Archaeology

Archaeology, or archeology,[1] is the study of the past by looking for the remains and objects left by the people who lived long ago. These remains can include old coins, tools, buildings, and inscriptions. Archaeologists, the people who study archaeology, use these remains to understand how people lived.

Fieldwork

A 12th century BC (Bronze Age) hoard from Stockheim in Germany

When archaeologists do fieldwork, they look for remains, often by digging in the ground. As settlements (places where people lived in groups) change and grow, old buildings get buried. Usually, this is a natural process. A typical student project is to leave an object in a place where there is nothing going on. It will get covered rather quickly, because wind, water and plants will bury it. Sometimes buildings are deliberately buried to make way for new buildings. Ancient Rome, for example, is now up to 40 feet (12 metres) below the present city. This process of natural or man-made burial is why archaeological fieldwork involves digging, and is expensive and takes a long time.

When things are found, or even when nothing is found, the results of the fieldwork are taken back to a base. Short term, the base is often on or near the site. Longer term, the results will usually go to a university or museum. Everything is written down on paper or entered into a computer. Gradually, they build up a picture of what happened long ago. Archaeologists publish their research so others can understand what they learned.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Argeologie
Alemannisch: Archäologie
አማርኛ: ሥነ ቅርስ
العربية: علم الآثار
aragonés: Arqueolochía
asturianu: Arqueoloxía
azərbaycanca: Arxeologiya
Bân-lâm-gú: Khó-kó͘-ha̍k
башҡортса: Археология
беларуская: Археалогія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Археалёгія
български: Археология
Boarisch: Archäologie
bosanski: Arheologija
brezhoneg: Arkeologiezh
català: Arqueologia
Cebuano: Arkeyolohiya
čeština: Archeologie
Cymraeg: Archaeoleg
dansk: Arkæologi
Deutsch: Archäologie
Ελληνικά: Αρχαιολογία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Archeologî
English: Archaeology
español: Arqueología
Esperanto: Arkeologio
estremeñu: Arqueologia
euskara: Arkeologia
français: Archéologie
Frysk: Archeology
furlan: Archeologjie
Gàidhlig: Àrc-eòlas
galego: Arqueoloxía
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kháu-kú-ho̍k
한국어: 고고학
hrvatski: Arheologija
Bahasa Indonesia: Arkeologi
interlingua: Archeologia
Interlingue: Archeologia
íslenska: Fornleifafræði
italiano: Archeologia
Basa Jawa: Arkéologi
kalaallisut: Ittarnisarsiorneq
ქართული: არქეოლოგია
kaszëbsczi: Archeòlogijô
қазақша: Археология
Kiswahili: Akiolojia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Akeyoloji
kurdî: Arkeolojî
Кыргызча: Археология
Ladino: Arkeolojiya
Latina: Archaeologia
latviešu: Arheoloģija
Lëtzebuergesch: Archeologie
lietuvių: Archeologija
Ligure: Archeologia
Limburgs: Archeologie
Lingua Franca Nova: Arceolojia
Livvinkarjala: Arheolougii
magyar: Régészet
македонски: Археологија
მარგალური: არქეოლოგია
Bahasa Melayu: Arkeologi
Mirandés: Arqueologie
монгол: Археологи
Nederlands: Archeologie
Nedersaksies: Ooldheaidkeunde
नेपाल भाषा: पुरातत्व
日本語: 考古学
Napulitano: Archeologgia
norsk: Arkeologi
norsk nynorsk: Arkeologi
Nouormand: Archéologie
occitan: Arqueologia
олык марий: Археологий
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arxeologiya
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បុរាណវិទ្យា
Picard: Arkéolodjie
Tok Pisin: Akiolosi
Plattdüütsch: Archäologie
polski: Archeologia
português: Arqueologia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Arxeologiya
română: Arheologie
русиньскый: Археолоґія
русский: Археология
саха тыла: Археология
sicilianu: Archioluggìa
slovenčina: Archeológia
slovenščina: Arheologija
српски / srpski: Археологија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arheologija
Basa Sunda: Arkéologi
suomi: Arkeologia
svenska: Arkeologi
Tagalog: Arkeolohiya
tetun: Akarolojia
Türkçe: Arkeoloji
Türkmençe: Arheologiýa
українська: Археологія
اردو: آثاریات
vèneto: Archiołogia
Tiếng Việt: Khảo cổ học
Volapük: Vönotav
West-Vlams: Archeologie
Winaray: Arkeyolohiya
ייִדיש: ארכעאלאגיע
粵語: 考古
Zazaki: Arkeolociye
Zeêuws: Archeolohie
žemaitėška: Arkeuoluogėjė
中文: 考古学