Car classification

Governments and private organizations have developed car classifications that are used for a number of purposes. These include regulation, description and categorization, among others. The following are commonly used classifications in use worldwide:

Car classificationLua error in Module:Navbar at line 62: Invalid title Vehicle Classification].
Not Well Defined / VernacularDefined by Law or RegulationExamples
Market Segment (American English)Market Segment (British English)Market Segment (Australian English)[1]US EPA Size Class[2]Euro NCAP Structural Category[3]Euro NCAP Class (1997 - 2009)Euro Market Segment[4]
MicrocarMicrocar, Bubble carN/AN/AQuadricycleA-segment mini carsBond Bug, Isetta, Mega City, Renault Twizy
Subcompact car
Economy car
City carMicrocarMinicompactPassenger carSuperminiCitroën C1, Fiat 500, Hyundai Eon, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Renault Twingo
SuperminiLight CarSubcompactB-segment small carsFord Fiesta, Kia Rio, Opel Corsa, Peugeot 208, Volkswagen Polo
Compact carSmall family carSmall CarCompactSmall family carC-segment medium carsHonda Civic, Mazda3, Peugeot 308, Renault Mégane, Toyota Corolla
Mid-size carLarge family carMedium CarMid-sizeLarge family carD-segment large carsChevrolet Malibu, Ford Fusion, Peugeot 508, Subaru Legacy, Volkswagen Passat
Entry-level luxury carCompact executive carMedium Car above $60,000N/AAcura ILX, Alfa Romeo Giulia, Audi A4, Lexus ES, Mercedes-Benz C-Class
Full-size carExecutive carLarge CarLargeExecutiveE-segment executive carsChevrolet Impala, Ford Taurus, Mazda Xedos 9, Hyundai Grandeur, Holden Commodore, first and second generation
Mid-size luxury carLarge Car above $70,000N/AAudi A6, Cadillac CTS, Chrysler 300, Tesla Model S, Acura TLX
Full-size luxury carLuxury carUpper Large Car above $100,000N/AF-segment luxury carsBMW 7 Series, Lincoln Town Car, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Porsche Panamera, Audi A8
Grand tourerGrand tourerSports CarN/AS-segment sports coupésAston Martin DB9, Bentley Continental GT, Ferrari GTC4Lusso, Jaguar XK, Maserati GranTurismo
SupercarSupercarN/ABugatti Veyron, LaFerrari, Lamborghini Aventador, Pagani Zonda, Porsche 918 Spyder
ConvertibleConvertibleN/ABMW 6 Series, Chevrolet Camaro, Mercedes CLK, Volvo C70, Volkswagen Eos
RoadsterRoadsterTwo-seaterRoadster sportsBMW Z4, Lotus Elise, Mazda MX-5, Porsche Boxster, Mercedes-Benz SLK
Mini MPVN/AMinivanMPVSmall MPVM-segment multi purpose carsCitroen C3 Picasso, Ford B-Max, Opel Meriva, Fiat 500L
MPVCompact MPVPeople MoverChevrolet Orlando, Ford C-Max, Opel Zafira, Renault Scenic, Volkswagen Touran
MinivanLarge MPVLarge MPVChrysler Town and Country, Kia Carnival, Citroën C4 Grand Picasso, Renault Espace, Toyota Sienna
Cargo vanVanVanCargo vanChevrolet Express 1500 Cargo, Fiat Ducato/Ram ProMaster, Ford Transit, Renault Master, Volkswagen Transporter
Passenger vanMinibusPeople MoverPassenger vanChevrolet Express 1500 Passenger, Ford E350 Wagon, Mercedes-Benz Viano
Mini SUVMini 4x4Small SUVSmall Sport Utility VehicleOff-roaderSmall Off-Road 4x4J-segment sport utility cars (including off-road vehicles)Daihatsu Terios, Ford Ecosport, Jeep Renegade, Peugeot 2008, Suzuki Jimny
Compact SUVCompact SUVMedium SUVAlfa Romeo Stelvio, Chevrolet Equinox, Ford Escape, Honda CR-V, Jeep Cherokee, Kia Sportage
Mid-size SUVLarge 4x4Large SUVStandard Sport Utility VehicleLarge Off-Road 4x4Ford Expedition, Hyundai Santa Fe, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Volkswagen Touareg, Volvo XC90
Full-size SUVUpper Large SUVRange Rover, Cadillac Escalade, Toyota Land Cruiser
Mini pickup truckPick-upUteSmall Pickup TruckPickupPick-upChevrolet Montana, Fiat Strada, Renault Duster Oroch, Volkswagen Saveiro
Mid-size pickup truckFord Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, Mitsubishi Triton/L200, Nissan Navara, Toyota Hilux
Full-size pickup truckPickupStandard pickup truckDodge Ram, Ford F-150, GMC Sierra, Nissan Titan, Toyota Tundra
Heavy Duty pickup truckChevrolet Silverado HD, Ram Heavy Duty, Ford Super Duty
Special purpose vehicleLimousineSpecial purpose vehicleLincoln MKT Livery
  • references

References

  1. Alborz, Fallah. "New Car Sales Figures June 2015". Car Advice. Car Advice. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  2. 40 600 Subpart D §315-08
  3. NCAP Comparable cars
  4. Case No COMP/M.1406 - Hyundai / Kia: Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 Merger Procedure: Article 6(1)(b) Non-opposition Date: 17/03/1999
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