Albania

Republic of Albania
Republika e Shqipërisë  (Albanian)
Motto: 
"Ti, Shqipëri, më jep nder, më jep emrin Shqiptar"
(Albanian)
"You, Albania, give me honor, give me the name Albanian"
Anthem: Himni i Flamurit  
(Albanian)
"Hymn to the Flag"

Albania  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tirana
Official languagesAlbanian1
Ethnic groups95% Albanians, 3-6% Greeks,
2% others
DemonymAlbanian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
Ilir Meta[1]
Edi Rama
Formation
1190
2 March 1444
• Independence from the Ottoman Empire
28 November 1912
2 December 1912
28 November 1998
Area
• Total
28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi) (143rd)
• Water (%)
4.7
Population
• 2011 estimate
2,994,667 (136th)
• 2001 census
3,069,275
• Density
111.1/km2 (287.7/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$25.035 billion[2]
• Per capita
$7,780[2]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$13.292 billion[2]
• Per capita
$4,131[2]
Gini (2005)26.7[3]
low
HDI (2011)Increase 0.739[4]
high · 70th
CurrencyLek (ALL)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code355
ISO 3166 codeAL
Internet TLD.al
  1. Greek, Macedonian and other regional languages, are government-recognized minority languages.

Albania (officially called Republic of Albania; Albanian: Shqipëria) is an independent republic in Southeastern Europe, with an area of 28,748 square kilometres (11,100 sq mi). The capital is Tirana, and other important cities are Durrës, Elbasan and Vlora. Over 3 million people live in Albania. The majority of Albanians are Muslims with 55%, 23% Eastern Orthodox and 15% Roman Catholics.

Albania is next to Kosovo, Montenegro, Greece and Macedonia. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea in the west, and a coast on the Ionian Sea in the southwest. The official language is Albanian. The national anthem is Hymni i Flamurit.

History

Albania was the southern part of Illyria during the Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages the Albanians were ruled by many foreign countries, including the Byzantine and Venetian Empires and during the 16th century resistance to the Ottoman Empire's rule was led by the Albanian national hero Skanderberg. After four centuries of Turkish domination, finally in the 20th century an independent Albania was created. In 1939 Albania was conquered by fascist Italy and was part of the Kingdom of Italy until 1943. After World War II Albania became independent again, under communist rule. It was ruled by Enver Hoxha, who died in 1985. Ramiz Alia took over and also later became President when, in 1992, Albania returned to democracy, and it now has friendly relations with the European Union, which it has applied to join.

