Unitit Kinrick

Location o the  United Kingdom  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)
Location o the  United Kingdom  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Caipital
and largest city
Lunnon
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500; -0.117
Offeecial leid
an national leid
Inglis
Recognised regional
leids[note 3]
Ethnic groups (2011)
  • 87.1% White
  • 7.0% Asian
  • 3.0% Black
  • 2.0% Mixed
  • 0.9% ithers
Demonym
GovrenmentUnitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Theresa May
LegislaturPairlament
• Upper house
Hoose o Lords
• Lower house
Hoose o Commons
History
• Acts o Union o Ingland an Scotland
1 May 1707
• Acts o Union o Great Breetain an Ireland
1 January 1801
• Erse Free State Constitution Act
5 December 1922
• EEC accession[note 4]
1 January 1973
Aurie
• Total
243,610 km2 (94,060 sq mi) (80t)
• Water (%)
1.34
Population
• 2014 estimate
64,511,000[3] (22nt)
• 2011 census
63,181,775[4] (22nt)
• Density
255.6/km2 (662.0/sq mi) (51st)
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
$2.549 trillion (10t)
• Per capita
$39,510[3] (28t)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
• Tot
$2.945 trillion (5t)
• Per capita
$45,653[3] (19t)
Gini (2012)positive decrease 32.8[5]
medium · 33rd
HDI (2013)Steady 0.892[6]
verra heich · 14t
CurrencyPoond sterling (£) (GBP)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (BST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+44
Internet TLD.uk

The Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland (Inglis: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), commonly kent as the Unitit Kinrick (Inglis: United Kingdom; UK) or Breetain (Inglis: Britain), is a sovereign kintra in wastren Europe. Lyin aff the north-wastren coast o the European mainland, the UK includes the iland o Great Breetain, the north-eastren pairt o the island o Ireland an mony smawer islands.[7] Northren Ireland is the anly pairt o the Unitit Kinrick that shares a laund mairch wi anither sovereign state‍—‌the Republic o Ireland.[note 5] Apairt frae this laund mairch, the UK is surroondit bi the Atlantic Ocean, wi the North Sea tae its east, the Inglis Channel tae its sooth an the Celtic Sea tae its sooth-sooth-wast, giein it the 12t-langest coastline in the warld. The Erse Sea lies atween Great Breetain an Ireland. Wi an aurie o 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the UK is the 78t-lairgest sovereign state in the warld an the 11t-lairgest in Europe. It is an aa the 21st-maist populous kintra, wi an estimatit 65.5 million indwallers. Thegither, this maks it the fowert-maist densely populatit kintra in the European Union (EU).[note 6][8]

The UK is a constitutional monarchy wi a pairliamentar democracy.[9][10] The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, that haes ringed syne 6 Februar 1952, makkin her the langest-servin current heid o state.[11] The UK's caipital an lairgest ceety is Lunnon, a global ceety an financial centre wi an urban aurie population o 10.3 million, the fowert-lairgest in Europe an seicont-lairgest in the European Union.[12] Ither major urban auries in the UK include the conurbations centred on Birmingham, Leeds, Glesga, Liverpuil an Manchester. The UK consists o fower kintrasIngland, Scotland, Wales an Northren Ireland.[13] Aw but Ingland hae devolved admeenistrations,[14] ilk wi varyin pouers,[15][16] based in thair caipitals Edinburgh, Cairdiff an Belfast, respectively. The nearbi Isle o Man, Bailiwick o Guernsey an Bailiwick o Jersey are nae pairt o the UK, bein Croun dependencies wit the Breetish Govrenment responsible for defence an internaitional representation.[17]

Prior tae the creaution o the UK, Wales haed been conquered an annexed bi the Kinrick o Ingland. This meant that the unitit kinrick creautit in 1707 bi the Treaty o Union atween Ingland an Scotland encompassed aw o Great Breetain. The Kinrick o Ireland merged wi this state in 1801 tae form the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Ireland. Five-saxts o Ireland secedit frae the UK in 1922, leavin the present formulation o the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain and Northren Ireland.[note 7] Thare are fowerteen Breetish Owerseas Territories,[18] the remnants o the Breetish Empire that, at its hicht in the 1920s, encompassed awmaist a quarter o the warld's land mass an wis the lairgest empire in history. Breetish influence can be observed in the leid, cultur an legal seestems o mony o its umwhile colonies.

The UK is a developit kintra an haes the warld's saxt-lairgest economy bi nominal GDP [19] an ninth-lairgest economy bi purchasin pouer parity. It haes a heich-income economy an haes a "verra heich" Human Development Index, rankin 16t in the warld. It wis the first industrialised kintra an the warld's foremaist pouer in the 19t an early 20t centuries.[20][21] The UK remeens a great pouer wi conseederable economic, cultural, militar, scienteefic an poleetical influence internaitionally.[22][23] It is a recognised nuclear wappens state an is seivent in militar expenditur in the warld.[24] It haes been a permanent member o the Unitit Naitions Security Cooncil syne its first session in 1946. It haes been a leadin member state o the EU an its predecessor, the European Economic Commonty (EEC), syne 1973; houiver, on 23 Juin 2016, a non-bindin referendum on the UK's membership o the EU resultit wi 51.9% o UK voters favourin a leave, an the kintra's prospective exit frae the EU is bein negotiatit. The UK is an aa a member o the Commonweel o Naitions, the Cooncil o Europe, the G7 finance meenisters, the G7 forum, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation an Development (OECD), an the Warld Trade Organisation (WTO).

