Burkina Faso
English: Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Coat of arms
Motto: "Unité-Progrès-Justice"
("Unity, Progress, Justice")
Anthem: Une Seule Nuit  (French)
One Single Night – Thomas Sankara
Burkina Faso  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Ouagadougou
12°20′N 1°40′W / 12°20′N 1°40′W / 12.333; -1.667
Official languagesFrench
Recognised regional languagesMòoré, Dioula (Bambara)
Demonym(s)Burkinabé (also Burkinabè and Burkinabe)
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
• President
Roch Marc Christian Kaboré[1]
Paul Kaba Thieba
Independence
• from France
5 August 1960
Area
• Total
274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi) (74th)
• Water (%)
0.146%
Population
• 2010 estimate
15,730,977[2] (64th)
• 2006 census
14,017,262
• Density
57.4/km2 (148.7/sq mi) (145th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$19.992 billion[3]
• Per capita
$1,360[3]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$8.781 billion[3]
• Per capita
$597[3]
Gini (2007)39.5[4]
medium
HDI (2007)Increase 0.389
low · 177th
CurrencyWest African CFA franc[5] (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Driving sideright
Calling code226
ISO 3166 codeBF
Internet TLD.bf
  1. The data here is an estimation for the year 2005 produced by the International Monetary Fund in April 2005.

Burkina Faso is a country in West Africa. It used to be called Upper Volta and the name was changed to Burkina Faso in 1984. The country was once ruled by France, but it has been independent since 1960. The capital is Ouagadougou.

In 2005, about 13,228,000 people lived in the country. It is next to Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire. It does not have any coast with an ocean or sea. People from Burkina Faso are called Burkinabé (pronounced burr-KEE-na-bay).

History

People have lived in the area of Burkina Faso for thousands of years. At first, they were hunter-gatherers, hunting animals and collecting fruits and vegetables.[6] Later they became farmers. People called the Mossi arrived between the 11th and 13th centuries.[6] They ruled the area until the end of the 19th century. In 1896 France beat the Mossi kingdom and became the colonial rulers of Burkina Faso. After World War I, the country was called Upper Volta.

In 1960, Upper Volta became independent from France. The first president of the new country was Maurice Yaméogo. After he became the president, Yaméogo banned other political parties. For several years the people of Upper Volta were very unhappy with the government and in 1966 the military took over in a military coup. In 1983 the government was taken over again by military men called Thomas Sankara and Blaise Compaoré. Sankara became president. In 1984, he changed the name of the country to Burkina Faso. It means "land of honest people".[7]

In December 1985, Burkina Faso went to war for five days with near-by country Mali. In 1987, there was another military coup and Sankara was assassinated (murdered). Blaise Compaoré became the president.

On 28 October 2014 protesters began to march and demonstrate in Ouagadougou. Compaoré was ready to change the constitution and extendhis 27-year rule. On 30 October 2014, some protesters set fire to the parliament.[8] They also took over the national television headquarters.[9] On 31 October 2014, President Compaoré, resigned after 27 years in office.[10]

In 2015 the country held their first election. Roch Marc Christian Kabore, a former Prime Minister, was elected as President.[1]

