Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
Europe-Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Capital
and largest city
Sarajevo[1]
Official languagesNone at state levela
National language
Ethnic groups (2014)
Demonym
  • Bosnian
  • Herzegovinian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
republic
[2]
• High Representative
Valentin Inzkoa
• Chairman of the Presidency
Bakir Izetbegovićbb[3]
• Members of the Presidency
Dragan Čovićc
Mladen Ivanićd
• Prime Minister
Denis Zvizdić
LegislatureParliamentary Assembly
House of Peoples
House of Representatives
Independence
• First mentioned
753
• Banate of Bosnia
1154
• Kingdom of Bosnia
1377
• Conquered by Ottoman Empire
1463
• Bosnian uprising
1831
• 
1878
• Annexation of Bosnia by Austria-Hungary
1908
• National Day
25 November 1943
• Independence from SFR Yugoslavia
1 March 1992
• Observed
6 April 1992
Area
• Total
51,197 km2 (19,767 sq mi) (127th)
• Water (%)
0.8%
Population
• 2014 census
3,871,643[4]
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
$33.251 billion[5]
• Per capita
$11,749[5]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
• Total
$21.122 billion[5]
• Per capita
$8,809[5]
Gini (2013)36.2[6]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.731[7]
high · 68th
CurrencyConvertible mark (BAM)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code387
ISO 3166 codeBA
Internet TLD.ba
  1. State has no legal act regarding the official language[1][8] though some state agencies name Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian as official.[9]
  2. Not a government member; the High Representative is an international civilian overseer of the Dayton peace agreement with authority to dismiss elected and non-elected officials and enact legislation.
  3. Chair of current presidency (Serb).
  4. Current presidency member (Croat).
  5. Current presidency member (Bosniak).

Bosnia~Herzegovina or Bosnia-Herzegovina (locally: Bosna i Hercegovina/Босна и Херцеговина, most commonly abbreviated as BiH/БиХ) is a country in Southeastern Europe, with an area of 51,197 km2 and 4,600,000 people. Countries around Bosnia and Herzegovina are Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. The capital is Sarajevo, and other important cities are Banja Luka, Mostar, Zenica and Tuzla.

History

The first state in Bosnia and Herzegovina was in the Middle Ages. During the Ottoman Empire, it was a very important province in the Balkans and the capital, Sarajevo, had 100,000 people. In 1878, it became a province of Austria-Hungary when the Empire took over Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908. In 1914 the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were assassinated in Sarajevo, leading to World War I. From 1918 until 1992, the country was a part of the former Yugoslavia. After a 3-year long war, Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed independence as a country consisting mostly of Serbs, Croats and Bosnian Muslims.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Bosnia kap Herzegovina
Basa Banyumasan: Bosnia-Herzegovina
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Босьнія і Герцагавіна
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Bosnia y Hercegovina
davvisámegiella: Bosnia ja Hercegovina
estremeñu: Bósnia Ercegovina
Frysk: Bosnje
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: बॉस्निया आणि हर्झगोव्हिना
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bosnia lâu Herzegovina
hornjoserbsce: Bosniska a Hercegowina
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বসনিয়া বারো হার্জেগোভিনা
Bahasa Indonesia: Bosnia dan Herzegovina
kalaallisut: Bosnia-Hercegovina
къарачай-малкъар: Босния бла Герцеговина
Kongo: Bosna
Kreyòl ayisyen: Bosni ak Erzegovin
لۊری شومالی: بوسنی و ھئرزئگوڤین
Lëtzebuergesch: Bosnien an Herzegowina
Lingua Franca Nova: Bosnia e Hersegovina
Livvinkarjala: Bosnii-Hertsegovinu
Bahasa Melayu: Bosnia dan Herzegovina
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bosnia gâe̤ng Herzegovina
Dorerin Naoero: Boteniya me Erdegobina
Nedersaksies: Bosnië-Herzegovina
Napulitano: Bosnia-Erzegovina
Norfuk / Pitkern: Bosnya a' Hersegowina
norsk nynorsk: Bosnia-Hercegovina
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bosniya va Gersegovina
Papiamentu: Bosnia Herzogovina
Plattdüütsch: Bosnien-Herzegowina
qırımtatarca: Bosna ve Hersek
Gagana Samoa: Bosnia ma Herzegovina
संस्कृतम्: बास्निया
slovenčina: Bosna a Hercegovina
slovenščina: Bosna in Hercegovina
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Босна
Soomaaliga: Bosniya
Sranantongo: Bosnikondre
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bosna i Hercegovina
tarandíne: Bosnie-Erzegovine
Türkçe: Bosna-Hersek
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بوسنىيە ۋە ھېرسېگوۋىنا
vepsän kel’: Bosnii da Gercegovin
Tiếng Việt: Bosna và Hercegovina
walon: Bosneye
Wolof: Bosni
吴语: 波黑
粵語: 波斯尼亞