Austria-Hungary

Austria–Hungary and new states that emerged in 1918.

Austria-Hungary or the Austro-Hungarian Empire was a state in Central Europe from 1867 to 1918.[1] It was the countries of Austria and Hungary ruled by a single monarch. The full name of the empire was "The Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen".

The dual monarchy replaced the Austrian Empire (1804–1867). It started with the compromise between the ruling Habsburg dynasty and the Hungarians. It was an empire made up of many different peoples and great power. It found its political life full of arguments between the eleven main national groups. It had great economic growth through the age of industrialization. It also saw social changes with many liberal and democratic reforms.

The Habsburg dynasty ruled as emperors of Austria over the western and northern half of the country and as kings of Hungary over the Kingdom of Hungary. The Kingdom of Hungary had some ability to govern itself. It also had a say in things that affected both it and the rest of the empire. This was mainly foreign relations and defense.

The empire's capital was Vienna. Austria-Hungary was the second largest country in Europe (after the Russian Empire). It had the third most people (after Russia and the German Empire).

Creation of Austria–Hungary

The Ausgleich or compromise of February 1867 created the Empire's dualist structure. The Austrian Empire (1804–67) had lessened in strength and in power. This was because of the Austro–Sardinian War of 1859 and the Austro–Prussian War of 1866. Also, the Hungarian people were not happy with how Vienna treated them. This had been going on for many years and it led to Hungarian separation. This included the Hungarian liberal revolution of 1848–49.

Emperor Franz Joseph tried to reach an agreement with the Hungarian nobility. He needed their support to keep the empire together. The Hungarian nobility would not accept anything less than equality between themselves and the Austrian elites.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Österreich-Ungarn
azərbaycanca: Avstriya-Macarıstan
башҡортса: Австро-Венгрия
беларуская: Аўстра-Венгрыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аўстра-Вугоршчына
български: Австро-Унгария
bosanski: Austro-Ugarska
brezhoneg: Aostria-Hungaria
čeština: Rakousko-Uhersko
dolnoserbski: Awstrisko-Hungorska
français: Autriche-Hongrie
Gàidhlig: Ostair-Ungaire
hornjoserbsce: Rakusko-Wuherska
hrvatski: Austro-Ugarska
Bahasa Indonesia: Austria-Hongaria
interlingua: Austria-Hungaria
Basa Jawa: Austria-Hongaria
Kiswahili: Austria-Hungaria
latviešu: Austroungārija
Lëtzebuergesch: Éisträich-Ungarn
македонски: Австро-Унгарија
مازِرونی: اتریش-مجارستون
Bahasa Melayu: Austria-Hungary
Nordfriisk: Uasterrik-Ungarn
norsk nynorsk: Austerrike-Ungarn
Nouormand: Autriche-Hongrie
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Avstriya-Vengriya imperiyasi
Plattdüütsch: Öösterriek-Ungarn
português: Áustria-Hungria
română: Austro-Ungaria
русиньскый: Австро-Угорьско
Seeltersk: Aastriek-Ungarn
slovenčina: Rakúsko-Uhorsko
slovenščina: Avstro-Ogrska
српски / srpski: Аустроугарска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Austro-Ugarska
українська: Австро-Угорщина
Tiếng Việt: Đế quốc Áo-Hung
文言: 奧匈帝國
吴语: 奥匈帝国
粵語: 奧匈帝國
中文: 奥匈帝国
Lingua Franca Nova: Impero de Osteraic e Magiar