World War II
Nazi Germany west of the
Oder-Neisse line was divided into four occupation zones.
They were occupied by the
allied powers who defeated Germany (the
Soviet Union, the
United Kingdom and the
United States) and by
France. This was done for administrative purposes during the period
In the closing weeks of fighting in Europe the American forces had actually pushed beyond the previously agreed upon occupation zone boundaries, sometimes by as much as 200 miles. After about two months of holding certain areas meant to be in the Soviet zone, the American forces withdrew during July 1945.