Aosta

Aosta
Comune
Città di Aosta
Ville d'Aoste
A view of Aosta from the mountains
A view of Aosta from the mountains
Coat of arms of Aosta
Coat of arms
Aosta is located in Italy
Aosta
Aosta
Location of Aosta in Italy
Coordinates: 45°44′N 07°19′E / 45°44′N 07°19′E / 45.733; 7.317
CountryItaly
RegionAosta Valley
Province / Metropolitan cityAosta Valley (AO)
Government
 • MayorBruno Giordano
Area
 • Total21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation583 m (1,913 ft)
Population (December 31, 2010)
 • Total35,049
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Italian: Aostani
French: Aostois
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code11100
Dialing code0165
Patron saintSaint Gratus
Saint dayOctober 8
Websitewww.comune.aosta.it
Arch of Augustus
Porta Prætoria: The Praetorian Gate, the eastern entrance to the Roman city

Aosta (Italian: Aosta, French: Aoste) is a city in northern Italy. It is the capital city of the Valle d'Aosta (French: Vallée d'Aoste) region. It is roughly in the middle of the region, along the Dora Baltea (French: Doire baltée), the main river that flows in the valley. It is at 583 m above sea level. Around the city there are many mountains (the Alps).

Romans conquered the area in 25 BC. Later, the city was conquered by the Frankish Empire after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Finally, it went under control of the House of Savoy in the 11th century. Many Roman buildings still survive in the city, like the east and south gates. The basic plan of the city, with rectangular blocks of streets, is Roman.

History

The valley of Aosta is a typical alpine valley, cut into a V-shape by glaciers during the ice age. It runs from an upper part near Mont Blanc to lower areas like the city of Aosta.

The area has been Roman, French and Italian (House of Savoy) before the unification of Italy. All street names are in French and Italian, and dialects of French are still spoken by many.

Roman Aosta

The Romans defeated the local Salassi tribe in 25 BC.[1] Their commander, Marcus Terentius Varro, then founded the Roman colony of Augusta Praetoria Salassorum, housing 3,000 retired veterans.

After 11 BC Aosta became the capital of the Alpes Graies ("Grey Alps") province of the Empire.

Significance

Aosta is at the join of two rivers. It is at the end of the Great St Bernard Pass (which leads to Switzerland) and the Little St Bernard Pass (which leads to France). Its position gave it considerable military importance, and the layout of the town was that of a Roman military camp.

The valley was a way for trade and soldiers to get from Italy to Gaul (later, France). This explains its importance to the Romans. Now it sits near the Italian entrance of the Mont Blanc Tunnel.

At present Aosta Valley is a semi-autonomous region in northwestern Italy. It is the smallest region in Italy, and is not divided into provinces.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Aosta
العربية: أوستا
aragonés: Aosta
arpetan: Aoûta
azərbaycanca: Aosta
تۆرکجه: ائوستا
български: Аоста
bosanski: Aosta
brezhoneg: Aosta
català: Aosta
Cebuano: Aosta
čeština: Aosta
Cymraeg: Aosta
dansk: Aosta
Deutsch: Aosta
Ελληνικά: Αόστα
English: Aosta
español: Aosta
Esperanto: Aosto
euskara: Aosta
فارسی: ائوستا
français: Aoste
furlan: Aoste
Gaeilge: Aosta
galego: Aosta
한국어: 아오스타
Հայերեն: Աոստա
hrvatski: Aosta
Bahasa Indonesia: Aosta
interlingua: Aosta
Ирон: Аостæ
italiano: Aosta
עברית: אאוסטה
Basa Jawa: Aosta
Kapampangan: Aosta
ქართული: აოსტა
қазақша: Аоста
Kiswahili: Aosta
latviešu: Aosta
lietuvių: Aosta
Ligure: Aosta
lumbaart: Aosta
magyar: Aosta
Bahasa Melayu: Aosta
Nāhuatl: Aosta
Nederlands: Aosta
日本語: アオスタ
Napulitano: Aosta
нохчийн: Аоста
norsk: Aosta
norsk nynorsk: Aosta
occitan: Aosta
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Aosta
Papiamentu: Aosta
Piemontèis: Osta
polski: Aosta
português: Aosta
română: Aosta
русский: Аоста
sardu: Aosta
Scots: Aosta
shqip: Aosta
sicilianu: Aosta
slovenčina: Aosta
slovenščina: Aosta
српски / srpski: Аоста
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aosta
suomi: Aosta
svenska: Aosta
Tagalog: Aosta
tarandíne: Aosta
татарча/tatarça: Аоста
Türkçe: Aosta
українська: Аоста
اردو: آئوستا
vèneto: Aosta
Tiếng Việt: Aosta
Volapük: Aosta
Winaray: Aosta
粵語: 阿柯斯達
中文: 奥斯塔