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Буркина-Фасо
Afrikaans: Burkina Faso
Alemannisch: Burkina Faso
አማርኛ: ቡርኪና ፋሶ
Ænglisc: Burkina Faso
العربية: بوركينا فاسو
aragonés: Burkina Faso
arpetan: Burkina Fasô
asturianu: Burkina Fasu
azərbaycanca: Burkina-Faso
bamanankan: Burukina Faso
Banjar: Burkina Paso
Bân-lâm-gú: Burkina Faso
башҡортса: Буркина-Фасо
беларуская: Буркіна-Фасо
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Буркіна-Фасо
Bikol Central: Burkina Faso
български: Буркина Фасо
bosanski: Burkina Faso
brezhoneg: Burkina Faso
català: Burkina Faso
Чӑвашла: Буркина Фасо
Cebuano: Burkina Faso
čeština: Burkina Faso
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Burkina Faso
chiShona: Burkina Faso
Cymraeg: Bwrcina Ffaso
davvisámegiella: Burkina Faso
Deutsch: Burkina Faso
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބުރުކީނާ ފާސޯ
dolnoserbski: Burkina Faso
Ελληνικά: Μπουρκίνα Φάσο
English: Burkina Faso
español: Burkina Faso
Esperanto: Burkino
estremeñu: Burquina Fasu
euskara: Burkina Faso
eʋegbe: Burkina Faso
Fiji Hindi: Burkina Faso
føroyskt: Burkina Faso
français: Burkina Faso
Fulfulde: Burkina Faso
Gagauz: Burkina Faso
Gàidhlig: Buirciona Faso
galego: Burkina Faso
Gĩkũyũ: Burkina Faso
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Burkina Faso
Hawaiʻi: Burakina Faso
hornjoserbsce: Burkina Faso
hrvatski: Burkina Faso
Ilokano: Burkina Faso
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বুর্কিনা ফাসো
Bahasa Indonesia: Burkina Faso
interlingua: Burkina Faso
Interlingue: Burkina Faso
isiZulu: IBukhina Faso
íslenska: Búrkína Fasó
italiano: Burkina Faso
Kabɩyɛ: Purkina Fasoo
Kapampangan: Burkina Faso
ქართული: ბურკინა-ფასო
қазақша: Буркина-Фасо
kernowek: Burkina Faso
Kinyarwanda: Burukina Faso
Kiswahili: Burkina Faso
Kreyòl ayisyen: Boukinafaso
Кыргызча: Буркина-Фасо
кырык мары: Буркина Фасо
لۊری شومالی: بۊرکینافاسو
Latina: Burkina Faso
latviešu: Burkinafaso
Lëtzebuergesch: Burkina Faso
lietuvių: Burkina Fasas
Limburgs: Burkina Faso
lingála: Burkina Faso
Lingua Franca Nova: Burcina Faso
Livvinkarjala: Burkina Faso
Luganda: Burkina Faso
lumbaart: Burkina Faso
magyar: Burkina Faso
македонски: Буркина Фасо
Malagasy: Borkina Faso
მარგალური: ბურკინა-ფასო
مازِرونی: بورکینافاسو
Bahasa Melayu: Burkina Faso
Minangkabau: Burkina Faso
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Burkina Faso
Nāhuatl: Burquina Faso
Dorerin Naoero: Burkinabato
Nederlands: Burkina Faso
Nedersaksies: Burkina Faso
नेपाल भाषा: बुर्किना फासो
нохчийн: Буркина-Фасо
Nordfriisk: Burkiina Faaso
Norfuk / Pitkern: Burkina Faso
norsk nynorsk: Burkina Faso
Novial: Burkina Faso
occitan: Burkina Faso
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Burkina Faso
پنجابی: برکینا فاسو
Papiamentu: Burkina Faso
Piemontèis: Burkina Faso
Plattdüütsch: Burkina Faso
polski: Burkina Faso
português: Burkina Faso
Qaraqalpaqsha: Burkina Faso
qırımtatarca: Burkina Faso
română: Burkina Faso
rumantsch: Burkina Faso
Runa Simi: Burkina Phasu
русиньскый: Буркіна Фасо
русский: Буркина-Фасо
саха тыла: Буркина Фасо
Gagana Samoa: Burkina Faso
संस्कृतम्: बुर्कीना-फासो
Sängö: Burkina Faso
Seeltersk: Burkina Faso
Sesotho: Burkina Faso
Sesotho sa Leboa: Burkina Faso
sicilianu: Burchina Fasu
slovenčina: Burkina
slovenščina: Burkina Faso
ślůnski: Burkina Faso
Soomaaliga: Burkina Faso
српски / srpski: Буркина Фасо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Burkina Faso
svenska: Burkina Faso
Tagalog: Burkina Faso
Taqbaylit: Burkina Faso
татарча/tatarça: Буркина Фасо
ትግርኛ: ቡርኪና ፋሶ
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏋᎩᎾ ᏩᏐ
Türkçe: Burkina Faso
Türkmençe: Burkina-Faso
українська: Буркіна-Фасо
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بۇركىنا فاسو
Vahcuengh: Burkina Faso
vèneto: Burkina Faso
vepsän kel’: Burkina Faso
Tiếng Việt: Burkina Faso
Volapük: Burkinän
West-Vlams: Burkina Faso
Winaray: Burkina Faso
Xitsonga: Burkina Faso
Zazaki: Burkina Faso
Zeêuws: Burkina Faso
žemaitėška: Borkėna Fasos