Armenian Genocide

Massacre By Turks in Caucasus Towns, The New York Times, February 23, 1915.

The Armenian Genocide was the forcible deportation and massacring of Armenians during the government of the Young Turks from 1915 to 1917 in the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Planning

In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire went into the World War I on the side of the Central Powers. İsmail Enver, who was then the Minister of War, launched a disastrous military campaign against Russian forces in the Caucasus in hopes of capturing the city of Baku. His forces were routed at the Battle of Sarikamis, and many more of his men froze to death.

Returning to Istanbul, Enver largely blamed the Armenians living in the region for actively siding with the Russians.[2] In spite of these obstacles, the Armenians thrived under Ottoman rule. The Armenians tended to be better educated and wealthier than their Turkish neighbors, who in turn tended to resent their success. This resentment was compounded by suspicions that the Christian Armenians would be more loyal to Christian governments (that of the Russians, who shared an unstable border with Turkey) than they were to the Ottoman caliphate.

In 1914, the Ottoman Empire's War Office had already begun a propaganda drive to present Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire as a liability and threat to the country's security. An Ottoman naval officer in the War Office described the planning:

In order to justify this enormous crime the requisite propaganda material was thoroughly prepared in Istanbul. [It included such statements as] "the Armenians are in league with the enemy. They will launch an uprising in Istanbul, kill off the Ittihadist leaders and will succeed in opening the straits [of the Dardanelles]."[3]

The Ottoman government, moving quickly, arrested an estimated 250 Armenian intellectuals on the night of 24 April 1915.[4] The acts of Genocide against the Armenians continued for 9 years until 1922, with around 388,000 Armenians remaining.

The Turkish massacres of Armenians in 1894, 1895, 1896, and 1909 were still fresh in their minds.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: مذابح الأرمن
беларуская: Генацыд армян
Esperanto: Armena genocido
hornjoserbsce: Genocid Armenjanow
Bahasa Indonesia: Genosida Armenia
Basa Jawa: Genosida Armenia
Lëtzebuergesch: Armenesche Vëlkermuerd
македонски: Ерменски геноцид
Bahasa Melayu: Genosid Armenia
Nederlands: Armeense genocide
slovenščina: Armenski genocid
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Armenski genocid
татарча/tatarça: Ärmännär genotsidı
українська: Геноцид вірмен
Tiếng Việt: Diệt chủng Armenia