Tonga
English: Tonga

Kinrick o Tonga
Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
Banner o Tonga
Banner
Coat o airms
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God an Tonga are ma Inheritance"
Anthem: Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
The Sang o the Keeng o the Tongan Islands
Location o Tonga
Location o Tonga
Caipital
and largest city
Nukuʻalofa
21°08′S 175°12′W / 21°08′S 175°12′W / -21.133; -175.200
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups (2016[1])
  • 96.6% Tongan
  • 1.7% Euronesies
  • 1.0% European
  • 1.0% East Asie
DemonymTongan
GovrenmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Keeng Tupou VI
• Prime Meenister
ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
Unthirldom
• frae Breetish pertection
4 Juin 1970
Aurie
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (186t)
• Water (%)
4.0
Population
• 2011 census
103,036[2]
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) (76ta)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$763 million[3]
• Per capita
$7,344[3]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Tot
$439 million[3]
• Per capita
$4,220[3]
HDI (2013)Increase 0.710[4]
heich · 95t
CurrencyPaʻanga (TOP)
Time zoneUTC+13
DST nae observed
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
Internet TLD.to
  1. Based on 2005 figures.

Tonga, offeecially Kinrick o Tonga is a Polynesie kintra an airchipelagae comprisin 169 islands, o that 36 are inhabitit.[1] The tot surface aurie is aboot 750 square kilometres (290 sq mi) scattered ower 700,000 square kilometres (270,000 sq mi) o the soothren Paceefic Ocean. The sovereign state has a population o 100,651 fowk,[5] o that 70% reside on the main island o Tongatapu.

Tonga stretches athort approximately 800 kilometres (500 mi) in a north-sooth line. It is surroondit bi Fiji an Wallis an Futuna (Fraunce) tae the northwast, Samoa tae the northeast, Niue tae the east, Kermadec (pairt o New Zealand) tae the soothwast, an New Caledon (Fraunce) an Vanuatu tae the forder wast.

Tonga becam kent in the Wast as the "Freendly Islands" acause o the congenial reception accordit tae Caiptain James Cook on his first vesit in 1773. He arrived at the time o the ʻinasi festival, the yearly donation o the First Fruits tae the Tuʻi Tonga (the islands' paramoont chief) an sae received an invitation tae the festivities. Accordin tae the writer William Mariner, the chiefs wantit tae kill Cook in the gaitherin but coud nae gree on a plan.[6]

Frae 1900 tae 1970, Tonga haed Breetish pertectit state status, wi the Unitit Kinrick leukin efter its furrin affairs unner a Treaty o Freendship. The kintra niver relinquished its sovereignty tae any furrin pouer.[7] In 2010, Tonga teuk a decisive path taewart acomin a constitutional monarchy raither nor a tradeetional absolute kinrick, efter legislative reforms passed a coorse for the first pairtial representative elections.

