14 Irene

14 Irene
Discovered by John Russell Hind
Discovery date May 19, 1851
Other names A906 QC;
A913 EA;
1952 TM
Category Main belt
Reference date July 14, 2004 ( JD 2453200.5)
Longest distance from the  Sun 451.858 Gm (3.020 AU)
Shortest distance from the  Sun 321.602 Gm (2.150 AU)
Longest distance from the center of its orbital path
("semi-major axis")
386.730 Gm (2.585 AU)
How long it takes to complete an orbit 1518.176 d (4.16 a)
Average speed 18.52 km/s
Mean anomaly 326.489°
Angle above the reference plane
Size and other qualities
Measurements 181.8 km [1]
Mass 6.3×1018 kg [reference needed]
Average  density 2 ? g/cm³
Surface gravity 0.051 m/s²
Escape velocity 0.096 km/s
Rotation period 0.6275 d [2]
How much light it reflects 0.160 [1]
Avg. surface  temp. ~170 K
Spectral type S-type asteroid [1]
Seeming brightness
("apparent magnitude")
8.84 to 12.25
True brightness
("absolute magnitude")

14 Irene is a very big Main belt asteroid.

14 Irene was found by J. R. Hind on May 19, 1851, and named after Eirene, a personification of peace in Greek mythology. She was one of the Horae, daughter of Zeus and Themis. The name was suggested by Sir John Herschel. Hind wrote,

"You will readily discover that this name [...] has some relation to this event (the Great Industrial Exhibition) which is now filling our metropolis [London] with the talent of all civilised nations, with those of Peace, the productions of Art and Science, in which all mankind must feel an interest."

The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations in the Crystal Palace of Hyde Park, London ran from May 1 until October 18, 1851.

Hind suggested that the symbol for the asteroid should be "A dove carrying an olive-branch, with a star on its head", [3] but an actual drawing of the symbol was never made before the use of graphical symbols to represent asteroids was no longer used. [4]

There have been four reported stellar occultations by Irene.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://spiff.rit.edu/richmond/parallax/phot/LCSUMPUB.TXT Archived 16 January 2010 at WebCite
  2. http://www.psi.edu/pds/archive/lc.html Archive copy at the Internet Archive
  3. Hind, John Russell (1852). "From a Letter of Mr. Hind to the Editor". Astron. J. 2: 22-23. 
  4. When did the asteroids become minor planets? Archived 18 January 2010 at WebCite
  • New planet, Astronomical Journal, Vol. 2, iss. 27, p. 22, June 1851
Other Languages
Alemannisch: (14) Irene
asturianu: 14 Irene
Bân-lâm-gú: 14 Irene
беларуская: (14) Ірэна
български: 14 Ирена
català: (14) Irene
čeština: Irene (planetka)
Deutsch: (14) Irene
Ελληνικά: 14 Ειρήνη
English: 14 Irene
español: (14) Irene
Esperanto: 14 Ireno
euskara: 14 Irene
فارسی: ایرنه ۱۴
français: (14) Irène
한국어: 14 이레네
Հայերեն: (14) Իրենե
hrvatski: 14 Irene
Bahasa Indonesia: 14 Irene
italiano: 14 Irene
коми: Ирена
Latina: 14 Irene
latviešu: 14 Eirēne
Lëtzebuergesch: (14) Irene
magyar: 14 Irene
مازِرونی: سیارک ۱۴
norsk: 14 Irene
norsk nynorsk: 14 Irene
occitan: (14) Irene
Plattdüütsch: (14) Irene
polski: (14) Irene
português: 14 Irene
română: 14 Irene
русский: (14) Ирена
Scots: 14 Irene
slovenčina: 14 Irene
slovenščina: 14 Irena
српски / srpski: 14 Ирена
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 14 Irene
suomi: 14 Irene
svenska: 14 Irene
Tagalog: 14 Irene
українська: 14 Ейрена
vèneto: 14 Irene
Yorùbá: 14 Irene
粵語: 司寧星
中文: 司宁星