Austria

Republic of Austria
Republik Österreich  (German)
Anthem: 
Austria  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Vienna
48°12′N 16°21′E / 48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.200; 16.350
Official languagesGerman[a]
Ethnic groups (2012)
DemonymAustrian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
Alexander Van der Bellen
Sebastian Kurz
LegislatureParliament
Federal Council
National Council
Independence
• Margraviate of Austria
976
• Duchy of Austria
1156
• Archduchy of Austria
1453
1804
1867
• First Republic
1918
• Federal State
1934
1938
• Second Republic
since 1945
• State Treaty in effect
27 July 1955
• Joined the European Union
1 January 1995
Area
• Total
83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi) (113th)
• Water (%)
1.7
Population
• July 2017 estimate
Increase 8,794,267[2] (96th)
• Density
104/km2 (269.4/sq mi) (106th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$415.936 billion[3]
• Per capita
$47,856[3] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$387.299 billion[3] (29th)
• Per capita
$44,561[3] (14th)
Gini (2014) 27.6[4]
low · 14th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.885[5]
very high · 23rd
CurrencyEuro ()[b] (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+01)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+02)
Drives on theright
Calling code+43
ISO 3166 codeAT
Internet TLD.at[c]
  1. ^ Croatian, Czech, Hungarian, Romani, Slovak, and Slovene are officially recognised by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML).
  2. ^ Austrian schilling before 1999; Virtual Euro since 1 January 1999; Euro since 1 January 2002.
  3. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Austria (German: Österreich; officially called Republic of Austria), is a country in Central Europe. Around Austria there are the countries of Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. Currently, the chancellor is Sebastian Kurz. The previous chancellor was Christian Kern (2016 - 2017). Austria has been a member-state of the European Union since 1995.

The people in Austria speak German, a few also speak Hungarian, Slovenian and Croatian. The capital of Austria is Vienna (Wien).

Austria is more than a thousand years old. Its history can be followed to the ninth century. At that time the first people moved to the land now known as Austria. The name "Ostarrichi" is first written in an official document from 996. Since then this word has developed into the Modern German word Österreich, which literally means "East Empire."

Politics

Austria is a democratic republic. It is a neutral state, that means it does not take part in wars with other countries. It has been in the United Nations since 1955 and in the European Union since 1995.

Austria is also a federal state and divided into nine states (German: Bundesländer):

  1. Burgenland (Burgenland)
  2. Carinthia (Kärnten)
  3. Lower Austria (Niederösterreich)
  4. Salzburg(erland) (Salzburg)
  5. Styria (Steiermark)
  6. Tyrol (Tirol)
  7. Upper Austria (Oberösterreich)
  8. Vienna (Wien)
  9. Vorarlberg (Vorarlberg)

More information: States of Austria.

The federal government has been consisting of the ÖVP and the FPÖ parties since December 18, 2017. Chancellor is Sebastian Kurz (ÖVP).[7]

