Brighton is a
From the 1730s, Brighton entered its second phase of development—one which brought a rapid improvement in its fortunes. The fad for bathing in seawater as a cure for illnesses was encouraged. From the 1760s it was a boarding point for boats travelling to France. Road transport to London was improved when the main road via
From 1780, development of Georgian terraces started, and the fishing village developed to the fashionable resort of Brighton. Growth of the town was encouraged by the
The arrival of the London and Brighton Railway in 1841 brought Brighton within the reach of day-trippers from London. The population grew from around 7,000 in 1801 to more than 120,000 by 1901.
Modern Brighton is a centre for education, sports and recreation. It has two universities (University of Sussex and the University of Brighton) and 54 schools. In 2003, the universities of Sussex and Brighton formed a medical school, known as Brighton and Sussex Medical School.