Big buildings in Rotterdam.

Building may be a noun or a verb. Building is one of the most ancient human skills. It is part of how we have survived and it is the clearest symbol of every civilization. Although some other animals build simple structures, e.g. birds, ants and bees, humans have learned to build in a great many different ways, to suit different needs and local conditions. We build mostly for shelter. Buildings can shelter people, or animals, or machinery, or anything. The simplest building is just a roof, to keep the space beneath dry, or shady. Adding walls gives more shelter, from the wind or rain. It also gives security.

By putting a window in a wall, with or without glass, we let light inside the building. We leave a hole somewhere big enough to go in and out, with a door which can be opened and closed. Often the door will have a lock, so the building can be left secure.

If a building is to last for a long time, it must have a solid foundation. This foundation is like the root of a tree, which is sunk a bit deep into the ground and supports the walls. If the ground is soft, the foundation must be very deep and strong so that the building might be having a strong contact with the ground.

Small building in Indonesia

If a building is high enough, it can have more than one floor. People can climb from one floor to the next by a staircase, or perhaps by a lift or elevator. This is known as going upstairs, or downstairs. Buildings can also have a floor under the ground. This is usually called a cellar or basement.

Buildings can be beautiful or ugly, exciting or boring. Architects are people trained to design buildings. Their work is called architecture, and it can be an art form. Look at the building where you are reading this. Look at the shapes and shadows. Is there enough light? Do some rooms make you feel like staying in them, while others make you want to hurry away? Do they have interesting features? Think about how you could have made the building better. Almost anybody can become an architect if they want to. But only a good architect or a good builder can design or build a beautiful building.

  • types of buildings

Types of buildings

Shelters are places to live and to raise our young. We also build places to work and to make things, places to store things, places to sell things, places where sick people can go to be treated, places to put people who break our laws. We build to make life easier, or to make money.

Some buildings are meeting places. A large number of people can gather at a temple to worship god or listen to what other people have to say. In Christendom they are called churches. Until we began to build skyscrapers, churches were always the very largest, tallest buildings of all, except for castles. Many very big churches are cathedrals, even bigger than most castles. Big buildings require much work to make, thus can symbolize power. They impress and they give a focus to cities.

Buildings are made of various materials. Where wood is plentiful, it is much used. Many very old buildings of stone exist. Concrete is used almost everywhere. Starting in the late 19th century, skyscrapers were made of steel, increasingly combined with glass.

Where people live or stay

Where people work

Culture and entertainment


Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gebou
Alemannisch: Gebäude
العربية: مبنى
aragonés: Edificio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܢܝܢܐ
armãneashti: Acareti
asturianu: Edificiu
Avañe'ẽ: Óga yvate
azərbaycanca: Bina
বাংলা: ভবন
Bân-lâm-gú: Kiàn-tio̍k-bu̍t
беларуская: Будынак
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Будынак
български: Сграда
bosanski: Zgrada
català: Edifici
čeština: Budova
Cymraeg: Adeilad
dansk: Bygning
Deutsch: Gebäude
eesti: Hoone
Ελληνικά: Κτίριο
English: Building
español: Edificio
Esperanto: Konstruaĵo
euskara: Eraikin
فارسی: ساختمان
Frysk: Bouwurk
Gaeilge: Foirgneamh
galego: Edificio
한국어: 건축물
हिन्दी: भवन
hrvatski: Zgrada
Ido: Edifico
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangunan
interlingua: Edificio
íslenska: Bygging
italiano: Edificio
Basa Jawa: Wewangunan
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಟ್ಟಡ
ქართული: შენობა
Kiswahili: Jengo
ລາວ: ຕຶກ
latgaļu: Kuorms
Latina: Aedificium
latviešu: Celtne
Lëtzebuergesch: Gebai
lietuvių: Statinys
magyar: Épület
македонски: Градба
मराठी: इमारत
Bahasa Melayu: Bangunan
монгол: Байшин
Nāhuatl: Calli
Nederlands: Gebouw
Nedersaksies: Bolwark
नेपाल भाषा: भवन
日本語: 建築物
Norfuk / Pitkern: Bilding
norsk: Bygning
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bino
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਮਾਰਤ
پښتو: ودانۍ
polski: Budynek
português: Edifício
română: Clădire
Runa Simi: Wasichay
русиньскый: Будова
русский: Здание
Scots: Biggin
slovenčina: Budova
slovenščina: Zgradba
Soomaaliga: Dhisme
српски / srpski: Зграда
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Građevina
suomi: Rakennus
svenska: Byggnad
Tagalog: Gusali
தமிழ்: கட்டிடம்
తెలుగు: భవనము
ไทย: อาคาร
тоҷикӣ: Бино
Türkçe: Bina
українська: Будівля
اردو: عمارت
Tiếng Việt: Tòa nhà
Volapük: Bumot
Winaray: Edifisyo
吴语: 建築物
中文: 建筑物