Cat
English: Cat

Domestic cat
Cat poster 1.jpg
Various types of domestic cat
Domesticated
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Feliformia
Family:Felidae
Subfamily:Felinae
Genus:Felis
Species:
F. catus[1]
Binomial name
Felis catus[1]
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • F. catus domesticus Erxleben, 1777[2]
  • F. angorensis Gmelin, 1788
  • F. vulgaris Fischer, 1829

Cats, also called domestic cats (Felis catus), are small, carnivorous (meat-eating) mammals, of the family Felidae. Domestic cats are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets.

Cats have been domesticated (tamed) for nearly 10,000 years.[3] They are one of the most popular pets in the world. Their origin is probably the African Wildcat Felis silvestris lybica.

Cats were probably first kept because they ate mice, and this is still their main 'job' in farms throughout the world. Later they were kept because they are friendly and good companions.

A cat is sometimes called a kitty. A young cat is called a kitten. A female cat that has not had its sex organs removed is called a queen. A male cat that has not had its sex organs removed is called a tom.

Domestic cats are found in shorthair, longhair, and hairless breeds. Cats which are not specific breeds can be referred to as 'domestic shorthair' (DSH) or 'domestic longhair' (DLH).

The word 'cat' is also used for other felines. Felines are usually called either big cats or small cats. The big, wild cats are well known: lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars, pumas, and cheetahs. There are small, wild cats in most parts of the world, such as the lynx in northern Europe. The big cats and wild cats are not tame, and can be very dangerous.

History

Past range of Felis silvestris.

In the past, most notably in Egypt, people kept domestic cats because they hunted and ate mice and rats. Today, people often keep cats as pets. There are also domestic cats which live without being cared for by people. These kinds of cats are called "feral cats".

The oldest evidence of cats kept as pets is from the Mediterranean island of Cyprus, around 7500 BC. Ancient Egyptians worshipped cats as gods, and often mummified them so they could be with their owners "for all of eternity".

Today, special food for cats is widely available in the developed countries. Proper feeding will help a cat live longer compared to hunting or being fed table scraps. Not correctly feeding a cat can lead to problems (see below for health concerns).

