Brisbane

Brisbane
Queensland
Brisbane-montage-redesign.jpg
Skyline from Kangaroo Point Cliffs;
Queenslander architecture, North Stradbroke Island;
Mount Coot-tha Botanic Gardens, City Hall;
Story Bridge, St John's Cathedral;
Treasury Building, Merivale Bridge
Map of the Brisbane metropolitan area
Map of the Brisbane metropolitan area
Brisbane is located in Australia
Brisbane
Brisbane
Coordinates27°28′S 153°02′E / 27°28′S 153°02′E / -27.467; 153.033
Area15,842 km2 (6,116.6 sq mi)[2] (2016 GCCSA)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)
  • City of Brisbane
  • City of Ipswich
  • Lockyer Valley Region
  • Logan City
  • Moreton Bay Region
  • Redland City
  • Scenic Rim Region
  • Somerset Region
RegionSouth East Queensland
CountyStanley, Canning, Cavendish, Churchill, Ward
State electorate(s)41 divisions
Federal Division(s)17 divisions
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.4 °C
80 °F
16.2 °C
61 °F
1,008.2 mm
39.7 in

Brisbane (local nickname Brissie) is the capital city and biggest city of Queensland in Australia. It has a population of 2.2 million people and is the third biggest city in Australia, after Sydney and Melbourne.

The central city is on the Brisbane River, 23 kilometres (14 mi) inland from Moreton Bay.

Brisbane is named after the Brisbane River, which is named after Sir Thomas Brisbane who was Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825.

A penal colony was founded at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) to the north, in 1824. It was moved to North Quay in 1825. The first free settlers moved to Brisbane in 1842. Brisbane became the capital city when Queensland became a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859.

Brisbane has more than 50 skyscrapers more than 100 metres (330 ft) tall.

Climate

Brisbane has a humid subtropical climate. Summers are hot and wet. Winters are warm and quite dry.[8][9]

Thunderstorms happen a lot from November to March every year. Very heavy thunderstorms caused big floods and a lot of damage in February 1893, January 1974, January 2011 and January 2013.

The warmest recorded temperature in Brisbane was 43.2 °C (109.8 °F) on 26 January 1940 and the coldest was 2.3 °C (36.1 °F) on 2 July 1896.

Sunshine hours are not typical for a location in the southern hemisphere. While the sunniest month, November sees over 250 bright hours, the dullest month, February, equivalent of August in the northern hemisphere, has less than 200 hours.

Climate data for Brisbane Regional Office (1840-1994)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.2
(109.8)
40.9
(105.6)
38.8
(101.8)
36.1
(97)
32.4
(90.3)
31.6
(88.9)
29.1
(84.4)
32.8
(91)
38.3
(100.9)
40.7
(105.3)
41.2
(106.2)
41.2
(106.2)
43.2
(109.8)
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.0
(82.4)
26.1
(79)
23.2
(73.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.4
(68.7)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
26.1
(79)
27.8
(82)
29.1
(84.4)
25.48
(77.87)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
20.6
(69.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.6
(61.9)
13.3
(55.9)
10.9
(51.6)
9.5
(49.1)
10.3
(50.5)
12.9
(55.2)
15.8
(60.4)
18.1
(64.6)
19.8
(67.6)
15.66
(60.19)
Record low °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
14.7
(58.5)
11.3
(52.3)
6.9
(44.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.4
(36.3)
2.3
(36.1)
2.7
(36.9)
4.8
(40.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.2
(48.6)
13.5
(56.3)
2.3
(36.1)
Rainfall mm (inches) 159.6
(6.283)
158.3
(6.232)
140.7
(5.539)
92.5
(3.642)
73.7
(2.902)
67.8
(2.669)
56.5
(2.224)
45.9
(1.807)
45.7
(1.799)
75.4
(2.969)
97.0
(3.819)
133.3
(5.248)
1,146.4
(45.134)
Avg. rainy days 12.9 13.2 14.3 11.1 9.6 7.9 7.2 6.7 7.3 9.2 9.8 11.4 120.6
Sunshine hours 229.4 186.5 201.5 216.0 213.9 204.0 229.4 244.9 246.0 248.0 252.0 251.1 2,722.7
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[10]
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Brisbane
Alemannisch: Brisbane
አማርኛ: ብርዝበን
العربية: بريزبان
asturianu: Brisbane
azərbaycanca: Brisben
تۆرکجه: بریزبین
বাংলা: ব্রিসবেন
Bân-lâm-gú: Brisbane
беларуская: Брысбен
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Брысбэйн
भोजपुरी: ब्रिस्बेन
български: Брисбън
bosanski: Brisbane
brezhoneg: Brisbane
català: Brisbane
čeština: Brisbane
Cymraeg: Brisbane
dansk: Brisbane
Deutsch: Brisbane
eesti: Brisbane
Ελληνικά: Μπρίσμπεϊν
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Brisbane
English: Brisbane
español: Brisbane
Esperanto: Brisbano
euskara: Brisbane
فارسی: بریزبن
føroyskt: Brisbane
français: Brisbane
Frysk: Brisbane
Gaeilge: Brisbane
Gàidhlig: Brisbane
galego: Brisbane
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Brisbane
한국어: 브리즈번
Hausa: Brisbane
հայերեն: Բրիսբեն
हिन्दी: ब्रिस्बेन
hrvatski: Brisbane
Bahasa Indonesia: Brisbane
Interlingue: Brisbane
Ирон: Брисбен
íslenska: Brisbane
italiano: Brisbane
עברית: בריזבן
Basa Jawa: Brisbane
ქართული: ბრიზბენი
қазақша: Брисбен
Kiswahili: Brisbane
Кыргызча: Брисбен
Ladino: Brisbane
Latina: Brisbane
latviešu: Brisbena
Lëtzebuergesch: Brisbane
lietuvių: Brisbenas
Ligure: Brisbane
Limburgs: Brisbane
magyar: Brisbane
मैथिली: ब्रिसबेन
македонски: Бризбејн
Bahasa Melayu: Brisbane
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Brisbane
монгол: Брисбэн
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘရစ်စဘိန်းမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Brisbane
Nederlands: Brisbane
नेपाली: ब्रिसबेन
日本語: ブリスベン
нохчийн: Брисбен
Norfuk / Pitkern: Brisbin
norsk: Brisbane
norsk nynorsk: Brisbane
occitan: Brisbane
олык марий: Брисбен
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Brisben
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬ੍ਰਿਜ਼ਬਨ
پنجابی: برسبین
Papiamentu: Brisbane
Piemontèis: Brisbane
polski: Brisbane
português: Brisbane
română: Brisbane
Runa Simi: Brisbane
русский: Брисбен
саха тыла: Брисбен
Gagana Samoa: Brisbane
संस्कृतम्: ब्रिस्बेन
Scots: Brisbane
Seeltersk: Brisbane
sicilianu: Brisbane
slovenčina: Brisbane
slovenščina: Brisbane
ślůnski: Brisbane
Soomaaliga: Brisbane
کوردی: بریزبێن
српски / srpski: Бризбејн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Brisbane
suomi: Brisbane
svenska: Brisbane
Tagalog: Brisbane
Taqbaylit: Brisbane
తెలుగు: బ్రిస్బేన్
Türkçe: Brisbane
українська: Брисбен
اردو: برسبین
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: برىسبان
vepsän kel’: Brisben
Tiếng Việt: Brisbane
Volapük: Brisbane
Winaray: Brisbane
吴语: 布里司班
ייִדיש: בריזבן
粵語: 布里斯本
žemaitėška: Brėsbens
中文: 布里斯班