California

State of California
Flag of CaliforniaState seal of California
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The Golden State
Motto(s): Eureka[1]
State song(s): "I Love You, California"
Map of the United States with California highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesLanguage spoken at home[2]
DemonymCalifornian
CapitalSacramento
Largest cityLos Angeles
Largest metroGreater Los Angeles
AreaRanked 3rd
 • Total163,696 sq mi
(423,970 km2)
 • Width250 miles (400 km)
 • Length770 miles (1,240 km)
 • % water4.7
 • Latitude32°32′ N to 42° N
 • Longitude114°8′ W to 124°26′ W
PopulationRanked 1st
 • Total39,557,045 (2018 est.)[3]
 • Density240/sq mi  (92.6/km2)
Ranked 11th
 • Median household income$66,636 (2016)[4] (13th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointMount Whitney[5][6][7][8]
14,505 ft (4,421.0 m)
 • Mean2,900 ft  (880 m)
 • Lowest pointBadwater Basin[9]
−279 ft (−85.0 m)
Before statehoodAlta California
Admission to UnionSeptember 9, 1850 (31st)
GovernorGavin Newsom (D)
Lieutenant GovernorEleni Kounalakis (D)
LegislatureCalifornia State Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseAssembly
U.S. SenatorsDianne Feinstein (D)
Kamala Harris (D)
U.S. House delegation46 Democrats
7 Republicans (list)
Time zonesPacific Time Zone
 • Standard timePST (UTC−8)
 • Summer time (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
ISO 3166US-CA
AbbreviationsCA, www.ca.gov
California state symbols
Flag of California.svg
Seal of California.svg
The Seal of California
Living insignia
AmphibianCalifornia red-legged frog
BirdCalifornia quail
Fish
  • Fresh water: Golden trout
  • Marine: Garibaldi
FlowerCalifornia poppy
GrassPurple needlegrass
InsectCalifornia dogface butterfly
Mammal
  • Land: California grizzly bear (State animal)[1]
  • Marine: Gray whale
ReptileDesert tortoise
TreeCoast redwood & giant sequoia[10]
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue & gold[11]
DanceWest Coast Swing
Folk danceSquare dance
FossilSabre-toothed cat
GemstoneBenitoite
MineralNative gold
RockSerpentine
SoilSan Joaquin
SportSurfing
TartanCalifornia State Tartan
State route marker
California state route marker
State quarter
California quarter dollar coin
Released in 2005
Lists of United States state symbols

California is a state in the western United States. It is the third largest state in size. It is the state with the most people living in it. Largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco. The capital is Sacramento. It became a state on September 9, 1850. It is bordered by Arizona to the southeast, Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south.

Geography

The geography of California varies depending on region. Southwestern California has small mountain ranges and the cities of San Diego and Los Angeles. Southeastern California has the Mojave Desert and Death Valley, the lowest place in the United States. The eastern part of the state has the highest point in the United States outside of Alaska, Mount Whitney, in the Sierra Nevada mountain range.[12]

The cities of Sacramento, Bakersfield, and Fresno are in the Central Valley. The valley has the Sierra Nevada to the east and the Coast Ranges to the west. It is California's single most productive agricultural region and one of the most productive in the world. It produces more than half the fruit, vegetables and nuts grown in the United States.[13] More than seven million acres (28,000 km2) of the valley are irrigated by an extensive system of reservoirs and canals.[14]

The west-central part of the state has some small mountains and the cities of San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland. Northern California has the Cascade Range, the Klamath Mountains, and the Modoc Plateau.[15] Far northern California does not have many people, but the San Francisco region and the Sacramento region are often thought of as part of northern California.

