Athens

Athens
Αθήνα
Athīna
Colina de Filopapos.jpg
Location
Athens is located in Greece
Athens
Coordinates37°58′N 23°43′E / 37°58′N 23°43′E / 37.967; 23.717
Time zone:EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max):70 - 338 m (230 - 1109 ft)
Government
Country:Greece
Periphery:Attica
Districts:7
Mayor:Giorgos Kaminis  (Independent)
(since: 29 December 2010)
Population statistics (as of 2011[1])
Metropolitan
 - Population:3,737,550
 - Area:2,928.717 km² (1,131 sq mi)
 - Density:1,276 /km² (3,305 /sq mi)
Municipality
 - Population:655,780
 - Area:38.964 km² (15 sq mi)
 - Density:16,830 /km² (43,591 /sq mi)
Codes
Postal:10x xx, 11x xx, 120 xx
Telephone:21
Auto:Yxx, Zxx, Ixx (excluding ZAx and INx)
Website
www.cityofathens.gr
Flag of Greece.svg
Athens

Athens is the capital city of Greece. It is one of the most famous cities in the world. Scholars disagree on whether the city is named for the goddess Athena, or the goddess for the city. Athens has a population of about 4 million people and is growing. It is in the prefecture, or division of the country, of Attica.

History of Athens

Athens was a powerful city in Classical times. It was known for the amount of learning that happened there. The city was home to Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. It also had its own Constitution. Athens also created the world's first known democracy.

The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. The Parthenon was made a Christian church. That act saved it later from destruction of non Christian temples, in times of deep Theocracy.

The Ottoman Turks took control of Athens in 1458. The Turks made the Parthenon into a Muslim mosque. The Parthenon was later damaged in 1687 when gunpowder exploded inside it.

Athens was freed from the Turks during the Greek War of Independence (1821-1833). It was then made into the capital of Greece.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Афинхэр
Afrikaans: Athene
Alemannisch: Athen
አማርኛ: አቴና
Ænglisc: Athēnas
العربية: أثينا
aragonés: Atenas
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܬܢܘܣ
armãneashti: Athina
arpetan: Atèna
asturianu: Atenes
Avañe'ẽ: Atena
Aymar aru: Athina
azərbaycanca: Afina
تۆرکجه: آتن
bamanankan: Athens
Bân-lâm-gú: Athens
башҡортса: Афина
беларуская: Афіны
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Атэны
Bikol Central: Atenas
български: Атина
Boarisch: Athen
བོད་ཡིག: ཨ་ཐེན།
bosanski: Atina
brezhoneg: Aten
буряад: Афина
català: Atenes
Чӑвашла: Афинянсем
Cebuano: Atenas
čeština: Athény
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Atenas
Chi-Chewa: Athens
chiShona: Athens
corsu: Atene
Cymraeg: Athen
dansk: Athen
davvisámegiella: Athena
Deutsch: Athen
dolnoserbski: Atheny
eesti: Ateena
Ελληνικά: Αθήνα
English: Athens
эрзянь: Афины ош
español: Atenas
Esperanto: Ateno
estremeñu: Atenas
euskara: Atenas
فارسی: آتن
Fiji Hindi: Athens
føroyskt: Athen
français: Athènes
Frysk: Atene
Gaeilge: An Aithin
Gaelg: Yn Atheen
Gagauz: Afina
Gàidhlig: An Àithne
galego: Atenas
贛語: 雅典
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Athens
хальмг: Атен балһсн
한국어: 아테네
Hausa: Athens
Hawaiʻi: ʻAkenai
հայերեն: Աթենք
हिन्दी: एथेंस
hornjoserbsce: Athen
hrvatski: Atena (grad)
Ido: Athina
Ilokano: Atenas
Bahasa Indonesia: Athena (kota)
interlingua: Athenas
Interlingue: Athina
Ирон: Афинæтæ
isiZulu: I-Athene
íslenska: Aþena
italiano: Atene
עברית: אתונה
Basa Jawa: Aténa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಥೆನ್ಸ್
Kapampangan: Athens
къарачай-малкъар: Афинле
ქართული: ათენი
қазақша: Афина
kernowek: Athína
Kiswahili: Athens
коми: Афинъяс
Kreyòl ayisyen: Atèn
kurdî: Atîna
Кыргызча: Афины
Ladino: Atena
лезги: Афинар
لۊری شومالی: آتن
Latina: Athenae
latviešu: Atēnas
Lëtzebuergesch: Athen
lietuvių: Atėnai
Ligure: Atene
Limburgs: Athene (stad)
lingála: Atenis
Livvinkarjala: Afiinat
la .lojban.: atenas
lumbaart: Atene
magyar: Athén
मैथिली: एथेन्स
македонски: Атина
Malagasy: Athens
മലയാളം: ഏതൻസ്‌
Malti: Ateni
Māori: Ātene
मराठी: अथेन्स
მარგალური: ათენი
مصرى: اتينا
Bahasa Melayu: Athens
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ngā-diēng
Mirandés: Atenas
мокшень: Афитт
монгол: Афин
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အေသင်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Atens (Grit)
Nederlands: Athene (stad)
नेपाली: एथेन्स
नेपाल भाषा: एथेन्स
日本語: アテネ
Napulitano: Atene
нохчийн: Афина
Nordfriisk: Athen
Norfuk / Pitkern: Athens
norsk: Athen
norsk nynorsk: Aten
occitan: Atenas
олык марий: Афин
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଏଥେନ୍ସ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Afina (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਥਨਜ਼
پنجابی: ایتھنز
Papiamentu: Atenas
Patois: Atenz
Piemontèis: Atene
Plattdüütsch: Athen
polski: Ateny
Ποντιακά: Αθήνα
português: Atenas
Qaraqalpaqsha: Afina
qırımtatarca: Atina
română: Atena
rumantsch: Athen
Runa Simi: Athina
русиньскый: Атены
русский: Афины
саха тыла: Атина
Gagana Samoa: Atenai
sardu: Atene
Scots: Athens
Seeltersk: Athene (Stääd)
shqip: Athina
sicilianu: Ateni
slovenčina: Atény
slovenščina: Atene
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Аѳинꙑ
ślůnski: Atyny
کوردی: ئەتینا
српски / srpski: Атина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Atena
suomi: Ateena
svenska: Aten
Tagalog: Atenas
தமிழ்: ஏதென்ஸ்
Taqbaylit: Atena
tarandíne: Atene
татарча/tatarça: Афина
తెలుగు: ఏథెన్స్
Türkçe: Atina
Türkmençe: Atina
Twi: Atɛns
удмурт: Афины
українська: Афіни
اردو: ایتھنز
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئافېنا
vèneto: Atene
vepsän kel’: Afinad
Tiếng Việt: Athens
Volapük: Atina
Võro: Ateena
walon: Atene
文言: 雅典
West-Vlams: Athene
Winaray: Atenas
Wolof: Aten
吴语: 雅典
ייִדיש: אטען
Yorùbá: Áténì
粵語: 雅典
Zazaki: Atêna
Zeêuws: Athene
žemaitėška: Atienā
中文: 雅典
डोटेली: एथेन्स
ГӀалгӀай: Афины
Kabɩyɛ: Atɛnɩ
Lingua Franca Nova: Atina