Africa

World map showing where Africa is

Africa is the second largest continent in the world. It makes up about a fifth of the world's land.[1] It is surrounded by large areas of water. There are 54 fully recognised and independent countries in Africa, and 14.7% (1.216 billion) of the world's population lives there.[1] It is thought to be the continent where the first humans evolved.

History

Civilizations before European colonization.

The history of Africa begins from the first modern human beings and leads to its present difficult state as a politically developing continent.

Africa's ancient historic period includes the rise of Egyptian civilization, the further development of societies outside the Nile River Valley and the interaction between them and civilizations outside of Africa. In the late 7th century North and East Africa were heavily influenced by the spread of Islam. That led to the appearance of new cultures such as those of the Swahili people, and the Mali Empire, whose king, Musa Keita I, became one of the richest and most influential people of the early 14th century. This also led to an increase in the slave trade that had a very bad influence for the development of the whole continent until the 19th century.

Slavery

Slavery has long been practised in Africa.[2][3] Between the seventh and twentieth centuries, the Arab slave trade took 18 million slaves from Africa via trans-Saharan and Indian Ocean routes.

Between the fifteenth and the nineteenth centuries (500 years), the Atlantic slave trade took an estimated 7–12 million slaves to the New World.[4][5][6]

Between 1808 and 1860, the British Navy captured approximately 1,600 slave ships and freed 150,000 Africans who were aboard.[7]

Areas of Africa under the control or influence of European nations in 1914 (at outbreak of World War I).

Colonialism

In the late nineteenth century, the European powers occupied much of the continent, creating many colonial and dependent territories. They left only three fully independent states: Darwiish State, (also spelled Daraawiish State), Ethiopia (known to Europeans as "Abyssinia"), and Liberia.

Egypt and Sudan were never formally incorporated into any European colonial empire. However, after the British occupation of 1882, Egypt was effectively under British administration until 1922.

Modern history

African independence movements had their first success in 1951 when Libya became the first former colony to become independent. Modern African history has been full of revolutions and wars as well as the growth of modern African economies and democratization across the continent.

A civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) began in 1998. Neighbouring African countries have become involved. Since the conflict began, 5,5 million are estimated to have died because of it.[8]

Political associations such as the African Union offer hope for greater co-operation and peace between the continent's many countries.