Other Languages
Acèh: Albania
Адыгэбзэ: Албаниэ
адыгабзэ: Албание
Afrikaans: Albanië
Akan: Albania
Alemannisch: Albanien
አማርኛ: አልባኒያ
Ænglisc: Albania
العربية: ألبانيا
aragonés: Albania
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܠܒܢܝܐ
armãneashti: Arbinișia
arpetan: Albanie
অসমীয়া: আলবেনিয়া
asturianu: Albania
Avañe'ẽ: Aváña
авар: Албан
azərbaycanca: Albaniya
تۆرکجه: آلبانی
Bân-lâm-gú: Albania
башҡортса: Албания
беларуская: Албанія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Альбанія
भोजपुरी: अल्बानिया
Bikol Central: Albanya
Bislama: Albania
български: Албания
Boarisch: Oibanien
བོད་ཡིག: ཨལ་པ་ཉི་ཡ།
bosanski: Albanija
brezhoneg: Albania
буряад: Албани
català: Albània
Чӑвашла: Албани
Cebuano: Albanya
čeština: Albánie
Chamoru: Albania
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Albania
chiShona: Albania
chiTumbuka: Albania
corsu: Albania
Cymraeg: Albania
dansk: Albanien
davvisámegiella: Albánia
Deitsch: Albaani
Deutsch: Albanien
ދިވެހިބަސް: އަލްބޭނިއާ
dolnoserbski: Albańska
डोटेली: अल्बानिया
eesti: Albaania
Ελληνικά: Αλβανία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Albanî
English: Albania
español: Albania
Esperanto: Albanio
estremeñu: Albánia
euskara: Albania
eʋegbe: Albania
فارسی: آلبانی
Fiji Hindi: Albania
føroyskt: Albania
français: Albanie
Frysk: Albaanje
Fulfulde: Albaniya
furlan: Albanie
Gaeilge: An Albáin
Gaelg: Yn Albaan
Gagauz: Albaniya
Gàidhlig: Albàinia
galego: Albania
Gĩkũyũ: Arũmbĩnia
ગુજરાતી: આલ્બેનિયા
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌾𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अल्बानिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Albania
한국어: 알바니아
Hausa: Albaniya
Hawaiʻi: ʻAlepania
հայերեն: Ալբանիա
हिन्दी: अल्बानिया
hornjoserbsce: Albanska
hrvatski: Albanija
Ido: Albania
Igbo: Albania
Ilokano: Albania
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আলবেনিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Albania
interlingua: Albania
Interlingue: Albania
Ирон: Албани
isiZulu: I-Albaniya
íslenska: Albanía
italiano: Albania
עברית: אלבניה
Basa Jawa: Albani
kalaallisut: Albania
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲ್ಬೇನಿಯ
Kapampangan: Albania
къарачай-малкъар: Албания
ქართული: ალბანეთი
kaszëbsczi: Albańskô
қазақша: Албания
kernowek: Albani
Kinyarwanda: Alubaniya
Kiswahili: Albania
коми: Албания
Kongo: Albania
Kreyòl ayisyen: Albani
kurdî: Albanya
Кыргызча: Албания
кырык мары: Албани
Ladino: Albania
لۊری شومالی: آلبانی
latgaļu: Albaneja
Latina: Albania
latviešu: Albānija
Lëtzebuergesch: Albanien
lietuvių: Albanija
Ligure: Albania
Limburgs: Albanië
lingála: Albania
Lingua Franca Nova: Xciperia
Livvinkarjala: Albuanii
lumbaart: Albania
magyar: Albánia
मैथिली: अल्बानिया
македонски: Албанија
Malagasy: Albania
മലയാളം: അൽബേനിയ
Malti: Albanija
Māori: Arapeinia
მარგალური: ალბანეთი
مصرى: البانيا
مازِرونی: آلبانی
Bahasa Melayu: Albania
Baso Minangkabau: Albania
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Albania
Mirandés: Albánia
мокшень: Албания
монгол: Албани
Dorerin Naoero: Arbainiya
Nederlands: Albanië
Nedersaksies: Albanië
नेपाली: अल्बानिया
नेपाल भाषा: अल्बानिया
日本語: アルバニア
Napulitano: Albania
нохчийн: Албани
Nordfriisk: Albaanien/öö
Norfuk / Pitkern: Elbanya
norsk: Albania
norsk nynorsk: Albania
Novial: Albania
occitan: Albania
олык марий: Албаний
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଲବାନିଆ
Oromoo: Albeeniyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Albaniya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲਬਾਨੀਆ
Pangasinan: Shqip
پنجابی: البانیا
Papiamentu: Albania
پښتو: البانیا
Patois: Albienia
Перем Коми: Штиприя
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អាល់បានី
Picard: Albanie
Piemontèis: Albanìa
Tok Pisin: Albenia
Plattdüütsch: Albanien
polski: Albania
Ποντιακά: Αλβανία
português: Albânia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Albaniya
qırımtatarca: Arnavutlıq
reo tahiti: Arapania
Ripoarisch: Albanien
română: Albania
Romani: Shkiperiya
rumantsch: Albania
Runa Simi: Albanya
русиньскый: Албанія
русский: Албания
саха тыла: Албания
संस्कृतम्: अल्बेनिया
Sängö: Albanïi
sardu: Albania
Scots: Albanie
Seeltersk: Albanien
Sesotho: Albania
Sesotho sa Leboa: Albania
shqip: Shqipëria
sicilianu: Albanìa
سنڌي: البانيا
SiSwati: I-Alibheniya
slovenčina: Albánsko
slovenščina: Albanija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Алванїꙗ
ślůnski: Albańijo
Soomaaliga: Albania
کوردی: ئالبانیا
Sranantongo: Albanikondre
српски / srpski: Албанија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Albanija
Basa Sunda: Albania
suomi: Albania
svenska: Albanien
Tagalog: Albanya
Taqbaylit: Albanya
tarandíne: Albanie
татарча/tatarça: Албания
తెలుగు: అల్బేనియా
tetun: Albánia
ትግርኛ: ኣልባኒያ
тоҷикӣ: Албания
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᎵᏇᏂᏯ
Türkçe: Arnavutluk
Türkmençe: Albaniýa
Twi: Albania
тыва дыл: Албания
удмурт: Албания
українська: Албанія
اردو: البانیا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئالبانىيە
Vahcuengh: Albania
vèneto: Albania
vepsän kel’: Albanii
Tiếng Việt: Albania
Volapük: Lalbanän
Võro: Albaania
West-Vlams: Albanië
Winaray: Albanya
Wolof: Albaani
Xitsonga: Albania
ייִדיש: אלבאניע
Yorùbá: Albáníà
Zazaki: Arnawudiye
Zeêuws: Albanië
žemaitėška: Albanėjė