Climate

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kalifornië
Alemannisch: Kalifornien
አማርኛ: ካሊፎርኒያ
Ænglisc: California
العربية: كاليفورنيا
aragonés: California
arpetan: California
asturianu: California
Avañe'ẽ: California
Aymar aru: California suyu
azərbaycanca: Kaliforniya
Bân-lâm-gú: California
башҡортса: Калифорния
беларуская: Каліфорнія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каліфорнія
Bikol Central: California
Bislama: Kalifornia
български: Калифорния
Boarisch: Kalifornien
bosanski: Kalifornija
brezhoneg: Kalifornia
буряад: Калифорни
català: Califòrnia
Чӑвашла: Калифорни
Cebuano: California
čeština: Kalifornie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: California
corsu: California
Cymraeg: Califfornia
davvisámegiella: Kalifornia
Deitsch: Kalifornie
Deutsch: Kalifornien
dolnoserbski: Kaliforniska
eesti: California
Ελληνικά: Καλιφόρνια
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Califòrgna
English: California
español: California
Esperanto: Kalifornio
euskara: Kalifornia
فارسی: کالیفرنیا
Fiji Hindi: California
føroyskt: Kalifornia
français: Californie
Frysk: Kalifornje
Gaeilge: California
Gaelg: California
Gagauz: Kaliforniya
Gàidhlig: Calafòrnia
galego: California
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: California
хальмг: Калифорния
Hausa: California
Hawaiʻi: Kaleponi
հայերեն: Կալիֆոռնիա
hornjoserbsce: Kaliforniska
hrvatski: Kalifornija
Ilokano: California
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ক্যালিফোর্নিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: California
interlingua: California
Interlingue: California
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᑳᓖᐴᕐᓃᐊ
Iñupiak: California
isiXhosa: IKhalifoniya
isiZulu: California
íslenska: Kalifornía
italiano: California
עברית: קליפורניה
Basa Jawa: California
Kabɩyɛ: Kalɩfɔrnii
Kapampangan: California
къарачай-малкъар: Калифорния
ქართული: კალიფორნია
қазақша: Калифорния
kernowek: Kaliforni
Kiswahili: California
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kalifòni
kurdî: Kalîforniya
Кыргызча: Калифорния
кырык мары: Калифорни
Ladino: Kalifornia
لۊری شومالی: کاليفورنيا
Latina: California
latviešu: Kalifornija
Lëtzebuergesch: Kalifornien
lietuvių: Kalifornija
Ligure: California
Limburgs: Californië
Lingua Franca Nova: California
la .lojban.: la .kaliforniias.
lumbaart: California
magyar: Kalifornia
македонски: Калифорнија
Malagasy: Kalifornia
മലയാളം: കാലിഫോർണിയ
Māori: Karapōnia
მარგალური: კალიფორნია
مازِرونی: کالیفرنیا
Bahasa Melayu: California
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: California
монгол: Калифорни
Nāhuatl: California
Dorerin Naoero: California
Nederlands: Californië
Nedersaksies: Kalifornië
नेपाल भाषा: क्यालिफोर्निया
нохчийн: Калифорни
Nordfriisk: California
norsk: California
norsk nynorsk: California
occitan: Califòrnia
олык марий: Калифорний
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kaliforniya
Pälzisch: Kalifornien
Pangasinan: California
پنجابی: کیلیفورنیا
Papiamentu: California
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កាលីហ្វញ៉ា
Picard: Californie
Piemontèis: Califòrnia
Plattdüütsch: Kalifornien
polski: Kalifornia
português: Califórnia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Kaliforniya shtati
română: California
rumantsch: California
Runa Simi: California suyu
русский: Калифорния
саха тыла: Калифорния
Gagana Samoa: Kalefonia
संस्कृतम्: कालिफ़ोर्निया
Scots: Californie
Seeltersk: Kalifornien
shqip: Kalifornia
sicilianu: California
slovenčina: Kalifornia
slovenščina: Kalifornija
ślůnski: Kaliforńijo
Soomaaliga: Kalifornia
српски / srpski: Калифорнија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kalifornija
Basa Sunda: Kalifornia
suomi: Kalifornia
svenska: Kalifornien
Tagalog: California
Taqbaylit: Kalifurnya
татарча/tatarça: Калифорния (штат)
tetun: California
тоҷикӣ: Калифорния
Tsetsêhestâhese: California
Türkçe: Kaliforniya
українська: Каліфорнія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Kaliforniye Shitati
vèneto: Całifornia
Tiếng Việt: California
Volapük: Kalifornän
Winaray: California
ייִדיש: קאליפארניע
Zazaki: Kaliforniya
Zeêuws: Californië
žemaitėška: Kalėfuornėjė