Cats cannot taste sweet foods (with sugar) because of a mutation (change) in their ancestors which removed the ability to taste sweet things.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kat
Alemannisch: Hauskatze
አማርኛ: ድመት
Ænglisc: Catte
Аҧсшәа: Ацгәы
العربية: قط
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܩܛܐ
armãneashti: Câtuși
arpetan: Chat
অসমীয়া: মেকুৰী
Atikamekw: Minoc
Avañe'ẽ: Mbarakaja
авар: Кето
Aymar aru: Phisi
azərbaycanca: Ev pişiyi
تۆرکجه: پیشیک
bamanankan: Jakuma
বাংলা: বিড়াল
Bân-lâm-gú: Niau
башҡортса: Бесәй
беларуская: Кот свойскі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кот
भोजपुरी: बिलार
Bikol Central: Ikos
български: Котка
Boarisch: Hauskotz
བོད་ཡིག: ཞི་མི།
bosanski: Mačka
brezhoneg: Kazh
буряад: Миисгэй
català: Gat
Чӑвашла: Кушак
Cebuano: Iring
čeština: Kočka domácí
chiShona: Katsi
corsu: Ghjattu
Cymraeg: Cath
dansk: Kat
davvisámegiella: Bussá
Deutsch: Hauskatze
Diné bizaad: Mósí
dolnoserbski: Domacna kócka
eesti: Kass
Ελληνικά: Γάτα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Gàt
English: Cat
эрзянь: Катка
Esperanto: Hejma kato
euskara: Katu
فارسی: گربه
Fiji Hindi: Pusi
føroyskt: Kettur
français: Chat
Frysk: Kat
furlan: Gjat
Gaeilge: Cat
Gaelg: Kayt
Gàidhlig: Cat
galego: Gato
ГӀалгӀай: Циск
贛語:
گیلکی: پیچا
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌺𐌰𐍄𐍄𐌿𐍃
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Meu-é
хальмг: Мис
한국어: 고양이
Hausa: Kyanwa
Hawaiʻi: Pōpoki
հայերեն: Կատուներ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Կատուներ
हिन्दी: बिल्ली
hornjoserbsce: Domjaca kóčka
hrvatski: Domaća mačka
Bahasa Hulontalo: Tete
Ido: Kato
Ilokano: Pusa
Bahasa Indonesia: Kucing
interlingua: Catto domestic
Iñupiak: Kitiuraq
Ирон: Гæды
isiXhosa: Ikati
isiZulu: Ikati
íslenska: Köttur
עברית: חתול הבית
Jawa: Kucing
Kabɩyɛ: Pɩyaʊ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬೆಕ್ಕು
Kapampangan: Pusa
ქართული: შინაური კატა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بیٲر
kaszëbsczi: Kòt
қазақша: Мысық
kernowek: Kath
Kinyarwanda: Injangwe
Kiswahili: Paka-kaya
коми: Кань
Kongo: Nyawu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Chat
kurdî: Pisîk
Кыргызча: Мышык
Ladino: Gato
лакку: Ччиту
ລາວ: ແມວ
latgaļu: Kačs
Latina: Feles
latviešu: Kaķis
Lëtzebuergesch: Hauskaz
лезги: Кац
lietuvių: Katė
Limburgs: Hoeskat
lingála: Nkɔ́ndɔkɔ́
Lingua Franca Nova: Gato
Livvinkarjala: Kaži
la .lojban.: mlatu
magyar: Macska
македонски: Мачка
Malagasy: Saka
മലയാളം: പൂച്ച
Malti: Qattus
मराठी: मांजर
مصرى: قطه
مازِرونی: بامشی
Bahasa Melayu: Kucing
Minangkabau: Kuciang
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄:
Mirandés: Gato
мокшень: Ката
монгол: Муур
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကြောင် (တိရစ္ဆာန်)
Nāhuatl: Mizton
Dorerin Naoero: Butsi
Nederlands: Kat (dier)
Nedersaksies: Kat
नेपाली: बिरालो
नेपाल भाषा: भौ
日本語: ネコ
нохчийн: Цициг
Nordfriisk: Kaat
norsk: Tamkatt
norsk nynorsk: Katt
Nouormand: Cat
олык марий: Пырыс
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mushuk
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਿੱਲੀ
پنجابی: بلی
پښتو: پيشو
Patois: Pus
Перем Коми: Кань
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឆ្មា
Picard: Cot
Piemontèis: Gat
Plattdüütsch: Katt
polski: Kot domowy
português: Gato
romani čhib: Magodja
rumantsch: Giat
Runa Simi: Michi
русиньскый: Мачка
русский: Кошка
саха тыла: Куоска
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱯᱩᱥᱤ
संस्कृतम्: मार्जालः
sardu: Felis
Scots: Cat
Seeltersk: Kat
Sesotho: Katse
Sesotho sa Leboa: Katse
shqip: Macja
sicilianu: Jattu
සිංහල: බළලා
سنڌي: ٻلي
SiSwati: Likati
slovenčina: Mačka domáca
slovenščina: Domača mačka
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Котъ
ślůnski: Kot
Soomaaliga: Yaanyuur
کوردی: پشیلە
Sranantongo: Puspusi
српски / srpski: Мачка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mačka
ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး : မႅဝ်း
Sunda: Ucing
suomi: Kissa
svenska: Katt
Tagalog: Pusa
தமிழ்: பூனை
Taqbaylit: Amcic
татарча/tatarça: Мәче
తెలుగు: పిల్లి
ไทย: แมว
тоҷикӣ: Гурба
lea faka-Tonga: Pusi
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏪᏌ
ತುಳು: ಪುಚ್ಚೆ
Türkçe: Kedi
тыва дыл: Диис
удмурт: Коӵыш
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Meong
українська: Кіт свійський
اردو: بلی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مۈشۈك
Vahcuengh: Meuz
vèneto: Gato
vepsän kel’: Kaži
Tiếng Việt: Mèo
Volapük: Kat
Võro: Kass
walon: Tchet
文言:
West-Vlams: Katte
Winaray: Misay
Wolof: Muus
吴语:
ייִדיש: קאץ
Yorùbá: Ológbò
粵語:
Zazaki: Pısıng
žemaitėška: Katie
中文: