Alaska

State of Alaska
Flag of Alaska State seal of Alaska
Flag of Alaska Seal
Nickname(s): The Last Frontier,
The Land of the Midnight Sun
Motto(s): North to the Future
Map of the United States with Alaska highlighted
Spoken languages English 85.7%, Native North American 5.2%, Spanish 2.9%
Capital Juneau
Largest city Anchorage
Area Ranked 1st
 - Total 663,267 sq mi
(1,717,854 km2)
 - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)
 - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)
 - % water 13.77
 - Latitude 51°20'N to 71°50'N
 - Longitude 130°W to 173°E
Number of people Ranked 47th
 - Total 670,035 [1]
 -  Density 1.2/sq mi  (0.45/km2)
Ranked 52nd
 -  Average income $54,627 (6th)
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Mount McKinley
20,321 ft (6,194 m)
 - Average 10,039 ft  (3,060 m)
 - Lowest point sea level
Became part of the U.S. January 3, 1959 (49th)
Governor Bill Walker (I)
U.S. Senators Lisa Murkowski (R)
Dan Sullivan (R)
Time zones  
 - east of 169° 30' Alaska: UTC-9/ DST-8
 - west of 169° 30' Aleutian: UTC-10/ DST-9
Abbreviations AK, US-AK
Website www.state.ak.us

Alaska ( ə/ ( About this sound  listen)) is a state in the United States. It is in the Northwest corner of the continent of North America. Alaska does not touch any other US state. It has borders with Canada, the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and the Bering Strait.

Alaska is the biggest state in the United States. [2] It is the 4th least populated state (there are 3 other states with fewer people living there.) It has the lowest population density of all the states. About half of the population of Alaska lives in the Anchorage metropolitan area. 722,718 people live in Alaska. [3]

The United States bought Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867. This was called the Alaska Purchase. It cost $7.2 million. Today, that would be $120 million. The price was about $0.02 per acre ($4.74/km2). Alaska became an organized (or incorporated) territory on May 11, 1912. It became the 49th state on January 3, 1959. [4]

The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsaq. This means "the mainland" or "the object towards which the action of the sea is directed." [5] The land is also called Alyeska, which is another Aleut word that means "the great land." The Russian name was Аляска.

Geography

Map showing how big Alaska is compared to the other states

The capital city is Juneau, but the biggest city is Anchorage. Alaska is the biggest state in the United States, but it almost has the least people. Alaska has almost 20% of all the land in the U.S., but only about 0.2% of the people. It is not connected to any other states by American land, but it is connected to Canada.

Alaska has many glaciers, some of which are can be seen from passing cruise ships. Some are coastal, and others are not by the ocean. It is a popular tourist destination, as there is a very rich culture along with beautiful scenery. There are many wild animals in Alaska. Some of them are the brown bear, the moose, and the wolf.

There are some important industries in Alaska, like oil, fishing, mining, and forestry. Oil is the biggest industry in Alaska. Most of the oil is very far north in the Alaskan arctic. A very long pipeline starts at the northern coast of Alaska and runs to the southern coast. It is over 800 miles (1,300 km) long. There were many gold rushes in Alaska.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Alaska
Alemannisch: Alaska
አማርኛ: አላስካ
Ænglisc: Alaska
العربية: ألاسكا
aragonés: Alaska
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܠܐܣܟܐ
arpetan: Alaska
asturianu: Alaska
Avañe'ẽ: Alaska
Aymar aru: Alaska suyu
azərbaycanca: Alyaska
বাংলা: আলাস্কা
Bân-lâm-gú: Alaska
башҡортса: Аляска
беларуская: Аляска
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аляска (штат)
भोजपुरी: अलास्का
Bikol Central: Alaska
Bislama: Alaska
български: Аляска
Boarisch: Alaska
bosanski: Aljaska
brezhoneg: Alaska
буряад: Аляска
català: Alaska
Чӑвашла: Аляска
Cebuano: Alaska
čeština: Aljaška
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Alaska
corsu: Alaska
Cymraeg: Alaska
dansk: Alaska
davvisámegiella: Alaska
Deutsch: Alaska
dolnoserbski: Alaska
eesti: Alaska
Ελληνικά: Αλάσκα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Alàska
English: Alaska
español: Alaska
Esperanto: Alasko
euskara: Alaska
فارسی: آلاسکا
Fiji Hindi: Alaska
føroyskt: Alaska
français: Alaska
Frysk: Alaska
Gaeilge: Alasca
Gaelg: Alaska
Gagauz: Alaska
Gàidhlig: Alasca
galego: Alasca
ગુજરાતી: અલાસ્કા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Alaska
хальмг: Аляска
한국어: 알래스카 주
Hawaiʻi: ‘Ālaka
हिन्दी: अलास्का
hornjoserbsce: Alaska
hrvatski: Aljaska
Ido: Alaska
Igbo: Àláskà
Ilokano: Alaska
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আলাস্কা
Bahasa Indonesia: Alaska
interlingua: Alaska
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᓛᓯᑲ
Iñupiak: Alaska
Ирон: Аляскæ
íslenska: Alaska
italiano: Alaska
עברית: אלסקה
Basa Jawa: Alaska
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲಾಸ್ಕ
Kapampangan: Alaska
ქართული: ალასკა
қазақша: Аляска
kernowek: Alaska
Kiswahili: Alaska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Alaska
Kurdî: Alaska
Кыргызча: Аляска
кырык мары: Аляска
Ladino: Alaska
лезги: Аляска
لۊری شومالی: آلاسکا
Latina: Alasca
latviešu: Aļaska
Lëtzebuergesch: Alaska
lietuvių: Aliaska
Ligure: Alaska
Limburgs: Alaska
lumbaart: Alaska
magyar: Alaszka
मैथिली: अलास्का
македонски: Алјаска
Malagasy: Alaska
മലയാളം: അലാസ്ക
Māori: Alaska
मराठी: अलास्का
მარგალური: ალასკა
مصرى: الاسكا
مازِرونی: آلاسکا
Bahasa Melayu: Alaska
Baso Minangkabau: Alaska
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Alaska
мокшень: Аляска
монгол: Аляска
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အလက်စကာပြည်နယ်
Nāhuatl: Alaska
Dorerin Naoero: Alaska
Nederlands: Alaska
Nedersaksies: Alaska
नेपाली: अलास्का
नेपाल भाषा: अलास्का
日本語: アラスカ州
нохчийн: Аляска
Nordfriisk: Alaska
Norfuk / Pitkern: Alaska
norsk: Alaska
norsk nynorsk: Alaska
Novial: Alaska
occitan: Alaska
олык марий: Аляска
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଲାସ୍କା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Alaska
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲਾਸਕਾ
पालि: अलास्का
Pangasinan: Alaska
پنجابی: الاسکا
Papiamentu: Alaska
Piemontèis: Alasca
Plattdüütsch: Alaska
polski: Alaska
português: Alasca
Qaraqalpaqsha: Alyaska
română: Alaska
rumantsch: Alasca
Runa Simi: Alaska suyu
русский: Аляска
саха тыла: Аляска
संस्कृतम्: अलास्का
sardu: Alaska
Scots: Alaska
Seeltersk: Alaska
shqip: Alaska
sicilianu: Alaska
සිංහල: ඇලස්කාව
slovenčina: Aljaška
slovenščina: Aljaska
ślůnski: Alaska
Soomaaliga: Alaska
کوردی: ئەلاسکا
српски / srpski: Аљаска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aljaska
suomi: Alaska
svenska: Alaska
Tagalog: Alaska
தமிழ்: அலாஸ்கா
татарча/tatarça: Аляска
తెలుగు: అలాస్కా
тоҷикӣ: Аляска
Türkçe: Alaska
Türkmençe: Alýaska
удмурт: Аляска
українська: Аляска
اردو: الاسکا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Alyaska Shitati
vèneto: Ałasca
Tiếng Việt: Alaska
Volapük: Lalaskän
West-Vlams: Alaska
Winaray: Alaska
吴语: 阿拉斯加
ייִדיש: אלאסקע
Yorùbá: Alaska
Zazaki: Alaska
Zeêuws: Alaska
žemaitėška: Aleska