Bourgeoisie

Bourgeoisie [1] means a social class of people who own the means of production, making them in the upper or merchant class. Hence, all employers are bourgeoisie. Their status or power comes from employment, education, assets, or wealth and not from aristocratic (political) origin, as a lowly café or factory owner is bourgeoisie. The term is widely used in many non-English speaking countries as an approximate equivalent of middle class.

As the bourgeoisie are not its opposing counterpart proletariat, they don't have to be a labourer doing menial work for money. And if they do any work that gets them money, then it's only because of the many proletariat people beneath them, who generated their wealth through their labour, of which the higher up bourgeoisie person took a cut (commission). [2]

Bourgeoisie is a French word that was borrowed directly into English in the sense that is explained above. The French word bourgeois comes from the Old French word burgeis, meaning "an inhabitant of a town". (cf. Middle English burgeis, Middle Dutch burgher and German Bürger). The Old French word burgeis comes from bourg, meaning a market town or medieval village, itself derived from Late Latin burgus, meaning "fortress"[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bourgeoisie
العربية: برجوازية
aragonés: Burguesía
asturianu: Burguesía
azərbaycanca: Burjuaziya
Bân-lâm-gú: Chu-sán-kai-kip
башҡортса: Буржуазия
беларуская: Буржуазія
български: Буржоазия
bosanski: Buržoazija
brezhoneg: Bourc'hizelezh
català: Burgesia
čeština: Měšťanstvo
dansk: Borgerskab
Deutsch: Bourgeoisie
eesti: Kodanlus
Ελληνικά: Μπουρζουαζία
English: Bourgeoisie
español: Burguesía
Esperanto: Burĝo
euskara: Burgesia
فارسی: بورژوازی
français: Bourgeoisie
galego: Burguesía
한국어: 부르주아지
Հայերեն: Բուրժուազիա
हिन्दी: बूर्जुआ
hrvatski: Buržoazija
Bahasa Indonesia: Borjuis
italiano: Borghesia
עברית: בורגנות
қазақша: Буржуазия
latviešu: Buržuāzija
Lëtzebuergesch: Biergertum
lietuvių: Buržuazija
magyar: Burzsoázia
മലയാളം: ബൂർഷ്വാസി
Nederlands: Burgerij
नेपाली: बुर्जुवा
Nordfriisk: Bourgeoisie
norsk: Borgerskap
norsk nynorsk: Borgarskap
occitan: Borgesiá
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Burjuaziya
پنجابی: بورژوازی
polski: Burżuazja
português: Burguesia
română: Burghezie
русиньскый: Буржоазия
русский: Буржуазия
slovenčina: Buržoázia
slovenščina: Buržoazija
српски / srpski: Буржоазија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Buržoazija
suomi: Porvaristo
svenska: Bourgeoisie
Tagalog: Burgesya
Türkçe: Burjuvazi
тыва дыл: Буржуазия
українська: Буржуазія
vèneto: Borghexia
Tiếng Việt: Giai cấp tư sản
吴语: 資產階級
粵語: 資產階級
Zazaki: Burjuvazi
中文: 資產階級