Ancient Rome

The Roman Empire at its greatest extent under Trajan in AD 117
German and Hun tribes invaded the Roman Empire, 100–500 AD. These invasions eventually caused the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD

Ancient Rome is the name for a civilization in Italy. It began as a small farming community in the 8th century BC. It became a city and took the name of Roma from its founder Romulus. It grew to become the largest empire in the ancient world.[1] It started as a kingdom, then became a republic, then an empire.

The Roman Empire was so big that there were problems ruling a territory which stretched from Britain to the Middle East. In 293 AD, Diocletian split the empire into two parts. A century later, in 395 AD, it was permanently split into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire.The Western Empire ended because of the Germanic tribe, the Visigoths in 476 AD. In the 5th century AD, the western part of the empire split up into different kingdoms. The eastern Roman Empire stayed together as the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire was defeated by the Ottoman Empire in 1453.

Rome was founded, according to legend [2], on 21 April 753 BC and fell in 476 AD, having nearly 1200 years of independence and roughly 700 years of rule as a major power in the ancient world. [3] This makes it one of the longest lasting civilizations in the antiquity.

Culture

For the main article, see Culture of ancient Rome

Roman culture spread to Western Europe and the area around the Mediterranean Sea. Its history still has a big influence on the world today. For example, Roman ideas about laws, government, art, literature, and language are important to European culture. The Roman language, Latin, slowly evolved, becoming modern French, Spanish, Italian, and Romanian. Latin also influenced many other languages like English.

Religion

Beginning with Emperor Nero in the first century AD, the Roman government did not like Christianity. At certain points in history, people could be put to death because they were Christians. Under Emperor Diocletian, the persecution of Christians became the strongest. However, Christianity became an officially supported religion in the Roman Empire under Constantine I, who was the next Emperor. With the signing of the Edict of Milan in 313, it quickly became the biggest religion. Then in 391 AD by an edict of Emperor Theodosius I made Christianity Rome's official religion.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Antieke Rome
Alemannisch: Römisches Reich
العربية: روما القديمة
aragonés: Antiga Roma
asturianu: Antigua Roma
azərbaycanca: Qədim Roma
تۆرکجه: قدیم روم
Bân-lâm-gú: Kó͘-tāi Lô-má
башҡортса: Боронғо Рим
беларуская: Старажытны Рым
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Старажытны Рым
български: Древен Рим
Boarisch: Remisches Reich
bosanski: Antički Rim
brezhoneg: Henroma
català: Antiga Roma
Чӑвашла: Авалхи Рим
Cebuano: Karaang Roma
Diné bizaad: Roman dineʼé
eesti: Rooma riik
Ελληνικά: Αρχαία Ρώμη
English: Ancient Rome
español: Antigua Roma
Esperanto: Romio
français: Rome antique
furlan: Rome antighe
galego: Roma antiga
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kú Lò-mâ
한국어: 고대 로마
հայերեն: Հին Հռոմ
hrvatski: Antički Rim
Bahasa Indonesia: Romawi Kuno
interlingua: Roma antique
isiZulu: Rhomani
íslenska: Rómaveldi
italiano: Civiltà romana
ქართული: ძველი რომი
қазақша: Ежелгі Рим
Kiswahili: Roma ya Kale
коми: Важ Рим
Kreyòl ayisyen: Wòm ansyen
Кыргызча: Байыркы Рим
latviešu: Senā Roma
lietuvių: Senovės Roma
magyar: Ókori Róma
македонски: Римски период
Bahasa Melayu: Rom kuno
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gū Lò̤-mā
Mirandés: Roma Antiga
Nederlands: Oude Rome
नेपाल भाषा: प्राचीन रोम
日本語: 古代ローマ
Nordfriisk: Röömsk Rik
norsk: Romerriket
occitan: Roma antica
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qadimgi Rim
پنجابی: پرانا روم
Перем Коми: Важ Рим
Piemontèis: Siviltà roman-a
Plattdüütsch: Röömsch Riek
português: Roma Antiga
română: Roma Antică
rumantsch: Imperi roman
русиньскый: Старовікый Рим
русский: Древний Рим
Sesotho sa Leboa: Roma ya kgale
sicilianu: Antica Roma
slovenčina: Staroveký Rím
ślůnski: Starożytny Rzim
کوردی: ڕۆمای کۆن
српски / srpski: Антички Рим
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Antički Rim
татарча/tatarça: Борынгы Рим
тоҷикӣ: Руми Қадим
Türkçe: Antik Roma
українська: Стародавній Рим
اردو: قدیم روم
Tiếng Việt: La Mã cổ đại
Võro: Vana-Rooma
文言: 古羅馬
Winaray: Hadton Roma
吴语: 古罗马
ייִדיש: אוראלט רוים
粵語: 古羅馬
Zazaki: Roma Antike
中文: 古罗马
Lingua Franca Nova: Roma antica