inventions.[19]

Origins

The first recorded use of the word "China" is dated 1555.[nb 1][20] It is derived from chīnī, a Persian adjective meaning 'Chinese' which was popularized in Europe by Marco Polo.[20][21]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: China
አማርኛ: ቻይና
Ænglisc: Cīna
العربية: الصين (منطقة)
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܨܝܢ (ܐܪܥܐ)
arpetan: Ch·ina
Aymar aru: China
Bân-lâm-gú: Tiong-kok (iōng-gí)
བོད་ཡིག: རྒྱ་ནག
brezhoneg: Sina
català: Xina
Cymraeg: Tsieina
Deitsch: Tscheine
Deutsch: China
ཇོང་ཁ: རྒྱ་ནག
español: China (región)
Esperanto: Ĉinio
Gaeilge: An tSín
Gaelg: Yn Çheen
贛語: 中國
گیلکی: چین
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chûng-koet
한국어: 중국
हिन्दी: चीन
Bahasa Indonesia: Tiongkok (istilah)
עברית: סין (אזור)
Jawa: Cina
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚೀನಾ
kernowek: China
Bahasa Melayu: China
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dṳ̆ng-guók
Nederlands: China
日本語: 中国
norsk nynorsk: Kina
Nouormand: Chinne
पालि: चीन
Patois: Chaina
Picard: Kine
polski: Chiny
română: China
Runa Simi: Chunwa
русиньскый: Китай
संस्कृतम्: चीन
slovenščina: Kitajska
српски / srpski: Кина (регион)
Basa Sunda: Tiongkok (istilah)
svenska: Kina (region)
ತುಳು: ಚೀನಾ
Türkçe: Çin (bölge)
українська: Китай
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: خىتاي
Vahcuengh: Cunghgoz
Tiếng Việt: Trung Quốc (khu vực)
Võro: Hiina
walon: Chine
文言: 中國
Winaray: Tsina
吴语: 中國
Yorùbá: Ṣáínà
粵語: 中國
中文: 中國