Capital city

Beijing, the capital of China, is the largest capital in the world.

A capital city (or capital town or just capital) is a city or town, specified by law or constitution, by the government of a country, or part of a country, such as a state, province or county. It usually serves as the location of the government's central meeting place and offices. Most of the country's leaders and officials work in the capital city.

Size

Capitals are usually among the largest cities in their regions; often they are the biggest. For example, Montevideo is Uruguay's capital as well as its biggest city. The capital city may also be the most important center of commerce, as in London or Bangkok.

However, a capital is not always the largest city in a country. For example, the capital of the India is New Delhi, which is smaller than Mumbai; and the capital of Pakistan is Islamabad, which is smaller than Karachi. Also, in countries with subdivisions like the United States, the capital cities or towns of the federated states are often not the largest or most populated town. For example, New York City is the biggest city in the United States and in New York but is not the capital of either.

An unusual case exists in Canada; the federal capital, Ottawa, is not the largest city in its province, Ontario, which is Toronto. But Toronto happens to be the capital of the province of Ontario. This way, Toronto is both a capital and a non-capital, depending on how you see it, as a city in a country or part of it.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hoofstad
Alemannisch: Hauptstadt
አማርኛ: ዋና ከተማ
Ænglisc: Hēafodstōl
العربية: عاصمة
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܪܫܟܝܬܐ
Avañe'ẽ: Tavusu
azərbaycanca: Paytaxt
تۆرکجه: باشکند
বাংলা: রাজধানী
Bahasa Banjar: Indung banua
Bân-lâm-gú: Siú-to͘
Basa Banyumasan: Ibukota
башҡортса: Баш ҡала
беларуская: Сталіца
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сталіца
भोजपुरी: राजधानी
Bikol Central: Kapitolyo
Bislama: Kapitol
български: Столица
Boarisch: Haptstod
bosanski: Glavni grad
brezhoneg: Kêr-benn
буряад: Ниислэл
català: Capital
Чӑвашла: Тĕп хула
Cebuano: Kapital
čeština: Hlavní město
Cymraeg: Prifddinas
dansk: Hovedstad
davvisámegiella: Oaivegávpot
Deitsch: Haaptschtadt
Deutsch: Hauptstadt
ދިވެހިބަސް: ވެރިރަށް
dolnoserbski: Stolica
eesti: Pealinn
Ελληνικά: Πρωτεύουσα
English: Capital city
Esperanto: Ĉefurbo
فارسی: پایتخت
Fiji Hindi: Capital
føroyskt: Høvuðsstaður
français: Capitale
Frysk: Haadstêd
furlan: Capitâl
Gàidhlig: Prìomh-bhaile
galego: Capital
ગુજરાતી: રાજધાની
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sú-tû
хальмг: Хотл балһсн
한국어: 수도
Hawaiʻi: Kapikala
Հայերեն: Մայրաքաղաք
हिन्दी: राजधानी
hornjoserbsce: Stolica
hrvatski: Glavni grad
Ilokano: Kapitolio
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: রাজধানী
Bahasa Indonesia: Ibu kota
interlingua: Capital
isiXhosa: IKomkhulu
isiZulu: IsiQongo
íslenska: Höfuðborg
עברית: עיר בירה
Basa Jawa: Kutha krajan
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರಾಜಧಾನಿ
къарачай-малкъар: Ара шахар
ქართული: დედაქალაქი
kaszëbsczi: Stolëca
қазақша: Елорда
kernowek: Penncita
Kinyarwanda: Umurwa
Kiswahili: Mji mkuu
коми: Юркар
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kapital
kurdî: Paytext
Кыргызча: Борбор шаар
Latina: Caput (urbs)
latviešu: Galvaspilsēta
Lëtzebuergesch: Haaptstad
lietuvių: Sostinė
Limburgs: Houfsjtad
lingála: Mbóka-mokonzi
magyar: Főváros
मैथिली: राजधानी
македонски: Главен град
Malagasy: Renivohitra
മലയാളം: തലസ്ഥാനം
Māori: Tāone matua
मराठी: राजधानी
მარგალური: ნანანოღა
مصرى: عاصمه
مازِرونی: نیشتنگاء
Bahasa Melayu: Ibu negara
Baso Minangkabau: Ibukota
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Siū-dŭ
Mirandés: Capital
монгол: Нийслэл хот
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မြို့တော်
Nāhuatl: Tēcuacān
Nederlands: Hoofdstad
Nedersaksies: Heufdstad
नेपाली: राजधानी
日本語: 首都
Napulitano: Capitale (città)
нохчийн: Коьрта гӀала
Norfuk / Pitkern: Kapitel citii
norsk: Hovedstad
norsk nynorsk: Hovudstad
Nouormand: Capitale
Novial: Chef-urbe
occitan: Capitala
олык марий: Рӱдола
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Poytaxt
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰਾਜਧਾਨੀ
پنجابی: راجگڑھ
Papiamentu: Kapital
Перем Коми: Канкар
Tok Pisin: Kapitol
Plattdüütsch: Hööftstadt
polski: Stolica
Ποντιακά: Πρωτεύουσα
português: Capital
Qaraqalpaqsha: Paytaxt
qırımtatarca: Paytaht
română: Capitală
rumantsch: Chapitala
Runa Simi: Uma llaqta
русиньскый: Головне місто
русский: Столица
саха тыла: Киин куорат
Gagana Samoa: Laumua
sardu: Capitale
Seeltersk: Haudstääd
Sesotho sa Leboa: Toropokgolo
shqip: Kryeqyteti
sicilianu: Capitali
සිංහල: අගනුවර
slovenčina: Hlavné mesto
slovenščina: Glavno mesto
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Стольнъ градъ
ślůnski: Stolica
Soomaaliga: Magaalo madax
کوردی: پایتەخت
Sranantongo: Mamafoto
српски / srpski: Главни град
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Glavni grad
Basa Sunda: Puseur dayeuh
svenska: Huvudstad
Tagalog: Kabisera
தமிழ்: தலைநகரம்
Taqbaylit: Tamanaɣt
tarandíne: Capitale, cetate
татарча/tatarça: Башкала
తెలుగు: రాజధాని
тоҷикӣ: Пойтахт
Türkçe: Başkent
Türkmençe: Paýtagt
удмурт: Шоркар
українська: Столиця
Vahcuengh: Soujduh
vèneto: Cavedal
vepsän kel’: Pälidn
Tiếng Việt: Thủ đô
Volapük: Cifazif
Võro: Pääliin
文言:
West-Vlams: Hoofdstad
吴语: 首都
ייִדיש: הויפטשטאט
Yorùbá: Olúìlú
粵語: 首都
Zazaki: Paytext
Zeêuws: Oôdstad
žemaitėška: Suostėnė
中文: 首都
ГӀалгӀай: Наьна-гIала