Arizona

State of Arizona
Flag of ArizonaState seal of Arizona
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State;
The Valentine State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus (God enriches)
State song(s): "The Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesAs of 2010
DemonymArizonan[1]
Capital
(and largest city)
Phoenix
Largest metroGreater Phoenix
AreaRanked 6th
 • Total113,990[2] sq mi
(295,234 km2)
 • Width310 miles (500 km)
 • Length400 miles (645 km)
 • % water0.35
 • Latitude31°  20′ N to 37° N
 • Longitude109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W
PopulationRanked 14th
 • Total7,016,270 (2017 est.)[3]
 • Density57/sq mi  (22/km2)
Ranked 33rd
 • Median household income$52,248 [4] (33rd)
Elevation
 • Highest pointHumphreys Peak[5][6][7]
12,637 ft (3852 m)
 • Mean4,100 ft  (1250 m)
 • Lowest pointColorado River at the Sonora border[6][7]
72 ft (22 m)
Before statehoodArizona Territory
Admission to UnionFebruary 14, 1912 (48th)
GovernorDoug Ducey (R)
Secretary of StateKatie Hobbs (D)
LegislatureArizona Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsKyrsten Sinema (D)
Martha McSally (R)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats
4 Republicans (list)
Time zones 
 • most of stateMountain: UTC −7 (no DST)
 • Navajo NationMountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166US-AZ
AbbreviationsAZ, www.az.gov
Arizona state symbols
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona-StateSeal.svg
The Seal of Arizona
Living insignia
AmphibianArizona tree frog
BirdCactus wren
ButterflyTwo-tailed swallowtail
FishApache trout
FlowerSaguaro cactus blossom
MammalRing-tailed cat
ReptileArizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
TreePalo verde
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue, old gold
FirearmColt Single Action Army revolver
FossilPetrified wood
GemstoneTurquoise
MineralFire agate
RockPetrified wood
ShipUSS Arizona
SloganThe Grand Canyon State
SoilCasa Grande
State route marker
Arizona state route marker
State quarter
Arizona quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols

Arizona is a state in the United States of America. It is considered part of the Southwestern United States and is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada to the northwest, California to the west, its northeast corner touches part of Colorado, this area is known as the Four Corners. To the south of Arizona is the country Mexico with which it shares a border of 389 miles (626 km). The state is called the "Grand Canyon State" and the "Copper State" as it is the home of the Grand Canyon and has produced large amounts of copper from its mineral deposits.

Arizona became a state on February 14th, 1912 and became the 48th state accepted into the United States. The state capital is Phoenix, which also is the largest city in the state. Phoenix is the largest capital city in the US.

Arizona's climate can be very hot. In Phoenix, the average temperature is about 107 degrees Fahrenheit (42 degrees Celsius) in summer.

Geography

Saguaro at Sunset from Saguaro National Park Rincon District east of Tucson, Arizona

Arizona is the sixth largest state in area, after New Mexico and before Nevada. Of the state's 113,998 square miles (295,000 km2), about 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations.

Arizona is best known for its desert landscape. It has plants such as the cactus. It is also known for its climate, which has very hot summers and mild winters. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central part of the state.

Mountains and plateaus are found in more than half of the state. 27% of Arizona is forest.[8] The largest stand of Ponderosa pine trees in the world is in Arizona.[9]

The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge. It is made by the Colorado River in northern Arizona. The canyon is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Most of the canyon is in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States.

Meteor Crater

Arizona is home to a well-kept meteorite impact site. The Barringer Crater (better known simply as “ Meteor Crater”) is a huge hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau. It is about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater is nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, and 570 feet (170 m) deep. Meteor Crater is a popular tourist attraction. It is privately owned by the Barringer family through the Barringer Crater Company. There is an admission fee charged to see the crater.