Other Languages
Acèh: Austria
Адыгэбзэ: Аустриэ
адыгабзэ: Аустрие
Afrikaans: Oostenryk
Akan: Austria
Alemannisch: Österreich
አማርኛ: ኦስትሪያ
Ænglisc: Ēastrīce
Аҧсшәа: Австриа
العربية: النمسا
aragonés: Austria
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܢܡܣܐ
armãneashti: Austria
arpetan: Ôtrich·e
অসমীয়া: অষ্ট্ৰিয়া
asturianu: Austria
Avañe'ẽ: Áuteria
авар: Авустур
Aymar aru: Austriya
azərbaycanca: Avstriya
تۆرکجه: اوتریش
Bân-lâm-gú: Ò-tē-lī
башҡортса: Австрия
беларуская: Аўстрыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аўстрыя
भोजपुरी: ऑस्ट्रिया
Bikol Central: Austriya
Bislama: Austria
български: Австрия
Boarisch: Östareich
bosanski: Austrija
brezhoneg: Aostria
буряад: Австри
català: Àustria
Чӑвашла: Австри
Cebuano: Awstriya
čeština: Rakousko
Chamoru: Austria
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Austria
chiShona: Austria
chiTumbuka: Austria
corsu: Austria
Cymraeg: Awstria
dansk: Østrig
davvisámegiella: Nuortariika
Deitsch: Eestereich
Deutsch: Österreich
ދިވެހިބަސް: އޮސްޓްރިއާ
dolnoserbski: Awstriska
ཇོང་ཁ: ཨས་ཊི་ཡ
eesti: Austria
Ελληνικά: Αυστρία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Àustria
English: Austria
español: Austria
Esperanto: Aŭstrio
estremeñu: Áustria
euskara: Austria
eʋegbe: Austria
فارسی: اتریش
Fiji Hindi: Austria
føroyskt: Eysturríki
français: Autriche
Frysk: Eastenryk
Fulfulde: Otiris
furlan: Austrie
Gaeilge: An Ostair
Gaelg: Yn Austeyr
Gagauz: Avstriya
Gàidhlig: An Ostair
galego: Austria
ગુજરાતી: ઑસ્ટ્રિયા
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: ऑस्ट्रिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: O-thi-li
한국어: 오스트리아
Hausa: Austriya
Hawaiʻi: ʻAukekulia
հայերեն: Ավստրիա
हिन्दी: ऑस्ट्रिया
hornjoserbsce: Awstriska
hrvatski: Austrija
Ido: Austria
Igbo: Austria
Ilokano: Austria
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অস্ট্রিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Austria
interlingua: Austria
Interlingue: Austria
Ирон: Австри
isiZulu: I-Ostriya
íslenska: Austurríki
italiano: Austria
עברית: אוסטריה
Basa Jawa: Ostenrik
kalaallisut: Østrigi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಆಸ್ಟ್ರಿಯ
Kapampangan: Austria
къарачай-малкъар: Австрия
ქართული: ავსტრია
kaszëbsczi: Aùstriô
қазақша: Аустрия
kernowek: Estrych
Kinyarwanda: Ositiriya
Kiswahili: Austria
коми: Австрия
Kongo: Autriche
Kreyòl ayisyen: Otrich
kurdî: Awistirya
Кыргызча: Австрия
кырык мары: Австри
Ladino: Austria
лакку: Австрия
лезги: Австрия
لۊری شومالی: اوتریش
latgaļu: Austreja
Latina: Austria
latviešu: Austrija
Lëtzebuergesch: Éisträich
lietuvių: Austrija
Ligure: Austria
Limburgs: Oosteriek
lingála: Otrish
Livvinkarjala: Avstrii
la .lojban.: ysteraic
lumbaart: Austria
magyar: Ausztria
मैथिली: अस्ट्रिया
македонски: Австрија
Malagasy: Aotrisy
മലയാളം: ഓസ്ട്രിയ
Malti: Awstrija
Māori: Ateria
მარგალური: ავსტრია
مصرى: النمسا
مازِرونی: اتریش
Bahasa Melayu: Austria
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ó̤-dê-lé
Mirandés: Áustria
мокшень: Австрие
монгол: Австри
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဩစတြီးယားနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Austria
Dorerin Naoero: Oteriya
Nederlands: Oostenrijk
Nedersaksies: Oostnriek
नेपाली: अस्ट्रिया
नेपाल भाषा: अस्त्रिया
Napulitano: Austria
нохчийн: Австри
Nordfriisk: Ååstenrik
Norfuk / Pitkern: Ostriya
norsk: Østerrike
norsk nynorsk: Austerrike
Nouormand: Autriche
Novial: Austria
occitan: Àustria
олык марий: Австрий
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ
Oromoo: Oostiriyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Avstriya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਆਸਟਰੀਆ
Pälzisch: Österreich
Pangasinan: Austria
پنجابی: آسٹریا
Papiamentu: Oustria
پښتو: اتريش
Patois: Aschria
Перем Коми: Австрия
Picard: Otriche
Piemontèis: Àustria
Tok Pisin: Ostria
Plattdüütsch: Öösterriek
polski: Austria
Ποντιακά: Αυστρία
português: Áustria
Qaraqalpaqsha: Avstriya
qırımtatarca: Avstriya
Ripoarisch: Österreich
română: Austria
Romani: Austriya
rumantsch: Austria
Runa Simi: Awstiriya
русиньскый: Австрія
русский: Австрия
саха тыла: Австрия
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ
Gagana Samoa: Oseteria
संस्कृतम्: आस्ट्रिया
sardu: Àustria
Scots: Austrick
Seeltersk: Aastriek
Sesotho: Austria
Sesotho sa Leboa: Austria
shqip: Austria
sicilianu: Austria
سنڌي: آسٽريا
SiSwati: IYosithiya
slovenčina: Rakúsko
slovenščina: Avstrija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Аѵстрїꙗ
ślůnski: Austrijo
Soomaaliga: Austriya
کوردی: نەمسا
Sranantongo: Ostriyakondre
српски / srpski: Аустрија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Austrija
Basa Sunda: Austria
suomi: Itävalta
svenska: Österrike
Tagalog: Austria
Taqbaylit: Tutrict
tarandíne: Austrie
татарча/tatarça: Австрия
తెలుగు: ఆస్ట్రియా
tetun: Áustria
тоҷикӣ: Австрия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᏍᏟᏯ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Austria
Türkçe: Avusturya
Türkmençe: Awstriýa
Twi: Austria
тыва дыл: Австрия
удмурт: Австрия
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Austria
українська: Австрія
اردو: آسٹریا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاۋستىرىيە
Vahcuengh: Audeihleih
vèneto: Àustria
vepsän kel’: Avstrii
Tiếng Việt: Áo
Volapük: Lösterän
Võro: Austria
walon: Otriche
文言: 奧地利
West-Vlams: Ôostnryk
Winaray: Austrya
Wolof: Otris
吴语: 奥地利
Xitsonga: Austria
ייִדיש: עסטרייך
Yorùbá: Austríà
粵語: 奧地利
Zazaki: Awıstırya
Zeêuws: Oesteriek
žemaitėška: Austrėjė
中文: 奥地利
डोटेली: अष्ट्रिया
ГӀалгӀай: Австри
Kabɩyɛ: Otirisi
Lingua Franca Nova: Osteraic