  • references

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "The World Factbook: Tonga: Geography". Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  2. Tonga National Population Census 2011; Preliminary Count. pmo.gov.to (22 December 2011).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Tonga". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  4. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  5. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  6. Mariner, William and pp. 64–65. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  7. Tonga: History. The Commonwealth.
Other Languages
Acèh: Tonga
Afrikaans: Tonga
Alemannisch: Tonga
አማርኛ: ቶንጋ
aragonés: Tonga
العربية: تونغا
مصرى: تونجا
asturianu: Tonga
azərbaycanca: Tonqa
تۆرکجه: تونقا
башҡортса: Тонга
žemaitėška: Tuonga
Bikol Central: Tonga
беларуская: Тонга
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тонга
български: Тонга
Bahasa Banjar: Tonga
বাংলা: টোঙ্গা
བོད་ཡིག: ཊོང་ག
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: টঙ্গা
brezhoneg: Tonga
bosanski: Tonga
буряад: Тонга
català: Tonga
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Tonga
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tonga
нохчийн: Тонга
Cebuano: Tonga
Tsetsêhestâhese: Tonga
کوردی: تۆنگا
qırımtatarca: Tonga
čeština: Tonga
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Тонга
Cymraeg: Tonga
dansk: Tonga
Deutsch: Tonga
Zazaki: Tonga
dolnoserbski: Tonga
डोटेली: टोङ्गा
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޓޮންގާ
Ελληνικά: Τόνγκα
English: Tonga
Esperanto: Tongo
español: Tonga
eesti: Tonga
euskara: Tonga
estremeñu: Tonga
فارسی: تونگا
suomi: Tonga
Võro: Tonga
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Toga
føroyskt: Tonga
français: Tonga
arpetan: Tonga
Nordfriisk: Tonga
Frysk: Tonga
Gaeilge: Tonga
Gagauz: Tonga
Gàidhlig: Tonga
galego: Tonga
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: टोंगा
Gaelg: Yn Tongey
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tonga
עברית: טונגה
हिन्दी: टोंगा
Fiji Hindi: Tonga
hrvatski: Tonga
hornjoserbsce: Tonga
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tonga
magyar: Tonga
հայերեն: Տոնգա
interlingua: Tonga
Bahasa Indonesia: Tonga
Interlingue: Tonga
Ilokano: Tonga
Ido: Tonga
íslenska: Tonga
italiano: Tonga
日本語: トンガ
Patois: Tongga
Jawa: Tonga
ქართული: ტონგა
Qaraqalpaqsha: Tonga
қазақша: Тонга
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಟೋಂಗಾ
한국어: 통가
kurdî: Tonga
kernowek: Tonga
Кыргызча: Тонга
Latina: Tonga
Lëtzebuergesch: Tonga
Lingua Franca Nova: Tonga
Limburgs: Tonga
Ligure: Tonga
lumbaart: Tonga
lietuvių: Tonga
latviešu: Tonga
македонски: Тонга
മലയാളം: ടോങ്ക
монгол: Тонга
मराठी: टोंगा
кырык мары: Тонга
Bahasa Melayu: Tonga
Malti: Tonga
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တုံဂါနိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: تونگا
Dorerin Naoero: Tonga
Plattdüütsch: Tonga
Nederlands: Tonga (land)
norsk nynorsk: Tonga
norsk: Tonga
occitan: Tònga
Livvinkarjala: Tonga
Ирон: Тонгæ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਟੋਂਗਾ
Kapampangan: Tonga
Papiamentu: Tonga
पालि: टोंगा
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tonga
polski: Tonga
Piemontèis: Tònga
پنجابی: ٹونگا
português: Tonga
Runa Simi: Tunqa
rumantsch: Tonga
română: Tonga
русский: Тонга
Kinyarwanda: Tonga
संस्कृतम्: टोंगा
саха тыла: Тонга
sicilianu: Tonga
سنڌي: ٽونگا
davvisámegiella: Tonga
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tonga
සිංහල: ටොංගා
Simple English: Tonga
slovenčina: Tonga
slovenščina: Tonga
Gagana Samoa: Toga
chiShona: Tonga
shqip: Tonga
српски / srpski: Тонга
Basa Sunda: Tonga
svenska: Tonga
Kiswahili: Tonga
ślůnski: Tůnga
தமிழ்: தொங்கா
тоҷикӣ: Тонга
Türkmençe: Tonga
Tagalog: Tonga
lea faka-Tonga: Tonga
Tok Pisin: Tonga
Türkçe: Tonga
Xitsonga: Tonga
татарча/tatarça: Тонга
Twi: Tonga
reo tahiti: To’a
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Ton’ga
українська: Тонга
اردو: ٹونگا
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tonga
vepsän kel’: Tong
Tiếng Việt: Tonga
Volapük: Tonguäns
Winaray: Tonga
Wolof: Tonga
吴语: 湯加
მარგალური: ტონგა
ייִדיש: טאנגא
Yorùbá: Tóngà
Vahcuengh: Tonga
中文: 東加
文言: 東加
Bân-lâm-gú: Tonga
粵語: 湯加