Al-Qaeda

A jihadist flag of uncertain origin

al-Qaeda[1] (Arabic: القاعدة‎, al-qāʿidah, "the base"), is an armed Islamic group that was started between August 1988 and late 1989.[2]p75[3] It works as a network, as a stateless army,[4] and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad. Most of the world thinks it is a Takfiri and terrorist organization.[5][6]

Members of al-Qaeda have performed many acts of terrorism. Most of these have been done against the United States and Shias. Some of its most well-known attacks have been the September 11 attacks, the bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, and the attack on the U.S. Navy ship USS Cole in 2000. al-Qaeda has done suicide attacks and simultaneous (at the same time) bombings of different targets.[7]

Among al-Qaeda's goals is for other countries to stop influencing Muslim countries and for a new Islamic caliphate to be made. There have been reports that al-Qaeda believes that Christian and Jewish Islamophobia is trying to destroy Islam[8] and that the killing of bystanders and civilians is religiously justified in jihad.

There have been guesses that there are 500-1,000 operatives in Afghanistan and around 5,000 worldwide. However, there is no confirmation of this.

History

In June 2001, al-Qaeda and Egyptian Islamic Jihad, which had been associated with each other for many years, merged into 'Qaeda al-Jihad'.[9]

"...the members of Islamic Jihad and its guiding figure Ayman al-Zawahiri have provided the backbone of [al-Quaeda's] leadership. According to officials in the C.I.A. and the F.B.I., Zawahiri has been responsible for much of the planning of the terrorist operations against the United States".[9]

Death of Osama bin Laden and current leadership

Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri is the highest-ranking surviving member of al-Qaeda's leadership after Osama bin Laden was killed on May 2, 2011.

Death of Abu Yahya al-Libi

Senior al-Qaeda leader Abu Yahya al-Libi was killed in a drone strike on June 4, 2012.[10] He ranked second to Ayman al-Zawahiri at the time. The strike was carried out in the northwest tribal area of Waziristan. The Pakistan Government has protested to the U.S. about the strike.[10]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Al-Kaïda
aragonés: Al-Qaeda
asturianu: Al Qaeda
azərbaycanca: Əl-Qaidə
Bân-lâm-gú: Al-Qaeda
беларуская: Аль-Каіда
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аль-Каіда
Bikol Central: Al-Qaeda
български: Ал-Каида
Boarisch: Al-Qaida
bosanski: Al-Kaida
brezhoneg: Al-Qaida
català: Al-Qaida
Cebuano: Al-Qaeda
čeština: Al-Káida
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Al-Qaeda
Cymraeg: Al-Qaeda
dansk: Al-Qaeda
Deutsch: Al-Qaida
Ελληνικά: Αλ Κάιντα
English: Al-Qaeda
español: Al Qaeda
Esperanto: Al-Kaida
euskara: Al Kaida
فارسی: القاعده
føroyskt: Al-Qaeda
français: Al-Qaïda
Frysk: Al-Qaida
galego: Al Qaida
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Al-Qaeda
한국어: 알카에다
հայերեն: Ալ-Կաիդա
हिन्दी: अल-क़ायदा
hrvatski: Al-Kaida
Bahasa Indonesia: Al-Qaeda
interlingua: Al-Qaeda
íslenska: Al-Kaída
italiano: Al Qaida
עברית: אל-קאעידה
Basa Jawa: Al-Qaéda
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲ್ ಕೈದಾ
ქართული: ალ-კაიდა
қазақша: Әл-Қағида
Kiswahili: Al-Qaeda
kurdî: Elqaîde
Кыргызча: Ал-Каида
Ladino: Al Qaida
Latina: Al-Qāʿida
latviešu: Al-Qaeda
Lëtzebuergesch: Al-Qaida
lietuvių: Al-Qaeda
Limburgs: Al Qaeda
magyar: Al-Káida
македонски: Ал-Каеда
മലയാളം: അൽ ഖാഇദ
मराठी: अल कायदा
مازِرونی: القاعده
Bahasa Melayu: Al Qaeda
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Al-Qaeda
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အယ်လ်ကေးဒါး
Nederlands: Al Qaida
नेपाली: अल कायदा
norsk: Al-Qaida
norsk nynorsk: Al-Qaida
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Al-Qoida
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲ ਕਾਇਦਾ
پنجابی: القاعدہ
پښتو: القاعده
Plattdüütsch: Al Kaida
polski: Al-Ka’ida
português: Al-Qaeda
Ripoarisch: El-Qaeda
română: Al-Qaida
русский: Аль-Каида
саха тыла: Ал-Каида
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱟᱞ ᱠᱣᱮᱫᱟ
Scots: Al-Qaeda
shqip: Al-Kaida
sicilianu: Al-Qaida
සිංහල: අල්-කයිඩා
slovenčina: Al-Káida
slovenščina: Al Kaida
Soomaaliga: Al-Qaacida
کوردی: ئەلقاعیدە
српски / srpski: Ал Каида
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Al-Kaida
suomi: Al-Qaida
svenska: Al-Qaida
Tagalog: Al-Qaeda
татарча/tatarça: Äl-Qağidä
తెలుగు: అల్ ఖైదా
Türkçe: El-Kaide
українська: Аль-Каїда
اردو: القاعدہ
Tiếng Việt: Al-Qaeda
文言: 蓋達
Winaray: Al-Qaeda
ייִדיש: אל קיידא
Yorùbá: Al-Kaida
粵語: 阿蓋達
Zazaki: El Qaide
中文: 基地组织