Cardinal (Catholicism)

Cardinal is a clerical office in the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are counselors of the pope.[1]

Pope Innocent IV granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red hat was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.[2]

College of Cardinals

The collective name for cardinals is college of cardinals. They meet in a Papal conclave to elect a new Pope.[1]

When there is no pope, the cardinals directs the day-to-day affairs of the Church.[1]

Other Languages
العربية: كاردينال
asturianu: Cardenal
azərbaycanca: Kardinal
Bân-lâm-gú: Chhu-ki-kheng
беларуская: Кардынал
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кардынал
български: Кардинал
brezhoneg: Kardinal
català: Cardenal
čeština: Kardinál
Deutsch: Kardinal
eesti: Kardinal
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Cardinäl
español: Cardenal
Esperanto: Kardinalo
فارسی: کاردینال
Gaeilge: Cairdinéal
Gàidhlig: Càirdeanal
galego: Cardeal
한국어: 추기경
հայերեն: Կարդինալ
hrvatski: Kardinal
Bahasa Indonesia: Kardinal
íslenska: Kardináli
italiano: Cardinale
עברית: חשמן
қазақша: Кардинал
Kiswahili: Kardinali
Кыргызча: Кардинал
Latina: Cardinalis
latviešu: Kardināls
Lëtzebuergesch: Kardinol
lietuvių: Kardinolas
lumbaart: Cardinal
magyar: Bíboros
македонски: Кардинал
മലയാളം: കർദ്ദിനാൾ
Malti: Kardinal
монгол: Кардинал
日本語: 枢機卿
norsk: Kardinal
norsk nynorsk: Kardinal
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Cardinale
Plattdüütsch: Kardinal
polski: Kardynał
português: Cardeal
română: Cardinal
русский: Кардинал
slovenčina: Kardinál
slovenščina: Kardinal
српски / srpski: Кардинал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kardinal
suomi: Kardinaali
svenska: Kardinal
Türkçe: Kardinal
українська: Кардинал
اردو: کارڈینل
vèneto: Cardinałe
Tiếng Việt: Hồng y
吴语: 枢机主教
粵語: 樞機
žemaitėška: Kardėnuols
中文: 樞機