Boudica

Statue of Boudica

Boudica [1] (born about 25 AD, died 60/61 AD) was the queen of the Celtic Iceni people in Norfolk in the eastern part of Roman Britain.

A statue of Boudica was put up in the Westminster area of London in 1902.

Her husband Prasutagus ruled an independent client state of Rome. When he died, he left his kingdom jointly to his daughters and the Roman Emperor.

Death of Prasutagus and its aftmath

It was normal Roman practice to allow allied kingdoms their independence only for the lifetime of their client king. For example, the provinces of Bithynia and Galatia, were made part of the Empire in just this way. Also, Roman law allowed inheritance only through the male line.

When Prasutagus died, his will was ignored by the Governor, Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, and his kingdom was annexed just as if it had been conquered. To make matters worse, Roman money-lenders called in the debts which Prasutagus had borrowed during his life. The lands and property of the Iceni were confiscated and their nobles treated like slaves.

When Boudica protested, Paulinus had her flogged, and her two daughters raped in public. Tacitus reports:

"Prasutagus, the late king of the Icenians... by his will he left the whole to his two daughters and the emperor in equal shares, conceiving, by that stroke of policy, that he should provide at once for the tranquility of his kingdom and his family.
"The event was otherwise. His dominions were ravaged by the centurions; the slaves pillaged his house, and his effects were seized as lawful plunder. His wife, Boudicca, was disgraced with cruel stripes; her daughters were ravished, and the most illustrious of the Icenians were, by force, deprived of the positions which had been transmitted to them by their ancestors. The whole country was considered as a legacy bequeathed to the plunderers. The relations of the deceased king were reduced to slavery". [2]
Other Languages
العربية: بوديكا
asturianu: Boudica
Bân-lâm-gú: Boudicca
беларуская: Баўдзіка
български: Боудика
brezhoneg: Boudika
català: Budicca
čeština: Boudicca
dansk: Boudicca
Deutsch: Boudicca
eesti: Boudicca
Ελληνικά: Βοαδίκεια
English: Boudica
español: Boudica
Esperanto: Budiko
euskara: Budika
فارسی: بودیکا
français: Boadicée
Gaeilge: Buadaca
galego: Boadicea
한국어: 부디카
Bahasa Indonesia: Boudica
italiano: Budicca
עברית: בודיקיאה
Latina: Boudicca
latviešu: Būdika
magyar: Boudica
македонски: Будика
Malagasy: Boudica
മലയാളം: ബൊവാഡിസിയ
Bahasa Melayu: Boudicca
Nederlands: Boudicca
日本語: ブーディカ
norsk: Boudicca
polski: Boudika
português: Boadiceia
română: Boudica
русский: Боудикка
Scots: Boudica
සිංහල: බූඩිකා
slovenčina: Boudica
српски / srpski: Будика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Budika
suomi: Boudicca
svenska: Boudicca
Tagalog: Boudica
Türkçe: Boudica
українська: Боудіка
Tiếng Việt: Boudica
中文: 布狄卡