Andaman Sea

Map of Andaman Sea

The Andaman Sea or Burma Sea is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal. It is south of Burma, west of Thailand and east of the Andaman Islands, India. It is part of the Indian Ocean.[1][2]

The sea has been used for fishery and transportation of goods between the coastal countries. Its coral reefs and islands are popular for tourism. Many building were badly damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.

The average depth of the sea is about 1,000 meters (3,300 ft). The northern and eastern parts are shallower than 180 meters (600 ft) due to the silt deposited by the Irrawaddy River. This major river flows into the sea from the north through Burma. The western and central areas are 900–3,000 meters deep (3,000–10,000 ft). Less than 5% of the sea is deeper than 3,000 meters (10,000 ft). In a system of submarine valleys east of the Andaman-Nicobar Ridge, the depth is more than 4,000 meters (13,200 ft).[2] The sea floor is covered with pebbles, gravel and sand.[1]


The coastal areas of the Andaman Sea have mangrove forests and seagrass meadows.[3] The mangrove roots trap soil and sediment. They provide shelter and are a nursery for fish and small aquatic organisms. Their body protects the shore from the wind and waves. Their detritus are a part of the aquatic food chain.

Other important sources of nutrients in the Andaman Sea are seagrass and the mud bottoms of lagoons and coastal areas. Many aquatic species move from and to seagrass either daily or at certain stages of their life cycle.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Andamanse See
العربية: بحر أندامان
asturianu: Mar d'Andamán
azərbaycanca: Andaman dənizi
башҡортса: Андаман диңгеҙе
беларуская: Андаманскае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Андаманскае мора
български: Андаманско море
bosanski: Andamansko more
brezhoneg: Mor Andaman
català: Mar d'Andaman
Cebuano: Andaman Sea
Cymraeg: Môr Andaman
Deutsch: Andamanensee
English: Andaman Sea
español: Mar de Andamán
Esperanto: Andamana Maro
français: Mer d'Andaman
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Andaman Hói
한국어: 안다만해
hrvatski: Andamansko more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Andaman
íslenska: Andamanhaf
עברית: ים אנדמן
Basa Jawa: Segara Andaman
Кыргызча: Андаман деңизи
кырык мары: Андаман тангыж
latviešu: Andamanu jūra
lietuvių: Andamanų jūra
македонски: Андаманско Море
മലയാളം: ആൻഡമാൻ കടൽ
მარგალური: ანდამანიშ ზუღა
مازِرونی: آندامان
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Andaman
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကပ္ပလီပင်လယ်
Nederlands: Andamanse Zee
norsk nynorsk: Andamanhavet
occitan: Mar d'Andaman
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Andaman dengizi
português: Mar de Andamão
română: Marea Andaman
slovenčina: Andamanské more
slovenščina: Andamansko morje
српски / srpski: Андаманско море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Andamansko more
svenska: Andamansjön
Türkçe: Andaman Denizi
українська: Андаманське море
Tiếng Việt: Biển Andaman
文言: 安達曼海
Winaray: Dagat Andaman
吴语: 安达曼海
粵語: 安達曼海
中文: 安达曼海