A Bicameral system of government is one where there are two legislative or parliamentary chambers.[1] The word comes from the Latin "bi" (meaning two) and "camera" (meaning chamber).[1] In most cases they have different numbers of members. The smaller legislature is often called the "upper house" or "senate" and the larger is called the "lower house", and sometimes also called by another name such as "assembly" or "commons". For legislation to be passed, bicameral legislatures normally need a majority of members of both chambers to vote for the legislation.

Experts sometimes point out that often deadlocks occur in this kind of system.[2] This can make it harder to pass laws.[2] But others point out the checks and balances this system maintains.[2] This prevents laws from being passed that favor a certain political faction, the government or group of people.[2]

Bicameral systems in the world

Other Languages
asturianu: Bicameralismu
català: Bicameralitat
čeština: Bikameralismus
English: Bicameralism
español: Bicameralidad
فارسی: دومجلسی
français: Bicamérisme
한국어: 양원제
Bahasa Indonesia: Sistem dua kamar
italiano: Bicameralismo
Lëtzebuergesch: Zweekummersystem
lumbaart: Bicameralism
Bahasa Melayu: Dwidewan
Nederlands: Tweekamerstelsel
日本語: 両院制
norsk nynorsk: Tokammersystem
occitan: Bicamerisme
polski: Bikameralizm
português: Bicameralismo
română: Bicameralism
српски / srpski: Дводомни систем
粵語: 兩院制
中文: 兩院制