Allied-occupied Germany

Allied-Administered Germany
Allied Occupation Zones in Germany
Military occupation
19451949
Flag
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
CapitalBerlin (de jure)
Political structureMilitary occupation
Governors (1945)
 • UK zoneField Marshal Montgomery
 • French zoneGeneral Lattre de Tassigny
 • US zoneGeneral Eisenhower
 • Soviet zoneMarshal Zhukov
Historical eraCold War
 • SurrenderMay 8, 1945
 • Allied Control CouncilJuly 5, 1945 1945
 • Saar protectorateDecember 15, 1947
 • West Germany23 May, 1949
 • East Germany7 October, 1949 1949
 • Final Settlement¹September 12, 1990
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Third Reich
West Germany
Saar (protectorate)
East Germany
¹ German reunification took place on October 3, 1990.
Occupied Berlin.svg

The four sectors of Allied occupation in Berlin

After World War II Nazi Germany west of the Oder-Neisse line was divided into four occupation zones. This had been agreed in London in September 1944.

They were occupied by the allied powers who defeated Germany (the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States) and by France. This was done for administrative purposes during the period 1945-1949.

In the closing weeks of fighting in Europe the American forces had actually pushed beyond the previously agreed upon occupation zone boundaries, sometimes by as much as 200 miles. After about two months of holding certain areas meant to be in the Soviet zone, the American forces withdrew during July 1945.

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