Other Languages
Acèh: Afrika
Адыгэбзэ: Африкэ
адыгабзэ: Африкэ
Afrikaans: Afrika
Akan: Afrika
Alemannisch: Afrika
አማርኛ: አፍሪቃ
Ænglisc: Affrica
العربية: أفريقيا
aragonés: Africa
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܦܪܝܩܐ
armãneashti: Africa
arpetan: Africa
অসমীয়া: আফ্ৰিকা
asturianu: África
Avañe'ẽ: Áfrika
авар: Африка
Aymar aru: Aphrika
azərbaycanca: Afrika
تۆرکجه: آفریقا
bamanankan: Afrika
বাংলা: আফ্রিকা
Bahasa Banjar: Aprika
Bân-lâm-gú: Hui-chiu
Basa Banyumasan: Afrika
башҡортса: Африка
беларуская: Афрыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Афрыка
भोजपुरी: अफिरका
Bikol Central: Aprika
Bislama: Afrika
български: Африка
Boarisch: Afrika
བོད་ཡིག: ཨ་ཧྥེ་རི་ཁ།
bosanski: Afrika
brezhoneg: Afrika
буряад: Африка
català: Àfrica
Чӑвашла: Африка
Cebuano: Aprika
čeština: Afrika
Chi-Chewa: Africa
chiShona: Africa
corsu: Africa
Cymraeg: Affrica
dansk: Afrika
davvisámegiella: Afrihká
Deitsch: Afrikaa
Deutsch: Afrika
dolnoserbski: Afrika
ཇོང་ཁ: ཨཕ་རི་ཀ་
eesti: Aafrika
Ελληνικά: Αφρική
English: Africa
español: África
Esperanto: Afriko
estremeñu: África
euskara: Afrika
فارسی: آفریقا
Fiji Hindi: Africa
føroyskt: Afrika
français: Afrique
Frysk: Afrika
Fulfulde: Afirik
furlan: Afriche
Gaeilge: An Afraic
Gaelg: Yn Affrick
Gagauz: Afrika
Gàidhlig: Afraga
galego: África
贛語: 非洲
Gĩkũyũ: Abĩrika
گیلکی: آفریقا
ગુજરાતી: આફ્રિકા
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐍆𐍂𐌹𐌺𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: आफ्रिका खंड
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Fî-chû
хальмг: Априк
한국어: 아프리카
Hausa: Afirka
Hawaiʻi: ʻApelika
հայերեն: Աֆրիկա
हिन्दी: अफ़्रीका
hornjoserbsce: Afrika
hrvatski: Afrika
Ido: Afrika
Igbo: Eluàlà
Ilokano: Aprika
Bahasa Indonesia: Afrika
interlingua: Africa
Interlingue: Africa
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᑉᕆᖄ
Ирон: Африкæ
isiXhosa: I-Afrika
isiZulu: IAfrika
íslenska: Afríka
italiano: Africa
עברית: אפריקה
Basa Jawa: Afrika
kalaallisut: Afrika
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಆಫ್ರಿಕಾ
Kapampangan: Aprika
къарачай-малкъар: Африка
ქართული: აფრიკა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: اَفریٖقہ
kaszëbsczi: Afrika
қазақша: Африка
kernowek: Afrika
Kinyarwanda: Afurika
Kirundi: Bufirika
Kiswahili: Afrika
коми: Африка
Kongo: Afelika
Kreyòl ayisyen: Afrik
kurdî: Afrîka
Кыргызча: Африка
кырык мары: Африка
Ladino: Afrika
лезги: Африка
لۊری شومالی: آفریقا
latgaļu: Afrika
Latina: Africa
latviešu: Āfrika
Lëtzebuergesch: Afrika
lietuvių: Afrika
Ligure: Africa
Limburgs: Afrika
lingála: Afríka
Livvinkarjala: Afriekku
la .lojban.: frikytu'a
Luganda: Afirika
lumbaart: Africa
magyar: Afrika
मैथिली: अफ्रिका
македонски: Африка
Malagasy: Afrika
മലയാളം: ആഫ്രിക്ക
Malti: Afrika
Māori: Āwherika
मराठी: आफ्रिका
მარგალური: აფრიკა
مصرى: افريقيا
مازِرونی: آفریقا
Bahasa Melayu: Afrika
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hĭ-ciŭ
Mirandés: África
мокшень: Африк
монгол: Африк
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အာဖရိက
Nāhuatl: Africa
Dorerin Naoero: Aprika
Nederlands: Afrika
Nedersaksies: Afrika
नेपाली: अफ्रिका
नेपाल भाषा: अफ्रिका
日本語: アフリカ
Napulitano: Africa
нохчийн: Африка
Nordfriisk: Afrikoo
Norfuk / Pitkern: Afreka
norsk: Afrika
norsk nynorsk: Afrika
Nouormand: Afrique
Novial: Afrika
occitan: Africa
олык марий: Африка
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଫ୍ରିକା
Oromoo: Afrikaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Afrika
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਫ਼ਰੀਕਾ
Pangasinan: Afrika
پنجابی: افریقہ
Papiamentu: Afrika
پښتو: افريقا
Patois: Afrika
Перем Коми: Африка
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អាហ្វ្រិក
Picard: Afrike
Piemontèis: Àfrica
Tok Pisin: Aprika
Plattdüütsch: Afrika
polski: Afryka
Ποντιακά: Αφρικήν
português: África
Qaraqalpaqsha: Afrika
qırımtatarca: Afrika
reo tahiti: ’Afirita
română: Africa
Romani: Afrika
rumantsch: Africa
Runa Simi: Aphrika
русиньскый: Африка
русский: Африка
саха тыла: Африка
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ
Gagana Samoa: Aferika
संस्कृतम्: आफ्रिकाखण्डः
Sängö: Afrîka
sardu: Àfrica
Scots: Africae
Seeltersk: Afrikoa
Sesotho: Afrika
Sesotho sa Leboa: Afrika
Setswana: Aferika
shqip: Afrika
sicilianu: Àfrica
سنڌي: آفريڪا
SiSwati: Í-Afríka
slovenčina: Afrika
slovenščina: Afrika
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Афрїка
ślůnski: Afrika
Soomaaliga: Afrika
کوردی: ئەفریقا
Sranantongo: Afrka
српски / srpski: Африка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Afrika
Basa Sunda: Afrika
suomi: Afrikka
svenska: Afrika
Tagalog: Aprika
Taqbaylit: Tafrikt
tarandíne: Afriche
татарча/tatarça: Африка
తెలుగు: ఆఫ్రికా
tetun: Áfrika
тоҷикӣ: Африқо
lea faka-Tonga: ʻAfelika
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎬᎿᎦᏍᏛ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Mo'hetaneho'e
Tshivenda: Afurika
ತುಳು: ಆಫ್ರಿಕಾ
Türkçe: Afrika
Türkmençe: Afrika
тыва дыл: Африка
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Apirïka
удмурт: Африка
українська: Африка
اردو: افریقا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئافرىقا
Vahcuengh: Feihcouh
vèneto: Àfrica
vepsän kel’: Afrik
Tiếng Việt: Châu Phi
Volapük: Frikop
Võro: Afriga
walon: Afrike
West-Vlams: Afrika
Winaray: Aprika
Wolof: Afrig
吴语: 非洲
Xitsonga: Afrika
ייִדיש: אפריקע
Yorùbá: Áfríkà
粵語: 非洲
Zazaki: Afrika
Zeêuws: Afrika
žemaitėška: Afrėka
中文: 非洲
डोटेली: अफ्रिका
ГӀалгӀай: Африка
Lingua Franca Nova: Africa