Arizona is one of two states that does not observe Daylight Saving Time, except in the Navajo Nation in the northeastern part of the state.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Arizona
አማርኛ: አሪዞና
Ænglisc: Arizona
العربية: أريزونا
aragonés: Arizona
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܪܝܙܘܢܐ
arpetan: Arizona
asturianu: Arizona
Avañe'ẽ: Arizona
Aymar aru: Arizona suyu
azərbaycanca: Arizona
Bân-lâm-gú: Arizona
башҡортса: Аризона
беларуская: Арызона
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арызона
भोजपुरी: एरिजोना
Bikol Central: Arizona
Bislama: Arizona
български: Аризона
Boarisch: Arizona
bosanski: Arizona
brezhoneg: Arizona
буряад: Аризона
català: Arizona
čeština: Arizona
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Arizona
corsu: Arizona
Cymraeg: Arizona
dansk: Arizona
davvisámegiella: Arizona
Deutsch: Arizona
Diné bizaad: Hoozdo Hahoodzo
eesti: Arizona
Ελληνικά: Αριζόνα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ariśòna
English: Arizona
español: Arizona
Esperanto: Arizono
euskara: Arizona
فارسی: آریزونا
Fiji Hindi: Arizona
føroyskt: Arizona
français: Arizona
Frysk: Arizona
Gaeilge: Arizona
Gaelg: Arizona
Gagauz: Arizona
Gàidhlig: Arizona
galego: Arizona
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌶𐍉𐌽𐌰
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Arizona
хальмг: Аризона
한국어: 애리조나주
Hausa: Arizona
Hawaiʻi: ‘Alikona
հայերեն: Արիզոնա
हिन्दी: एरीजोना
hornjoserbsce: Arizona
hrvatski: Arizona
Ido: Arizona
Igbo: Arizona
Ilokano: Arizona
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অ্যারিজোনা
Bahasa Indonesia: Arizona
interlingua: Arizona
Interlingue: Arizona
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐋᕇᓲᓈ
Iñupiak: Arisuuna
Ирон: Аризонæ
isiXhosa: I-Erizona
isiZulu: Arizona
íslenska: Arizona
italiano: Arizona
עברית: אריזונה
Basa Jawa: Arizona
Kabɩyɛ: Ariizonaa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಆರಿಜೋನ
Kapampangan: Arizona
ქართული: არიზონა
kaszëbsczi: Arizona
қазақша: Аризона
kernowek: Arisona
Kiswahili: Arizona
Kreyòl ayisyen: Arizona
kurdî: Arizona
кырык мары: Аризона
Ladino: Arizona
لۊری شومالی: آریزونا
Latina: Arizona
latviešu: Arizona
Lëtzebuergesch: Arizona
лезги: Аризона
lietuvių: Arizona
Ligure: Arizona
Limburgs: Arizona
Lingua Franca Nova: Arizona
lumbaart: Arizona
magyar: Arizona
मैथिली: एरिजोना
македонски: Аризона
Malagasy: Arizona
മലയാളം: അരിസോണ
Māori: Arizona
मराठी: ॲरिझोना
მარგალური: არიზონა
مصرى: اريزونا
مازِرونی: آریزونا
Bahasa Melayu: Arizona
Baso Minangkabau: Arizona
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Arizona
монгол: Аризона
Dorerin Naoero: Arizona
Nederlands: Arizona (staat)
Nedersaksies: Arizona
नेपाली: एरिजोना
नेपाल भाषा: एरिजोना
日本語: アリゾナ州
нохчийн: Аризона
Nordfriisk: Arizona
norsk: Arizona
norsk nynorsk: Arizona
occitan: Arizòna
олык марий: Аризона
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arizona
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਰੀਜ਼ੋਨਾ
پنجابی: ایریزونا
Papiamentu: Arizona
Piemontèis: Arison-a
Plattdüütsch: Arizona
polski: Arizona
português: Arizona
Qaraqalpaqsha: Arizona
română: Arizona
rumantsch: Arizona
Runa Simi: Arizona suyu
русский: Аризона
саха тыла: Аризона
Gagana Samoa: Arisona
संस्कृतम्: आरिजोना
sardu: Arizona
Scots: Arizona
Seeltersk: Arizona
shqip: Arizona
sicilianu: Arizona
سنڌي: ايرزونا
slovenčina: Arizona
slovenščina: Arizona
ślůnski: Arizůna
Soomaaliga: Arizona
کوردی: ئەریزۆنا
српски / srpski: Аризона
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arizona
suomi: Arizona
svenska: Arizona
Tagalog: Arizona
தமிழ்: அரிசோனா
Taqbaylit: Arizona
татарча/tatarça: Аризона
తెలుగు: ఆరిజోనా
Tsetsêhestâhese: Arizona
Türkçe: Arizona
українська: Аризона
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Arizona Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Arizona
Volapük: Arizona
Winaray: Arizona
ייִדיש: אריזאנע
Yorùbá: Arizona
Zazaki: Arizona
Zeêuws: Arizona
žemaitėška: Arizona