Brighton

Brighton is a city on the south coast of England, once called "Brighthelmstone". It is in the county of East Sussex. In 2000, it joined Hove to become the city of Brighton & Hove. Historically, Brighton forms the main part of the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation, with 474,485 inhabitants (2011 census). This is England's 12th largest conurbation, and the mostly densely populated area outside London.[1]

From the 1730s, Brighton entered its second phase of development—one which brought a rapid improvement in its fortunes. The fad for bathing in seawater as a cure for illnesses was encouraged.[2] From the 1760s it was a boarding point for boats travelling to France. Road transport to London was improved when the main road via Crawley was turnpiked in 1770.[3] Spas and indoor baths were opened by physicians.[2]

From 1780, development of Georgian terraces started, and the fishing village developed to the fashionable resort of Brighton. Growth of the town was encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent (later King George IV) after his first visit in 1783. He spent much of his leisure time in the town, and had the Royal Pavilion built during the early part of his Regency.

The arrival of the London and Brighton Railway in 1841 brought Brighton within the reach of day-trippers from London. The population grew from around 7,000 in 1801 to more than 120,000 by 1901.

Modern Brighton is a centre for education, sports and recreation. It has two universities (University of Sussex and the University of Brighton) and 54 schools. In 2003, the universities of Sussex and Brighton formed a medical school, known as Brighton and Sussex Medical School.

  • references

References

  1. 2011 Census: built-up areas
  2. 2.0 2.1 Seldon, Anthony 2002. Brave new city: Brighton & Hove past, present, future. Lewes: Pomegranate Press. ISBN 0-9542587-1-1
  3. Gwynne, Peter 1990. A history of Crawley. Chichester: Phillimore, p98. ISBN 0-85033-718-6
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Brighton
Alemannisch: Brighton
العربية: برايتون
azərbaycanca: Brayton
تۆرکجه: برایتون
বাংলা: ব্রাইটন
беларуская: Брайтан
български: Брайтън
brezhoneg: Brighton
català: Brighton
čeština: Brighton
Cymraeg: Brighton
dansk: Brighton
Deutsch: Brighton
eesti: Brighton
Ελληνικά: Μπράιτον
English: Brighton
español: Brighton
Esperanto: Brajtono
euskara: Brighton
فارسی: برایتون
français: Brighton
galego: Brighton
한국어: 브라이턴
Հայերեն: Բրայթոն
hrvatski: Brighton
Bahasa Indonesia: Brighton
interlingua: Brighton
Interlingue: Brighton
Ирон: Брайтон
isiZulu: Brighton
íslenska: Brighton
italiano: Brighton
עברית: ברייטון
ქართული: ბრაიტონი
Kiswahili: Brighton
Latina: Brightonia
latviešu: Braitona
lietuvių: Braitonas
magyar: Brighton
मराठी: ब्रायटन
Nederlands: Brighton
日本語: ブライトン
norsk: Brighton
norsk nynorsk: Brighton
Nouormand: Brighton
polski: Brighton
português: Brighton
română: Brighton
Runa Simi: Brighton
русский: Брайтон
Scots: Brighton
slovenčina: Brighton
slovenščina: Brighton
ślůnski: Brighton
српски / srpski: Брајтон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Brighton
suomi: Brighton
svenska: Brighton
Türkçe: Brighton
українська: Брайтон
اردو: برائٹن
Tiếng Việt: Brighton
Volapük: Brighton
Winaray: Brighton
ייִדיש: ברייטאן
粵語: 白禮頓
中文: 布莱顿