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Британиа Ду
aragonés: Reino Unito
অসমীয়া: যুক্তৰাজ্য
asturianu: Reinu Xuníu
azərbaycanca: Böyük Britaniya
башҡортса: Бөйөк Британия
žemaitėška: Jongtėnė Karalīstė
Bikol Central: Reyno Unido
беларуская: Вялікабрытанія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вялікабрытанія
Bahasa Banjar: Britania Raya
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: তিলপারাজ্য
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: United Kingdom
буряад: Ехэ Британи
català: Regne Unit
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ĭng-guók
Chamoru: Reinu Unidu
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎩᎵᏏᏲ
Tsetsêhestâhese: United Kingdom
qırımtatarca: Büyük Britaniya
kaszëbsczi: Wiôlgô Britanijô
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Вєлика Британїꙗ
Чӑвашла: Аслă Британи
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Amatnhom Mäcŋaknhom
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Régn Unî
español: Reino Unido
estremeñu: Reinu Uníu
فارسی: بریتانیا
føroyskt: Stóra Bretland
français: Royaume-Uni
arpetan: Royômo-Uni
Nordfriisk: Feriind Kiningrik
furlan: Ream Unît
贛語: 英國
galego: Reino Unido
Avañe'ẽ: Tavetã Joaju
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: युनायटेड किंगडम
Hausa: Birtaniya
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yîn-koet
Fiji Hindi: United Kingdom
hornjoserbsce: Zjednoćene kralestwo
Kreyòl ayisyen: Wayòm Ini
interlingua: Regno Unite
Bahasa Indonesia: Britania Raya
Interlingue: Reyatu Unit
ГӀалгӀай: Великобритани
íslenska: Bretland
italiano: Regno Unito
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᑐᓗᐃᑦ ᓄᓈᑦ
日本語: イギリス
la .lojban.: ritygu'e
Taqbaylit: Legliz
Адыгэбзэ: Британиэшхуэ
қазақша: Ұлыбритания
kalaallisut: Tuluit Nunaat
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សហរាជាណាចក្រ
한국어: 영국
Перем Коми: Ыджыт Бритму
къарачай-малкъар: Уллу Британия
Ripoarisch: Jrußbritannie
kernowek: Ruwvaneth Unys
Ladino: Reyno Unido
Lëtzebuergesch: Vereenegt Kinnekräich
Lingua Franca Nova: Rena Unida
Ligure: Regno Unïo
lumbaart: Regn Ünì
لۊری شومالی: بريتانيا
latgaļu: Lelbrytaneja
монгол: Их Британи
кырык мары: Кого Британи
Bahasa Melayu: United Kingdom
Malti: Renju Unit
Mirandés: Reino Ounido
مازِرونی: بریتانیا
Dorerin Naoero: Ingerand
Napulitano: Gran Vretagna
Nedersaksies: Verienigd Keuninkriek
norsk nynorsk: Storbritannia
Nouormand: Rouoyaume Unni
Sesotho sa Leboa: United Kingdom
Chi-Chewa: United Kingdom
occitan: Reialme Unit
Livvinkarjala: Yhtys Kuningaskundu
Pangasinan: Reino Unido
Papiamentu: Reino Uni
Norfuk / Pitkern: Yunitid Kingdum
Piemontèis: Regn Unì
پنجابی: برطانیہ
português: Reino Unido
rumantsch: Reginavel Unì
armãneashti: Britania Mari
tarandíne: Regne Aunìte
русиньскый: Велика Брітанія
Kinyarwanda: Ubwongereza
саха тыла: Улуу Британия
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ
sicilianu: Regnu Unitu
davvisámegiella: Ovttastuvvan gonagasriika
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo
Simple English: United Kingdom
Gagana Samoa: Peretānia
chiShona: United Kingdom
Sranantongo: Ingriskondre
Basa Sunda: Britania
тоҷикӣ: Британия
lea faka-Tonga: Pilitānia
Tok Pisin: Yunaitet Kingdom
Xitsonga: United Kingdom
татарча/tatarça: Бөекбритания
reo tahiti: Paratāne
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بۈيۈك بېرىتانىيە
українська: Велика Британія
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Birlashgan Qirollik
vèneto: Regno Unìo
vepsän kel’: Sur' Britanii
Volapük: Regän Pebalöl
Winaray: Reino Unido
吴语: 英国
Vahcuengh: Yinghgoz
中文: 英国
文言: 英國
Bân-lâm-gú: Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok
粵語: 英國