Anubis with head of jackal holding an ankh and a was-sceptre
in hieroglyphs

Anubis is the protector of the gates to the Underworld, Osiris replaced him as the god of the dead. He looks like a man with the head of a jackal (a scavenging and hunting animal, native to Africa, that is closely related to wolves).

Anubis's Purpose

Anubis, as the god of the afterlife, was closely associated with mummification and burial rites. Egyptian jackals had an association with the dead, as well. They were often found digging up buried bodies and eating them, which may be why Anubis was depicted as part jackal. The priests who mummified the dead kings (called pharaohs) wore costumes to make them appear like jackals.

The Egyptian people believed that Anubis helped decide the fate of the dead in the afterlife. The heart of the dead was weighed against the feather of truth (representing the goddess Ma'at), to see if the deceased was worthy of entering the afterlife. If the person had lived an evil life, his or her heart would be heavy with evil, and he or she would be eaten by Ammit (the Devourer). If a person was kind and good, the heart would be light, he or she could continue on to the afterlife safe and sound to meet Osiris. [1]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Anoebis
Alemannisch: Anubis
العربية: أنوبيس
aragonés: Anubis
asturianu: Anubis
azərbaycanca: Anubis
বাংলা: আনুবিস
беларуская: Анубіс
български: Анубис
bosanski: Anubis
brezhoneg: Anubis
català: Anubis
čeština: Anup
Cymraeg: Anubis
dansk: Anubis
Deutsch: Anubis
eesti: Anubis
Ελληνικά: Άνουβις
English: Anubis
español: Anubis
Esperanto: Anubo
euskara: Anubis
فارسی: آنوبیس
français: Anubis
Gaeilge: Anúbas
galego: Anubis
한국어: 아누비스
հայերեն: Անուբիս
हिन्दी: अनूबिस
hrvatski: Anubis
Bahasa Hulontalo: Anubis
Bahasa Indonesia: Anubis
íslenska: Anúbis
italiano: Anubi
עברית: אנוביס
ქართული: ანუბისი
қазақша: Анубис
Latina: Anubis
latviešu: Anubiss
lietuvių: Anubis
magyar: Anubisz
македонски: Анубис
മലയാളം: അനൂബിസ്
მარგალური: ანუბისი
مصرى: انوبيس
Bahasa Melayu: Anubis
монгол: Анубис
Nederlands: Anubis (god)
Nedersaksies: Anubis (god)
日本語: アヌビス
norsk: Anubis
occitan: Inpo
polski: Anubis
português: Anúbis
română: Anubis
русский: Анубис
Scots: Anubis
shqip: Anubis
sicilianu: Anubbis
سنڌي: آنوبيس
slovenčina: Anup
slovenščina: Anubis
کوردی: ئەنوبیس
српски / srpski: Анубис
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Anubis
suomi: Anubis
svenska: Anubis
Tagalog: Anubis
тоҷикӣ: Анубис
Türkçe: Anubis
українська: Анубіс
اردو: آنوبیس
Tiếng Việt: Anubis
中文: 阿努比斯